THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP ON MANAEMTN OF AN ORGANIZATION

(Business Administration and Management)

THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP ON MANAEMTN OF AN ORGANIZATION

(A CASE STUD OF IMT)

 ABSTRACT

            This research work was on a study of the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goals especially in the institution of management and technology, Enugu. The research work also looked at the roles played by the effective leadership in the achievement of IMT goals. Both primary and secondary data were collected to solve the research problem.

The population of study was comprised the IMT management and staffs/personnels. The research instruments used for data collected were both primary and secondary data i.e. questionnaires, interview and personal observations.

Tables and percentages were used in presentation and analysis of data collected.

Based on the data analysis, the researcher came up with the following findings, it was observed that social, political and economic factors were responsible for the inability of most effective leadership towards achieving organizational goals.

It was also observed that the role of effective leadership has succeeded in eradicating low quality standard of education and other social ill. Arresting the institution such as cultism etc. the study also revealed that the roles of effective leadership are not very effective and efficient in the achievement of organizational goals.

Based on the above findings, recommendations were made among which is that adequate incentives package should be provided by the government for the best leaders in our institutions/organizations for his or her excellence in the discharge of his or her duties and in achieving he institutional goals.

In conclusion, the researcher believes that the roles of effective leadership would be improved in order to create impact towards the achievement of organizational goals. The researcher, to embark on fresh research study using a larger population and sample size for better generation of results obtained further suggested it.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE:

0.0              Introduction                                                                          

1.1       Background of the study                                                                   

1.2              Statement of the problem                                                                  

1.3              Purpose of the study                                                              

1.4              Scope of study                                                                                   

1.5              Research question                                                                              

1.6              Significance of the study                                                                   

1.7              Limitation of the study                                                                      

1.8              Definition of terms                                                                            

CHAPTER TWO

Review of related literature                                                                           

2.1       nature of leadership                                                                           

2.2              Leadership approaches                                                                       

2.3              Effectiveness of leadership                                                                

2.4              System problem in leadership and its environment               

2.5              Leadership style in I.M.T / I.M.T organization                                              

CHAPTER THREE

Research Design and methodology                                                   

3.1       Research design                                                                                 

3.2              Area of the study                                                                               

3.3              Population of the study                                                                     

3.4              Sample and sampling technique                                                         

3.5              Instrument used for data collection                                       

3.6              Method of data collection                                                                 

3.7              Method of data analysis                                                                    

CHAPTER FOUR

Data presentation and analysis                                                                      

4.1       Presentation and analysis of data                                                      

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1              Findings, recommendation and conclusions                          

5.2              Finding                                                                                               

5.3              Implication(s) of the research findings                                              

5.4              Recommendation(s)                                                                                       

5.5              Suggestion for further research                                                          

Bibliography                                                                          

Appendix I                                                                                         

Appendix ii                                                                                        

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0              INTRODUCTION

This research work is based on the evaluation of roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goals and objectives, particularly in the institute of management and technology, (I.M.T), Enugu.

To make the reader get a clearer picture of the topic, this project work has been divided into five parts. The first chapter, delved more on the background of the research study, the statement of the problems, the purpose of the study, scope, research questions which will provide answers to the research hypothesis that will be tested in chapter four. The need for the study and the various problems that poses the researcher in the course of executing this research work.

The chapter two of this work deals extensively on the various materials, books, journals and newspapers that deal more on the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goal.

The chapter three deals more on the research design and methodology of this research work.

The chapter four consist of presentation and analysis of data gotten form the respondents while the cast chapter, which is chapter five deals on the discussion, recommendation and conclusion of this research work.

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

            An effective leadership has been widely acknowledged as a potent instrument for achieving organizational goals and objectives especially in the institute f management and technology (I.M.T), Enugu.

            Leadership is an important aspect of managing. The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to be an effective manager. The essence of leadership of is follower-ship. In other-words, it is the willingness of people to follow those whom they perceive as providing means of achieving their own desires, wants and needs not those who would not provide means of achieving their own desires, wants needs. That is why any organization that desires to achieve her objectives must have an effective and efficient leadership who knows how to apply all the management principles towards achieving her organizational goals. The leaders must be one who is willing to work with zeal and confidence. Zeal here reflects ardor, earnestness, and intensity in the execution of work and confidence reflects experience and technical ability. To lead is to guide, conduct direct and connivance others to do they want toward achieving organizational goal. Leaders should not be people who do not stand behind a group or organization to push and to prod but leaders should act to help a group achieve objectives with the maximum application of it’s capabilities.

            This is kind of leadership we desire to have in our institution, especially in the institute on management and technology.

            Furthermore, it should be noted that any organization without an effective and efficient leadership is like one driving a car without a headlamp in the night.  This could be very dangerous and could also affect their chances of achieving their objectives. Most of the organizations that do not realize their goals could be attributed to inefficient and ineffective leadership.

For an institution like IMT, to realize all her laudable organizational goals and objectives should have an effective leadership who possesses all the qualities and characteristics traits.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

            The institute of management and technology IMT, Enugu has been one of he leading higher institution in Enugu state and in Nigeria today in terms of enhancing qualitative and quantitative education in both management and technology. One of he objectives is the integration of the individual with the society and the preparation of individuals for effective functions in the society.

            To this regard, there have been concerted efforts made by both the federal and state government and even the governing council in IMT, in enhancement of the roles of the effective leadership in the achievement of her institution’s goals and objectives.

            But in spite of all the efforts being made by these bodies, most higher institutions are still experiencing various problems in the attainment of their goals particularly in IMT. There is relatively low level in the standard of education, problems of incessant strike actions and school and closure, general laxity among staffs and the union leaders. Mismanagement of funds by those the helms of affairs, there is relatively low level of productivity as most personnel are not putting in their best, poor planning and implementation, poor institutional relations between the management and their subordinates. As this will never bring fruitful result in the achievement or organizational goal especially in IMT.

            Therefore, the objective of this institute in this regard has not been comprehensively met.  One can therefore safely assume that when one had passed through an institution like IMT, one will be well equipped or prepared for participatory and leadership roles in the development of the Nigeria society. This gives rise to the following pertinent questions as regards to the above mentioned problems. What goals are they expected to pursue? What impact would their roles have on the employee’s utilization of capability? What leadership styles and the best climate would enable them achieve the institution’s objective? What other possible ways would be recommended towards the realization of these goals and objectives?

1.3       PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

From all that have been said and written above, it is the purpose of this study to take a closer look on the roles of effective leadership towards achieving organization goals and objectives particularly in I.M.T. Therefore, the following objective forms the basis of this research study.

i.                    To study the roles of effective leadership in IMT, Enugu.

ii.                  To study the climate under which an effective leadership will thrive.

iii.                To study the relationship existing between the institution leaders and management their subordinates.

iv.                To identify the institutional problems that  would hinder the roles of effective leadership in achieving the institutional laudable goals

v.                  To study the styles of leadership existing in MT.

vi.                To study whether the students and employees are satisfied or dissatisfied with the roles of effective leadership towards achieving organizational goals particularly in IMT.

vii.              Finally, to formulate policies and make recommendations that would be more effective and efficient for effective leadership in I.M.T.

1.4              SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This geographical coverage of this study is limited to Enugu area especially in the institute of management and technology I.M.T, Enugu. The study shall review the roles of effective leadership towards the achievement of organizational goals. The research study is also evaluated to see the effectiveness of the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goals especially in I.M.T, Enugu.

1.5              RESEARCH QUESTION

To solve the research problems, the researcher has asked the following questions:

i.                    Which leadership style in most preferred in the institute of management and technology Enugu?

ii.                  Has the role of effective leadership any impact on the employee’s utilization of capability?

iii.                Have they made any contribution towards achieving organizational goals?

iv.                Has environmental factor affected the roles of effective leadership towards achieving organizational goals?

v.                  Are their roles very effective and efficient in their achievement of organizational goals?

1.6              SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research study is very timely, especially today that all hands are on deck to enhance the development and growth of education in our tertiary institution and nation wide. This study will be of immense benefit to other business enterprises both public sector and private sectors on how to determine the best leadership style to adopt towards achieving her enterprise’s goals and objectives. In addition, the study will determine the factors or problems limiting the attainment of organizational goals. It is expected that the findings will help to bridge any gap that exist and that exist and to make our tertiary institutions and other sectors adopt the best leadership style aimed at achieving he laudable objectives. It is necessary to investigate the roles of effective leadership in achievement of an organizational goals and to evaluate their effectiveness especially today that we talk of granting her autonomy in handling her own affairs.

It seems a lot of problems are being encountered that makes the roles foe effective leadership not productive or viable.

This study will determine why most of effective leadership does not achieve their goals in their organizational.

Business organization like IMT, Enugu must achieve her corporate objectives in order to justify her existence. This cannot be possible without the roles of effective leadership. Through this investigation every effective leadership in any organization will understand their shortcomings or weak-points and will subsequently adopt measures aimed at enhancing their goals in achieving their organizational goals. The government will be in the position to adopt the proper leadership style that will enhance the roles of effective leadership style that will enhance the roles of effective leadership towards the achievement of organizational goals particularly in I.M.T, Enugu. 

1.8       DEFINITION OF TERMS

Leadership:

This is generally defined as influence, the art of influencing people that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.

Effectiveness:

            This refers to the extent to which out put is in line with organizational objectives.

Efficiency:

            This is defined as fitness of or power to accomplish the purpose intended, it also describes the relationship between resources consumed in the process of generating effective output and output so produced.

Objectives:

            This is the end towards which activities are aimed.

Organization:

            It is a combination off people or individual effort working together in pursuit of certain common purposes called organizational goals.

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