+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

CONCEPT OF ENERGY GAP IN SUPERCONDUCTORS

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:56
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Physics Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

The concept of Superconductors in relation to energy gap was considered in this study. The occurrence of the Meissner effect indicates that superconductivity cannot be understood simply as the idealization of perfect conductivity in classical physics. The major aim of this project is to study the concept of energy gap in super conductors other objectives of this study are to appraise the rate of superconductivity for energy gaps and to appraise the effectiveness of energy gap in superconductors. Superconductivity can be seen as a complete disappearance of electrical resistance in various solids when they are cooled below a characteristic temperatureThe use of superconductors in magnets is limited by the fact that strong magnetic fields above a certain critical value cause a superconductor to revert to its normal, or non superconducting state. The theory of superconductivity has been tested in a wide range of experiments, involving, for example, ultrasonic absorption studies, nuclear-spin phenomena, low-frequency infrared absorption, and electron-tunneling experiments. In conclusion, superconductor energy gaps arise from changes in system entropy between the superconductor and the normal conductor in the phase transition and the ratio of the superconductor energy gap to the superconductor critical temperature depends upon the chemical structure of superconductor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS







Title Page                                                                                                                                           i

Declaration                                                                                                                                        ii

Certification                                                                                                                                       iii

Dedication                                                                                                                                          iv

Acknowledgement                                                                                                                             v

Table of Contents                                                                                                                              vi

List of Tables                                                                                                                                     viii

Abstract                                                                                                                                             ix


CHAPTER ONE

1.0    Introduction                                                                                                                               1

1.1    Background of the Study                                                                                                          1

1.2    Statement of the Problem                                                                                         2

1.3    Aims and Objectives of the Study                                                                                            2

1.4    Scope of the Study                                                                                                                    2




CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Definition of Terms                                                                                                                   4

2.2    Theoretical Framework                                                                                                              7

2.3    Previous Works on Superconductors                                                                                         7

2.4    Uniqueness of Superconductors                                                                                                10

2.4.1 Basic properties of Superconductors                                                                                         10

2.4.2 Thermal properties of Superconductors                                                                                     18

2.5    Classification of Superconductors                                                                                             22


CHAPTER THREE

3.1    Failure


of Classical Mechanics on Superconductivity                                                               24

3.1.1 Wave Mechanics: The Wave Equation                                                                                      24

3.2    Quantum Mechanical Explanation of Superconductivity                                                          27


CHAPTER FOUR

4.1    Fermi-Dirac Statistical Distribution at Low Temperature                                                         34

4.1.1    The Fermi–Dirac Distribution                                                                                                 34

4.1.2    Fermi-Dirac Details                                                                                                                 36

4.2       Effect of Fermi-Dirac Statistical Distribution on Superconductivity Resistance                   38




CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

5.1       Summary                                                                                                                                 40

5.2       Conclusion                                                                                                                              40


REFERENCES

CONCEPT OF ENERGY GAP IN SUPERCONDUCTORS

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Physics
Project ID PHY0030
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 56 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Physics
    Project ID PHY0030
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 56 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    The energy generation and power consuming loads at Brass LNG facility located in Brass Island, Bayelsa State Nigeria were analyzed and compared with expected demand changes and means of minimizing cost and greenhouse gas emission were also proffered with wind and solar energy penetration into the overall power mix . The wind and solar hybrid power... Continue Reading
    An energy audit on the Brass Liquified Natural Gas plant at Brass Island former Agip facility was carried. The average offshore windspeed and wave return periods for 12months  were measured for their wind and wave energy potentials. Also,  the solar insolation for the location was collected for a 12month period. A pilot design based on... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Biology is basic for understanding the complexities of life. This aspect of science for example, genetically making significant contribution such as genetically modified foods to many of the inventions that are shaping modern day, and has helped to explain many of the events being encountered in everyday life for example. Despite its... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Hydrogen is an energy carrier that can transform our fossil fuel dependent economy into a hydrogen economy; t can provide an emission free transportation fuel. Hydrogen has the highest combustion energy per batter relative to any other fuel. It is more efficient on a weight basis than fuels used currently. It offers 2-3 times more energy... Continue Reading
    Abstract This research work examined and compares the physicochemical properties and some chemical constituents of selected energy drinks. Fourteen (14) brands of energy drinks samples consisting eleven (11) liquid and three (3) powdered forms were randomly purchased. All samples were analyzed for their physicochemical properties (pH, turbidity,... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The work presented in this thesis explored the potential of using a mix of renewable energy resources (hybrid power systems, HPSs) to generate electricity that meets power needs of mobile base stations at rural areas in Nigeria. The study was based on theoretical mathematical modeling and simulation using the hybrid optimization model for... Continue Reading
    There is a crucial need in the mainland regions of Nigeria to enhance the development of wind technology and engineering, which is essential for the designing of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). The Weibull Probability Density Function (PDF) with two parameters is widely accepted and commonly utilized for modelling, characterizing and... Continue Reading
    The aim of the project is to design a renewable energy system that can meet the current and projected electricity demands for the island of Great Cumbrae. This should be achieved by providing a stable electricity output and the meet the calculated total annual base load supply of 11.29 GWh. In addition to providing a stable supply of electricity,... Continue Reading
    INTRODUCTION One of the many problems facing the business community has been the problem of integrating the objectives of the employees with that of the organization for the achievement of the organization objectives. Even when such integration has been made there should be a dear method or system of measurement of the contribution of employees to... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This work is concerned with the features, analysis and design of a stand-alone solar energy based power supply with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme. The features and operations of various types of solar cells and panels and the performance characteristics under varying temperature and irradiance conditions are studied.... Continue Reading