THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERISED CAREER CHOICE COUNSELLING SYSTEM

ABSTRACT

          The presence of guidance and counselors in school is not just for the sake of it, they are there to direct student on the area they psychologically find them fit. The job of guidance and counseling towards a future carrier is not an easy one, the student has to be followed regularly within attitude and academic performance so that he/she will be directed towards his/her gift carrier.

          This project work researched into the procedure involved in guiding and counseling student in the secondary schools with a view to coming up with a modernized system that would help in carrying out the activities affectively.

          The problems associated with the existing system were detected and possible solutions to the problem were provided in the new system.

The new system is a computerized one, which works automatically; it is very easy to use, its also interactive, cost affective. The new system is comprehensive enough, timely and accurate in report generation.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0        INTRODUCTION

1.1        STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

1.2     AIMS AND OBJECTIIVE OF THE STUDY

1.3     IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

1.4        SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.5        CONSTRAINTS

1.6        ASSUMPTION

1.7        DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0        ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTIING SYSYTEM

3.1     METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

3.2     ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

3.3     OBJECTIVES OF THHE EXISTIING SYSYTEM

3.4        INPUUT, PROESS AND OUTPUT ANLYSIS

3.5        INFORMATION FLOW DIAGRAM

3.6        PROBLEM OF THE EXISTNG SYSTEM

3.7        JUSTIFICATION FOR THE NEW SYSTEM

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0        DESIGN OF THE NEW SYSTEM

4.1     OUTPUT SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN

4.1.1   THE CAREER FIT

4.2        INPUT SPECIFICATION ANND DESIGN

4.2.1   INPUT SPECIFICATION

4.2.2   INPUT DESIGN

4.3        FILE DESIGN

4.3.1   FILE STRUCTURE

4.4        PROCEDURE CHAT      

4.5        SYSTEM FLOWCHARTS

4.6        PROCEDURE CHARTS

4.7        SYSTEM REQUIREMENT

4.8        SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0         IMPLEMENTATION

5.1     CHOICE OF LANGUAGE

5.2        PROGRAM DESIGN

5.2.1   ENTRY

5.2.2   UPDATING

5.3        SOURCE PROGRAM

CHAPTER SIX

6.0     DOCUMENTATION

6.1        SOFTWARE INSTALLATION

6.2        SYSTEM OERTIONAL MANUAL

6.3        REVIEW AND MAINTENACE

CHAPTER SEVEN

7.0     RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION

7.1        RECOMMENDATION    

7.2        CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

APPENICES:

APPENDIX A:        PROGRAM SOURCE CODE

APPENDIXB:         PROGRAM OUTPUT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

          Men in search of comfort ability struggle to meet up with good career and for this to be achieved, it has to be stated as early as possible. Form time man is burn, he s being studied to know what likely he will be able to do as he grows up. This has to do with his natural behaviour and mental exercise display. This continues in the family parents and other relations acting as guidance and counseling unit. The child goes in tot school. In school the teacher takes over the guidance and counseling, it is a continuous exercise until one finds his feet, then he can continues from there and equally be in a position to guide and counsel others.

          The stage where much work is carried out on guidance and counseling is in secondary schools. This is a stage when a child is grown to be able to understand maturely and when the Child’s attitude is fully studied in line with academic performance. In all secondary school across the country, there exist a guidance and counselor office where people knowledge in the area of psychology are employed in order to help advise the younger ones in school which way forward to their future career. These people through class visitation, observing students during recreation and calling on them at intervals for questioning, came to know the students better and be able to guide and counsel them in their future career probably in University or in any other area of life endeavour.

          The job of guidance and counseling in secondary school is not an easy job to be taking into consideration the number of students involved with respect to the number of staff involved. It is always, very difficult to handle all the student and to remember everything about the students. This guidance and counseling exercise needs a sophisticated system for the operation of guidance and counseling alliterates some of the problems associated with the exercise. 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

The number of students involved in guidance and counseling in schools are very enormous and few staff in guidance and counseling cannot handle the job effectively. It is always very easy to forget information about students and to reach all the students, contributes another problems.

          Another major problem of he guidance and counseling is information storage. The made of storage of information observed from the student in different forms is not reliable and this makes the guidance and counseling to apply guesswork in trying to direct students in their future career work.

This is a very big delay in taking decision on students concerning their future career. This is so because referencing to students information for decision-making takes a very long time.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THHE STUDY

The primary aim of this projects work is to provide lasting solution to the problem affecting guidance and counseling exercise in secondary schools. The following objectives below are of the study.

- To make the criteria and process involved in the exercise of guidance and counseling very easy and flexible.

-          To carry take care of the burden, the staff faces in trying to do the work of guidance and counseling manually.

-          To provide adequate enabling environment for guidance and counseling on student  to give them better career perspective.

-          To maintain adequate observed information on students for future reference and quick decision taking.

IMPORTANT OF THE STUDY

          This study is of numerous important to the guidance and counselor department and the society in general. It will help the guidance and counselor to always direct the students in their best career areas with happiness because it will be result oriented. It will be placed in the place where they can best perform; this will help in rapid development in the society. It will help to eliminate the word frustration among the people, which is very common in the society.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers the design and implementation of a computerized career choice counseling system in secondary schools.

CONSTRAINTS

          On the course of this project work, time and finance posed a major obstacle to the researcher. This is because the study conceded with the examination period and the semester was too short. 

DEFINITION OF TERMS 

CAREER          Career is a profession, a field where one      specializes on.

GUIDANCE      This is the control advice or direction given to somebody Older with more experience. 

COUNSELING:     To give advise to another

SOCIETY:  This is an organized group of people living     together and having things together.

AUTHOMATIC:     Working in faster rate without much human direction.

PROMPT:   To motivate an action. 

RECREATION:      Time that are not invested in working, time used for relaxing.

ALLEVIATE:   To reduce or less something

SOPHISTICATED:  Showing great experience 

SYSTEM:     A group of things or parts working together achieve a purpose.

PSYCHOLOGY:     The study of mind and its function

DATE:  This is a raw and unprocessed facts used in deciding or discussing something.

RECORD:    To write down event so that it can be remembered

INFORMATION:    This is a fact that has been processed

COMPUTER:         This is an electronic device that accept raw facts as data and processes it to give useful information

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