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QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF DRINKING WATER SOURCES (STUDY OF OLOWOTEDO COMMUNITY, OGUN STATE)

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  • Pages:65
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Civil Engineering Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT


The study aimed to assess the quality of drinking water in Olowotedo community of Ogun state, Nigeria. Five samples were taken from different sources (wells, borehole, tap and sachet water) were analyzed, Selection of water samples was carried out using proportionate allocation, equal allocation, simple random sampling  and systematic sampling methods depending on the stage. The water  quality parameters examined and their results for all the five water samples were; colour having 0.0TCU, taste and odour were absent, temperature was 24.7oC, 26.2oC, 25.6oC, 25.5oC and 25.7oC respectively, turbidity was 0.0NTu, sulphate was 0.0ppm, Ph was 7.42, 7.24, 7.75, 8.15 and 8.55 respectively, hardness was >150ppm, nitrate was >10mg/L, >10mg/L, >3.4mg/L, >1.94mg/L and >1.0mg/L respectively, iron was 1.65mg/L, 0.25mg/L, 1.5mg/L, 1.85mg/L and 1.7mg/L respectively, chloride was 62ppm, 15ppm, 50ppm, 60ppm and 65ppm respectively, resistivity was-1 , conductivity was 246, 223, 362, 400 and 400 respectively, salinity was 400, TDS was 144.8mg/L, 142.4/L, 219mg/L, 116.7mg/L and 114.8mg/L respectively, coliform and E-coli were only present in one of the five samples.

Finally, there is an urgent need to improve on the quality of drinking water in Olowotedo town coupled with mass health education to the community.

 TABLE OF CONTENTS


Title page

Declaration ii 

Certification iii

Acknowledgement iv Abstract v

Table of Content vi

List of Figures viii

List of Tables ix

List of Plates x

Acronyms xi


CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background 1

1.2 Problem Statement 5

1.3 Significance for the Study 6

1.4 Aim and Objectives 6

1.5 Limitation 7


CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Sources of Water Supply 8

2.2 Properties of Water 9

2.3 Quality of Drinking Water and Drinking Water Quality Guideline 9

2.4 Water Pollution / Contamination 14

2.5 Water Treatment 16


CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

3.1 Study Area 18

3.2 Study Design 20

3.3 Study Population 20

3.4 Sample Size Determination 20

3.5 Procedure 23

3.5.1 PH 23

3.5.2 Turbidity 24

3.5.3 Color 24

3.5.4 Total dissolved solids 24

3.5.5 Chlorides 24

3.5.6 Residual chlorine 25

3.5.7 Nitrates/Nitrite 25

3.5.8 Fluorides 26

3.5.9 Iron 26

3.5.10 Faecal coliform and Total coliform counts 26

3.6    Data Analysis 26


CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

4.1 Background 28

4.2 Laboratory Analysis of quality Drinking water 28

4.2.1 Laboratory Analysis of Physical Quality of Water 34

4.2.2 Laboratory Analysis of chemical quality of water 36

4.2.3 Laboratory Analysis of Bacteriological Quality of Water 38

4.3. Comparison of quality of water of differences sources 38

4.4 Discussion 41


CHAPTER FIVE

5.2 Conclusion 44

5.3 Recommendations 44


REFERENCES 46


APPENDICES 48

QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF DRINKING WATER SOURCES (STUDY OF OLOWOTEDO COMMUNITY, OGUN STATE)

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Details

Type Project
Department Civil Engineering
Project ID CVE0106
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 65 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Civil Engineering
    Project ID CVE0106
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 65 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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