Most Relevant Petroleum Engineering Project Topics and Materials

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ABSTRACT Well tests exist already for a long time. Since the first oil reservoir was discovered, oil companies have always been keen on estimating reservoir properties such as size. Present day well testing has gone beyond this and its usefulness cannot be overemphasized. This project work is concerned with the use of well testing in identifying... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT In the present day oil and gas industry, the chemicals used as pH controller are usually imported at an exorbitant price - which take a large part of the drilling cost and have ripple effect on the economy of the Nation. It is however necessary to source for an alternative by the use of local materials so as to enhance cost effectiveness.... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT The maximum recoverable oil in place from the reservoir is a major challenge when it comes to EOR which is an essential part of every oil production project. In some cases, the natural drive mechanism is a relatively inefficient process and results in a low overall oil recovery. The lack of sufficient natural drive in such reservoirs has... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Monitoring and maintenance is a continuous process in the various phases of a well’s life. One of the essential part of monitoring is well testing. Just as a regular medical checkup is advised for humans so is well testing advised for a target formation. Well testing provides a means of obtaining information about the well and the... Continue Reading


SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF DATURA STRAMONIUM LEAVES EXTRACT - Z2n+ ON THE CORROSION INHIBITION OF MILD WELLWATER ABSTRACT The synergistic effect of Datura stramonium leaves extract and Zn2+ in the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in aqueous medium (100ml well water) was investigated in this project. The corrosion inhibition studies were carried out... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Energy demand in the world today is increasing rapidly and energy generation and resources in the world are incapable of catering for this increase in demand. In third world countries such as Nigeria, energy generation is epileptic; this is evident in the electric power sector of Nigeria. Issues such as Environmental degradation and... Continue Reading


CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION  1.1      Background of the Study The need for resource-rich Nigeria to assume control of the exploration, exploitation and production activities in the oil and gas sector and to harness the potentials of this most strategic industry in order to generate more value-added, seems to be receiving much desired attention... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT The technique used worldwide while drilling is known as overbalanced drilling. Which is defined as the drilling process where the hydrostatic pressure used exceeds the formation pressure. This is done with the main purpose of “killing” the well. However, there are numerous problems that accompany overbalanced drilling. Such problems... Continue Reading


CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Many reservoirs are comprised of relatively young sediments, which are so poorly consolidated that sand will be produced along with the reservoir fluids unless the production rate is reduced significantly. Sand production leads to many numerous production problems including erosion of down hole tubular, valves, fitting and... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Solution gas drive reservoirs are characterized by rapid and continuous decline of reservoir pressure. This rapid and continuous decline of reservoir pressure causes direct decline of reservoir performance at early stages of the life of the reservoir. The principal source of energy which is gas liberation from the crude oil and the... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Despite its numerous benefits the search and production of crude oil poses a lot of dangers to the environment. Among these include land, water and air pollution. Prominent among the major sources of E&P waste is drilling operations which form the second largest source of waste after production activities. The major drilling wastes... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT One of the major challenges in reservoir engineering is the accurate description of the reservoir. This description is essential in all aspects of petroleum engineering, and is typically achieved through reservoir characterization by integrating various kinds of information obtained from the reservoir. One reliable source of reservoir... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT The effectiveness of Terminalia catappa (tropical almond) and Tamarindus indica (tamarind) as corrosion inhibitors for stainless steel in 1M hydrochloric acid at 30°C, 40°C and 50°C was investigated in this research. The gravimetric method of analysis was employed for 20 days at a 4-day interval using 0.9, 1.1 and 1.3g/15mL of... Continue Reading


1.0       INTRODUCTION             Used motor oil is a very dangerous polluting product. It contains PAH’s and high levels of metals. PAH’s such as benzo[a]pyrene, are well known for their high carcinogenity. Considerable quantities of heavy metals such as Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni, and Cd are contained in used crankcase oil, these... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Every Natural gas well ceases producing as reservoir pressure depletes. The usual liquid presence in the reservoir can cause further problems by accumulating in the wellbore and reducing production even more. There are a number of options in well completion to prevent liquid loading even before it becomes a problem. Tubing size and... Continue Reading


CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY There has been a relative slow rate of growth in the Nigerian Petroleum sector for past decades with a far reaching influence of foreign presence. It is a well known fact that the Petroleum sector in any economy requires great amount of technology, capital with seasoned and experienced... Continue Reading


Introduction Hydrocarbons(oil and gas) are found in the pore spaces of sedimentary geologic formations (reservoir rocks).  Once an oil or gas reservoir is discovered and assessed, production engineers begin the task of maximizing the amount of oil or gas that can ultimately be recovered from it. Some reservoir rocks may allow the oil and gas to... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Foam are substances that are been formed when pockets of gases are trapped in a liquid or solid. Foam stabilizations are caused by van der waals force between molecules, there are conditions required for foaming to occur. Foams have different applications that are been utilised in their different forms. Defoamers are substances that... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Cuttings transportation during in non-vertical boreholes is necessary for oil and gas wells. Adequate cuttings removal from a well in drilling is critical for cost-effective drilling as high annular cuttings buildup often leads to high risk of stuck pipe, reduced rate of penetration and other impediments to standard drilling and... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Reservoir development planning and well placement significantly affect hydrocarbon recovery. Therefore, strategic well placement and development techniques are essential to minimize the risk of unproductive drilling and also to maximize production within the reservoir. This study presents an approach to well placement and production in a... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Techniques in Geostatistics are increasingly being used to generate reservoir models and quantify uncertainty in reservoir properties. This is achieved through the construction of multiple realizations to capture the physically significant features in the reservoir. However, only a limited number of these realizations are required for... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Hydrocarbon production in the petroleum industry is often constrained by reservoir heterogeneity, deliverability and capacity of surface facilities, also optimization technique in the petroleum industry requires execution of several iterative runs by comparing various solutions until an optimum or satisfactory solution is found. In this... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT Petroleum Fiscal System (PFS) is a major determinant of investment decision in the exploration and production of oil and gas in any country. It basically describes the profitability relationship between the host government of the producing community and the International Oil Companies (IOCs). The comparative analysis of the performance of... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT With the ever increasing need to optimize production, the accurate understanding of the mechanics of multi-phase flow and its effect on the pressure drop along the oil-well flow string is becoming more pertinent. The efficient design of gas-lift pump, electric submersible pumps, separators, flow strings and other production equipment... Continue Reading


ABSTRACT This research work mainly investigates the development and the behavior of cones (both water and gas cones) in oil reservoirs supported by strong aquifer, and from which analytical correlations are developed for quick engineering estimates of the time for water/gas cones to break into the perforations of the producing wells. The studies... Continue Reading
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