The project “effect of Training on the performance of Civil Servants was an attempt to make contribution to the ongoing debate on the Nigerian Civil Service training and productivity that has been raging since the Nigerian Third and Fourth Republics. The study isolated an important internal functional process within the civil service and investigated the extent and the general dynamics of its practice within the context of the Enugu State civil service. It focused primarily on the effect of training on the civil servants in Nigeria, using Enugu State ministry of Agriculture as point of emphasis. The primary instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. The population of the study consisted of 6563 staff of the ten ministries and departments in Enugu State Civil Service. Prominent among the findings of the research was that although the ten ministries and departments used as case study had training schools, neither the training programs nor the staff attendance to the training program were regular. The study also found out that neither the ministries nor departments saw training of their staff as an investment. Worse still, the training programs were not restructured from time to time. Based on the above findings, the study recommended that appointments into the Civil Service should be reserved for professionals only who know the value of training of staff for the growth of the organization they preside over.