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Bio-Chemistry Project Topics with available Materials

The presence study aimed to investigate the phytochemical and heavy metals level in selected vegetables grown in Kalambaina area ,the phytochemical were determined using analytical methods and the heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cr and Cu) concentration in vegetables and water were determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The study... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0166
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Exposure to environmental toxicant was known to cause neuronal disorders in humans. Hence, the present study evaluates the toxic effect of leachate (an environmental toxicant) in the synaptosomes of female rats and the reversal effect of phenolic-rich fraction from Croton zambesicus. Fifty animals were divided into five groups. Group I... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0165
  • Pages:92
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Exposure to environmental toxicant was known to cause neuronal disorders in humans. Hence, the present study evaluates the toxic effect of leachate (an environmental toxicant) in the synaptosomes of female rats and the reversal effect of phenolic-rich fraction from Croton zambesicus. Fifty animals were divided into five groups. Group I... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0164
  • Pages:92
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Phytochemical and Proximate analyses of two samples of Aloe vera from variable habitats (highland and lowland) of Sokoto metropolis were accessed. Phytochemical and proximate compositions of highland sample were 8.16mg/100g of Saponin, 3.40mg/100g of Glycoside, 1.80mg/100g of Alkaloid and 2.50mg/100g of Anthraquinone. Proximate... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0163
  • Pages:56
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study focused on the comparative study of the phytochemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and seed oil extracts of Allanblackia floribunda. The phytochemical screening revealed that both extracts contain flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids and saponins while terpenoids are absent in the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0162
  • Pages:62
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Azadirachta indica, commonly known as Neem, has attracted worldwide prominence in recent years as a cynosure of modern medicine owing to its wide range of medicinal properties. This study was carried out to investigate the phytochemical properties and antioxidant activity of the multi-solvent (methanol, ethanol and hexane) extracts of the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0161
  • Pages:81
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study focused on the comparative study of the phytochemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and seed oil extracts of Allanblackia floribunda. The phytochemical screening revealed that both extracts contain flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids and saponins while terpenoids are absent in the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0160
  • Pages:62
  • Reference:YES
Abstract The immunomodulatory effect of the ethanolic leaf extract of Phyllantus amarus on wistar rats was investigated. Twenty eight (28) male animals were used for the study. The animals were divided into four (4) groups of seven (7) animals each. Group 1... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0159
  • Pages:6
  • Reference:YES
Abstract   The effect of Shea butter rich diet on gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in rats was determined. Thirty (30) male and female albino rats grouped into 6 (normal, negative, positive, 10%, 20% and 30% Shea butter rich diet groups respectively) of 5 rats each were used for the study. Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the Shea... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0158
  • Pages:61
  • Reference:YES
The work was aimed at investigating the effect of Cocus nucifera on male albino rats. A number of rats were placed in groups and all groups were fed Cocus nucifera except one group, the control group. Analysis of results was done with ANOVA.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0157
  • Pages:41
  • Reference:YES
TABLES OF CONTENT TITLE PAGE i CERTIFICATION ii DEDICATION iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IV TABLES OF CONTENT V ABSTRACT VI CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 LITERATURE REVIEW 1.2 THE LIVER 1.2.1 CARBON TETRACHLORIDE 1.3.0 LIVER FUNCTION TEST 1.3.1 TOTAL CHOLESTEROL 1.3.6 FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER 1.6.0 LIPID PEROXIDATION 1.8.2 BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF DENNETIA... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0156
  • Pages:95
  • Reference:YES
TABLES OF CONTENT TITLE PAGE i CERTIFICATION ii DEDICATION iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IV TABLES OF CONTENT V ABSTRACT VI CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 LITERATURE REVIEW 1.2 THE LIVER 1.2.1 CARBON TETRACHLORIDE 1.3.0 LIVER FUNCTION TEST 1.3.1 TOTAL CHOLESTEROL 1.3.6 FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER 1.6.0 LIPID PEROXIDATION 1.8.2 BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION OF DENNETIA... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0155
  • Pages:95
  • Reference:YES
TITLE PAGE THE EFFECT OF HYDROALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF AFRAMOMUM MELEGUETA ON SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE ACTIVITY IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC WISTAR ALBINO RATS BY EBELEME   EBENEZER NAU/ 2012474175 SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY FACULTY OF BIOSCIENCES IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF A BACHELOR OF SCIENCE... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0154
  • Pages:50
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Cola nitida has been in use in the eastern parts of Nigeria for the management of certain ailments and as an aphrodisiac in the management of some sexual dysfunctions. However the effects of this extract in some health parameters in human objects have not been reported. This work, then, was aimed at investigating the effect of water... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0151
  • Pages:36
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants (Ryan & Majno, 1983). The urgency generated by increased rate of stroke, atherosclerosis attribute due to prolonged use of cyclooxygenase-1 and Cyclooxygenase- 2 inhibitors have accelerated anti-inflammatory... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0150
  • Pages:87
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study was on oxidative stress status of rat fed with Pentraclethra macrophylla, otherwise known as African oil bean seed oil in English or Ugba in Igbo. Sixteen male rats were distributed into four groups. 1 (control), then group 2, 3, and 4 as test groups. They were fed with their formulated meal (5%, 10%, 20% inclussions) for 28... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0149
  • Pages:39
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants. The urgency generated by in increased rate of stroke, atheroselerosis attributed to prolong use of cyclooxygenase-1 and 2 inhibitors have acceralated anti-inflammatory drug research over the last decade while... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0148
  • Pages:75
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Elemental analysis is the qualitative detection and quantitative determination of chemical elements(atoms,ions)in a sample(Fritz Pregl 1923). To detect an element, one should fix an appearance of an analytical signal. The formation of precipitate or characteristic crystals, colour change, an isolation of gaseous products, an appearance of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0147
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated 'the effects of processing methods on the physico-chemical properties of sweet potato and sorghum flour'. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important food crop in the tropical and sub-tropical countries and belongs to the family convolvulaceae. Sweet potatoes are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, and anti... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0146
  • Pages:81
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%) were prepared. Ten volunteers were gathered for the sensory evaluation in this case tasting of the solution, the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0145
  • Pages:46
  • Reference:YES
ABTRACT This study evaluates the cardio protactive effect of N-hexane extract of Desmodium Velutinum stem on albino wister rat. Rats used in this study were grouped into four and each group was fed differentely. Rats in group one, three, and four wre fed with the aid of a syringe without needle with 6ml of the lipoprotein food mixture containing... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0144
  • Pages:50
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated the antilipidemic activity of water extracts from leaves of Desmodium velutinum on albino wistar rats. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract showed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, soluble carbohydrates, flavonoids, reducing sugar, steroids, cyanide and terpenoids. The animals were treated with... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0143
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Cola nitida has been in use in the eastern parts of Nigeria for the management of certain ailments and as an aphrodisiac in the management of some sexual dysfunctions. However the effects of this extract in some health parameters in human objects have not been reported. This work, then, was aimed at investigating the effect of water... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0142
  • Pages:36
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants (Ryan & Majno, 1983). The urgency generated by increased rate of stroke, atherosclerosis attribute due to prolonged use of cyclooxygenase-1 and Cyclooxygenase- 2 inhibitors have accelerated anti-inflammatory... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0141
  • Pages:87
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study was on oxidative stress status of rat fed with Pentraclethra macrophylla, otherwise known as African oil bean seed oil in English or Ugba in Igbo. Sixteen male rats were distributed into four groups. 1 (control), then group 2, 3, and 4 as test groups. They were fed with their formulated meal (5%, 10%, 20% inclussions) for 28... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0140
  • Pages:39
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants. The urgency generated by in increased rate of stroke, atheroselerosis attributed to prolong use of cyclooxygenase-1 and 2 inhibitors have acceralated anti-inflammatory drug research over the last decade while... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0139
  • Pages:75
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Elemental analysis is the qualitative detection and quantitative determination of chemical elements(atoms,ions)in a sample(Fritz Pregl 1923). To detect an element, one should fix an appearance of an analytical signal. The formation of precipitate or characteristic crystals, colour change, an isolation of gaseous products, an appearance of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0138
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated 'the effects of processing methods on the physico-chemical properties of sweet potato and sorghum flour'. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important food crop in the tropical and sub-tropical countries and belongs to the family convolvulaceae. Sweet potatoes are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, and anti... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0137
  • Pages:81
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%) were prepared. Ten volunteers were gathered for the sensory evaluation in this case tasting of the solution, the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0136
  • Pages:46
  • Reference:YES
ABTRACT This study evaluates the cardio protactive effect of N-hexane extract of Desmodium Velutinum stem on albino wister rat. Rats used in this study were grouped into four and each group was fed differentely. Rats in group one, three, and four wre fed with the aid of a syringe without needle with 6ml of the lipoprotein food mixture containing... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0135
  • Pages:50
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated the antilipidemic activity of water extracts from leaves of Desmodium velutinum on albino wistar rats. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract showed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, soluble carbohydrates, flavonoids, reducing sugar, steroids, cyanide and terpenoids. The animals were treated with... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0134
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
water supply and sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized municipal councils under the previous local government ministry. as part of a general mov... Water Treatment And Purification Process: A Case... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0133
  • Pages:45
  • Reference:YES
water supply and sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized municipal councils under the previous local government ministry. as part of a general mov... Water Treatment And Purification Process: A Case... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0132
  • Pages:45
  • Reference:YES
INTRODUCTION This is a Biotechnology project on study of Physio chemical and Qualitative traits on some Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa) . Rice is the world’s most important food crop and a major source of food for more than half the world’s population. Rice could be a staple food for simple fraction of the population within the world. Rice could... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0131
  • Pages:42
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The inability of an organism to efficiently remove excess waste from the body have been a major issues attached to acute kidney injury (AKI) which is the most common cause of organ dysfunction. Oleanolic acid and rutin which are from the families of saponin and flavonoid respectively have been discovered to possess certain biological... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0130
  • Pages:94
  • Reference:YES
  ABSTRACT The students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) is a skill impacting program designed to expose and prepare students of universities and other tertiary institutions for the industrial work situation that may be encountered after school. My SIWES program was undertaken at Nigeria Bottling Company limited, Asejire plant, Ibadan; a... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0129
  • Pages:80
  • Reference:YES
Phaseolus vulgaris, Common Bean is a herbaceous annual plant grown worldwide for its edible dry seed (known as just 'beans') or unripe fruit (green beans) and a member of the legume family Fabaceae.  They are quite popular amongst the natives because of its high protein, minerals and vitamins content (Gentry et al., 1999). The use of a wide range... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0128
  • Pages:48
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to improve the Cold Water Solubility (CWS) and esterification activity of Native cassava Starch (NS) by pretreatment using NaOH (Sodium hydroxide) aqueous solution. The influence of pretreatment on granule shape and crystal structure of cassava starch was investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0127
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
Methanol extract of Gloriosa superba in this research was adopted due to the presence of photochemicals present in the plant. This photochemicals are known to act as antioxidants and anti tumor agent but it is not yet known if the activity of the plant is through the mitochondria mediated pathway, caspase activation and induction of apoptosis... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0126
  • Pages:126
  • Reference:YES
Activation of caspase 3&9 by methanol extract of Gloriosa superba  ABSTRACT Mitochondrion is the key regulator in cellular energy homeostasis and plays a central role in determining cell apoptotic process; it is therefore regarded as a vital target for cancer chemotherapy.   Cancer is obviously one of the most common areas where demand for... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0125
  • Pages:126
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT  Evidences have implicated free radicals or reactive oxygen species in mercuric chloride-induced nephrotoxicity. Diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2, a simple and stable organoselenium compound, has been proposed as a good candidate for pharmacological and therapeutic purposes. This particular study was designed to investigate the protective... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0124
  • Pages:77
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Several plants have been used in the treatment of various disorders without scientific basis. The present study examine the pancreatic effect of Buchholzia coriacea formulated diet in sucrose-fed pregnant rats and their offspring. Buchholzia coriacea seeds were obtained from Ogbete main market, Enugu state, identified, dried and grounded... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0123
  • Pages:46
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Consumption of green tea ( Camellia sinensis ) may provide protection against chronic diseases, including cancer. Green tea polyphenols are believed to be responsible for this cancer preventive effect, and the antioxidant activity of the green tea polyphenols has been implicated as a potential mechanism. This hypothesis has been difficult... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0122
  • Pages:30
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Vegetables has been an integral part of day to day diet for so many people in Kenya. It is used in the form of raw fruits, dried, powdered or cooked vegetables. This is a research that addresses this way of living to act as a precaution towards making the food healthier. It is with a significantconcentration in Kenyatta market than... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0121
  • Pages:44
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Coconut water is a natural nutritious beverage that contains several biologically active compounds. This study was set up to evaluate the antioxidant potential of coconut water. Twenty five adult male albino rats, used in this work, were grouped into five (A, B, C, D and E), of five rats per group. Groups A, B, C and D were administered... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0120
  • Pages:88
  • Reference:YES
The overall objective of this study is to scientifically evaluate the claimed fertility enhancing potential and to assess the metabolic effect of the ethanolic extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum pierre (Menispermaceae) root using male wistar rats as model. The specific objectives include the following · To determine the proximate and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0119
  • Pages:144
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT  The place of adequate nutrition in the live of the young especially in the recently weaned cannot be overemphasized. The abrupt change in diet, leading to possible immune system weakness and disease conditions, is a focal point in the care of the young. This project examined serum globulin and bilirubin levels in weanling rats whose... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0118
  • Pages:45
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The option of using microbes in the remediation of polluted sited have received wide acceptance due to its sustainability and environmental friendliness. This study is aimed at using the kinetic parameters (Vmax and Km) to assess the effect of organic and inorganic nitrogen sources on the performance of Pseudomonas sp., during the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0117
  • Pages:10
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The ethanolic leaves extracts of Hymenocardia acida was screened for anti-diabetic activity based on folklore and little or no work cited in literature. Hymenocardia acida (Family: Hymenocardiaceae) has a very high anti-diabetic potentials which appeared comparable to the control glibenclamide in alloxan induced diabetes mellitus. The... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0116
  • Pages:53
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Twenty-two healthy albino mice were grouped into A, B, C, D, and E. Group A had six mice while groups B – E had four mice each. The mice were infected with Plasmodium berghei and the methanol extract of the leaves of Adansonia digitata was obtained by maceration extraction method. Phytochemical screening of the plant extract revealed... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0115
  • Pages:47
  • Reference:YES
TABLEOFCONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS................................................................................................V LISTOFTABLES..........................................................................................................XIII... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0114
  • Pages:276
  • Reference:YES
In Africa traditional studies have shown that herbal medicine proves to be one of the best forms of treatment mensure to preventing or managing a disease condition. Sida coryembosa is a plant gotten from the eastern part of Nigeria Nnewe north to be precise and certain claims and attributes has been said about the plant in wound healing and a... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0113
  • Pages:36
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Malaria is a significant public health problem in the world especially in in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the key contributory factors to the development and progression of malaria and its complications is oxidative stress, a condition characterized by increased production of free radicals or impaired antioxidant defence system.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0112
  • Pages:75
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research was conducted to determine the concentrations of heavy metals and proximate composition of different cereals (maize, millet and rice). Two different samples each sold in two different markets (Ogbete and Gariki) in Enugu, were used for this work, using atomic, absorption spectrophotometer. The heavy metal screening of the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0111
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Diabetic mellitus is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion , insulin action or both . The deficiency of insulin leads to chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate , fats and protein metabolism . Kigelia Africana is a sausage tree known to have medicinal values. The aim of this work is to evaluate... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0110
  • Pages:56
  • Reference:YES
Citrullus lanatus is medicinal plants believed to have many agents acting in different ways for the health benefits of human. This study investigated the acute phytochemical contents and effect of the methanol extract on weight changes, relative organ weight, hematological parameters and biomarkers of prostate dysfunction. The result indicated the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0109
  • Pages:71
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT: Research and reviews are continually being carried out in order to discover cheaper and abundant plant sources of bioactive components which exhibit pharmacognostic and biochemical effects.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0108
  • Pages:94
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Kidney function parameters were evaluated in plasmodium berghei infected mice treated with crude methanol extracts of Azadirachta indica leaves in this study. A total of forty (40) male albino mice inoculated with quinine resistant strains of plasmodium berghei were randomized into nine (9) groups of (4) animals each while four additional... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0107
  • Pages:75
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Nutritional and antinutritional content of ingredient used in preparing dambu were determined by proximate composition, vitamins, minerals and antinutritional contents analysis. Maize and Moringa flowers were used as the experimental samples and the work was conducted in triplicate which resulted in obtaining the experimental result in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0106
  • Pages:61
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Soft drinks are consumed daily in Nigeria due to their characteristic taste, palatability, affordability and thirst quenching potential. This study quantifies the amount of electrolytes of Biochemical significance in selected soft drinks sold in Port Harcourt and their pH values. The samples included six frequently consumed soft drinks;... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0105
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents pages Cover page i Declaration ii Certification iii Dedication iv Acknowledgement v Abstract vi Table of content List of Figures List of Plates List of Tables CHAPTER ONE Itroduction 1 1.1 Justification 3 1.2 Objectives 4 1.3 Aim CHAPTER TWO Literature Review 2.1 Pesticide 2.1.1 Uses of pesticides 2.1.2 Types of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0104
  • Pages:134
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The consumption of the popular beverage coffee, increases day by day. However, upcoming brands of coffee with health benefits made by claims of the product ignites curiosity in the components of the coffee. The current study deals with the phytochemical analysis, antioxidant capacity and proximate analysis of Liven Alkaline Coffee,... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0103
  • Pages:81
  • Reference:YES
Effect of Chrysophyllum albidum pulp varieties on biochemical parameters was investigated using albino rat model. Thirty male Albino rats were divided into five groups of six rats each. A group served as the control while four groups served as the test groups A, B, C and D. Test groups A and B were placed on 5% and 25% respectively compounded feed... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0102
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Musa paradisiaca is mainly grownin the tropical and subtropical countries and widely used for its nutritionalvalues all over the world. The fruit as well as the peels and leaves are usedto treat different diseases in human in traditional medicine. This studypresents the mineral compositions and antifungal activity of ethanol extract of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0101
  • Pages:20
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was done to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among cattle in Owerri, Imo State. A total of twenty four (24) samples were collected which were cultured on appropriate bacteriological media. The Staphylococcus aureus isolates were identified by standard biochemical tests. Antibiotic susceptibility... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0100
  • Pages:60
  • Reference:YES
The presence study aimed to investigate the phytochemical and heavy metals level in selected vegetables grown in Kalambaina area ,the phytochemical were determined using analytical methods and the heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cr and Cu) concentration in vegetables and water were determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The study... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0099
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The Anatomy of this project write-up encompasses the ordinary look of enzymes as organic molecules; rather it sheds more light into the comprehensive view and determination of the catalytic and specific activity enzymes particularly-DIASTASE, MALTASE and zymase can exploit in industrial application, also critically important is the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0098
  • Pages:39
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Phytochemical and proximate analyses were carried out on leafy stem and flower head extract of Centaurea praecox grown in Sokoto, using standard methods. The result of phytochemical analysis shows that the flower head contain 1.67mg/100g Alkaloid, 2.50mg/100 saponins, 5.20mg/100g flavonoid, 4.07mg/100g Steroid. The proximate analyses... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0097
  • Pages:77
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Comparative assessment of the phytochemical content and antioxidant potential of Azadirachta indica (neem) and Parquetina nigrescens (bullock) is the aim of this study. In order to achieve this, both plants were harvested from the botanical garden, University of Ibadan. The leaves were removed from the stem, washed with running water to... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0096
  • Pages:130
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Water is colourless, tasteless, and odorless substance that is essential to all form of life. (The Anglo-Saxon and low German Word, Water (1993). According shittu etal, (2008) water is vital to our existence in life and its importance in our daily life makes it imperative that through microbiological and physiochemical examination be... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0095
  • Pages:40
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The demand for cocoa beans is growing immensely in the world today due to the increasing consumption of cocoa butter, syrups, pastes and all kinds of chocolates, resulting in the rising of price of beans, which in term encouraging the farmers to increasing their productivity. The cocoa beans used in this project work were obtained from... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0094
  • Pages:47
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Crateva adansonii is a medicinal herb commonly used in parts of Africa because of the side effects of Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAID), like heart diseases and kidney failure. Inflammation is a major public heart issue in the world but treatment is becoming complex because of the side effects of anti-inflammatory... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0093
  • Pages:45
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Kola bark extract have been widely used in tradition medicine for thousand of year, it improves liver functions and provides protection against high fat fed metabolic rats. Present investigations were carried out on the hepatoprotective role of Kola bark extract meal treatment to high fat fed wistar rat. Healthy adult male wistar rats... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0092
  • Pages:56
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burantashi extract on liver enzymes of albino male and female whistar rats. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Nigeria,mostly found in the northern part of the Nigeria. Liver Enzymes are those enzymes that plays important role in the liver both in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0091
  • Pages:98
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Present investigations were carried out on the effect of ethanol extract of Desmodium velutinum stem on some liver enzymes of albino wistar rats fed with high fat from cow‟s brain. Twelve healthy albino wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group I rats were fed with balanced diet (normal feed, that is grower‟s mash) and tap... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0090
  • Pages:46
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burrantashi extracts on the lipoproteins Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (Suya) in Nigeria. Found in the northern parts of the country. Lipoproteins are the principal steroid or fat that is synthesized in the liver or intestines of animals. Erectile... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0089
  • Pages:98
  • Reference:YES
ABSRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of pterocarpus mildbreadii seed on the HDL- level of albino rats.High density lipoprotein(HDL) is a fraction of cholesterol,which helps to transport cholesterol from peripheral of cell to the liver.High density lipoprotein is carried out to investigate cardio vascular diseases.Fresh oha... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0088
  • Pages:42
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated the phytochemical and anti-inflammatory properties of methanol extract of Crateva adansonii stem bark. Although several edible and non-edible plants parts are used in inflammatory treatment, many record has been found of the use of Crateva adansonii stem bark. For this research, fresh stem bark of Crateva... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0087
  • Pages:80
  • Reference:YES
Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative neurological disease, which is characterized by the preferential death of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia Nigra. Current drug treatments are aimed primarily for the treatment of symptoms to improve the quality of life. Therefore, there is a need to find out new therapeutic strategies that not only... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0086
  • Pages:65
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Plants have long been a source of nutrition and therapy to man. The medicinal value of these plants lies in some chemical substances that produce a definite physiological action in the human body. This study evaluated the oxytocic potential of methanol extract of Sida acuta on female albino rats in vitro. Oxytocin was used as a standard... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0085
  • Pages:39
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study was on oxidative stress status of rat fed with Pentraclethra macrophylla, otherwise known as African oil bean seed oil in English or Ugba in Igbo. Sixteen male rats were distributed into four groups. 1 (control), then group 2, 3, and 4 as test groups. They were fed with their formulated meal (5%, 10%, 20% inclussions) for 28... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0084
  • Pages:50
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Cola nitida has been in use in the eastern parts of Nigeria for the management of certain ailments and as an aphrodisiac in the management of some sexual dysfunctions. However the effects of this extract in some health parameters in human objects have not been reported. This work, then, was aimed at investigating the effect of water... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0083
  • Pages:44
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of pterocarpus mildbreadii seed on the HDL- level of albino rats.High density lipoprotein(HDL) is a fraction of cholesterol,which helps to transport cholesterol from peripheral of cell to the liver.High density lipoprotein is carried out to investigate cardio vascular diseases.Fresh oha... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0082
  • Pages:53
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Present investigations were carried out on the effect of ethanol extract of Desmodium velutinum stem on some liver enzymes of albino wistar rats fed with high fat from cow‟s brain. Twelve healthy albino wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group I rats were fed with balanced diet (normal feed, that is grower‟s mash) and tap... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0081
  • Pages:57
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Crateva adansonii is a medicinal herb commonly used in parts of Africa because of the side effects of Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAID), like heart diseases and kidney failure. Inflammation is a major public heart issue in the world but treatment is becoming complex because of the side effects of anti-inflammatory... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0080
  • Pages:59
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Kola bark extract have been widely used in tradition medicine for thousand of year, it improves liver functions and provides protection against high fat fed metabolic rats. Present investigations were carried out on the hepatoprotective role of Kola bark extract meal treatment to high fat fed wistar rat. Healthy adult male wistar rats... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0079
  • Pages:47
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated the phytochemical and anti-inflammatory properties of methanol extract of Crateva adansonii stem bark. Although several edible and non-edible plants parts are used in inflammatory treatment, many record has been found of the use of Crateva adansonii stem bark. For this research, fresh stem bark of Crateva... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0078
  • Pages:88
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants. The urgency generated by in increased rate of stroke, atheroselerosis attributed to prolong use of cyclooxygenase-1 and 2 inhibitors have acceralated anti-inflammatory drug research over the last decade while... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0077
  • Pages:87
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants (Ryan & Majno, 1983). The urgency generated by increased rate of stroke, atherosclerosis attribute due to prolonged use of cyclooxygenase-1 and Cyclooxygenase- 2 inhibitors have accelerated anti-inflammatory... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0076
  • Pages:100
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Elemental analysis is the qualitative detection and quantitative determination of chemical elements(atoms,ions)in a sample(Fritz Pregl 1923). To detect element, one should fix an appearance of an analytical signal. The formation of precipitate or characteristic crystals, colour change, an isolation of gaseous products, an appearance of a... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0075
  • Pages:63
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated 'the effects of processing methods on the physico-chemical properties of sweet potato and sorghum flour'. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important food crop in the tropical and sub-tropical countries and belongs to the family convolvulaceae. Sweet potatoes are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, and anti... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0074
  • Pages:79
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%) were prepared. Ten volunteers were gathered for the sensory evaluation in this case tasting of the solution, the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0073
  • Pages:52
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluates the cardio protactive effect of N-hexane extract of Desmodium Velutinum stem on albino wister rat. Rats used in this study were grouped into four and each group was fed differentely. Rats in group one, three, and four wre fed with the aid of a syringe without needle with 6ml of the lipoprotein food mixture containing... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0072
  • Pages:57
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study evaluated the antilipidemic activity of water extracts from leaves of Desmodium velutinum on albino wistar rats. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract showed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, soluble carbohydrates, flavonoids, reducing sugar, steroids, cyanide and terpenoids. The animals were treated with... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0071
  • Pages:55
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION We are constantly being exposed to infectious agents and yet, in most cases, we are able to resist these infections. It is our immune system that enables us to resist infections. The immune system can be defined as a network of lymphoid organs, tissues and cells and also the products of these cells. The main... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0070
  • Pages:66
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study investigated the possible effects of n- hexane extract of crude and degummed Citrullus lanatus seed oil on RBC, WBC, PCV, and Platelet level on wistar albino rats. The result, showed no significant increase in PCV, RBC, WBC and Platelet levels in rats fed with crude and degummed Citrullus lanatus seed oil as well as the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0069
  • Pages:58
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT   Vegetables are the edible parts of plant that are consumed wholly or in parts, raw or cooked as part of main dish or salad. A vegetable includes leaves, stems, roots, flowers, seed, fruits, bulbs, tubers and fungi (Uzo, 1999). Vegetables are good sources of oil, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins depending on the vegetable consumed... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0068
  • Pages:59
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The present study investigated the effects of a 2-week swimming exercise on scopolamine-induced dementia in a mice model. Thirty-two mice, were randomly divided into four groups (8 rats in each). Group A served as control without exercise and received saline only; Group B served as induced control and receive a single dose of scopolamine... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0067
  • Pages:70
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Sesamun indicum is used for both domestic and commercial purpose in Northern Nigeria, this research is aimed at assessing some micronutrients in sesamum indicum seed in Nguru town, using atomic absorption spectroscopy, spectrophotometric and flame photometric techniques in order to determine the elemental concentrations of  some elements... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0066
  • Pages:35
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The global scenario is now supporting the development of modern drugs from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of the neem plant (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has been in use in many continents for centuries. In this project work, water extract from Neem... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0065
  • Pages:32
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT In order to investigate the effects of Yoyo and Swedish bitters on arylesterase activity in very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), 40 male albino rats were divided into 6 groups; i, 3-week Yoyo bitters. ii, 3-week Swedish bitters. iii, 3-week control. iv, 6-week Yoyo bitters. v, 6-week Swedish bitters, vi, 6-week control. Daily weight of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0064
  • Pages:39
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Ohaji Egbema, Imo State were studied over a period of twelve months to determine the effects of detergent effluent discharges on the aspect of water quality of the river. Water samples from Points A, B and C were screened for microbiological analysis. The results revealed that the level of pollution varied depending on season and that the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0063
  • Pages:51
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The place of adequate nutrition in the live of the young especially in the recently weaned cannot be overemphasized. The abrupt change in diet, leading to possible immune system weakness and disease conditions, is a focal point in the care of the young. This project examined serum globulin and bilirubin levels in weanling rats whose feed... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0062
  • Pages:40
  • Reference:YES
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 HISTORICAL OVERVIEW 2.2 CONDITIONALLY PATHOGENIC 2.2.1 Intracellular 2.2.2 By location 2.2.3 Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogenicity 2.3 The Underlying Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogenicity 2.3.3.2 UTAZI (GONGRONEMA LATIFOLIUM)... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0061
  • Pages:49
  • Reference:YES
  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 1.0 INTRODUCTION Nanoscience has been the subject of substantial research in recent years. It has been explored by researchers in various fields of science and technology (Kholoud et al. 2010). The novel properties of NPs have been exploited in a wide range of potential applications such as in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0060
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
  ABSTRACT This study evaluated \'the effects of processing methods on the physico-chemical properties of sweet potato and sorghum flour\'. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important food crop in the tropical and sub-tropical countries and belongs to the family convolvulaceae. Sweet potatoes are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0059
  • Pages:73
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT             This project work focused on the determination of the PH values of pure water sachet and sample of borehole water found in Benin city, Edo State. The five different pure water sample analyzed include ages, Maria, Faith, Mark, Uniben and Uncle Sam. The... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0058
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
THE EFFECTS OF DELAYS AND DISRUPTION ON THE COST OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN NIGERIA   (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE) ABSTRACT  This project is purposely for determining the effects of delay and disruption on the cost of building construction project in Nigeria, ascertaining the cost, which aim at x-raying unnecessary delay and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0057
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
CHEMICAL/MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF WATER EXTRACTS OF Hibiscus sabdariffa  ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the chemical properties of the water extract of zobo (Hibiscus sabdariffa) drink using the modern atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Zobo drink is a popular drink in the Nigeria, especially in the northern part of Nigeria.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0056
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
TABLE OF CONTENT Title page Approval page Dedication Acknowlegdement Abstract Table of contents List of tables List of figures Abbreviations CHAPTER ONE 1.0   Introduction 1.1   Objectives of the Study CHAPTER TWO 2.0      Literature Review 3.0      2.1   Importance of Phytochemicals 2.1.1        Mechanism of Action of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0055
  • Pages:74
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT Calcium is the most important mineral in the body. The body needs calcium for normal functioning of nerves and muscles including the most important muscles of all which is the heart. Calcium is also important for healthy bones and teeth. The amount of calcium in the blood is... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0054
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
    ABSTRACT This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%) were prepared. Ten volunteers were gathered for the sensory evaluation in this case tasting of the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0053
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT  This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burantashi extract on liver enzymes of albino male and female whistar rats. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Nigeria,mostly found in the northern part of the Nigeria. Liver Enzymes are those enzymes that plays important role in the liver both in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0052
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
PRODUCTION OF STARCH FROM CASSAVA (M aihot esculanta ) AND ITS CROSS LINKED DERIVATIVES CHAPTER ONE 1.0     INTRODUCTION Starch can be obtained from cassava, sorghum, maize, sago and potatoes. But this project focused on the production of starch from cassava. Starch can be cross-linked a product that will be suitable for noodle, salad cream... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0051
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL SCREENING OF SEED AND COAT OF  Citrus sinensis CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The  Citrus sinensis  popularly known as sweet orange seed in Igbo of Nigeria is of the  Rutaceae  family. The seed is best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe after thoroughly rinsing it, sow stored seed in March in a... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0050
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
Abstract:  ABSTRACT This study was conducted on the proximate and quantitative analysis of soursop (Annona moricata) fruit. The ripe fruit was procured, sun-dried and grounded into powdery form before it was used for the analysis. The result shows that crude fiber is 6.3% crude protein,... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0049
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT Foods and microorganisms have long and interesting associations which developed long before the beginning of recorded history. Foods are not only nutritious to consumers, but are also excellent sources of nutrients for microbial growth. Depending on the microorganisms present, foods may spoil or be preserved by fermentation. Foods can act... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0048
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
CHAPTER ONE 1.0     INTRODUCTION                                                                     1 1.1     Aims/Objectives of the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0047
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
CHAPTER ONE 1.0        INTRODUCTION Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer. It accounts for 60% of all cancer world wide (Melissa 2004). The most significance cause is the presence of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0046
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
Micro-organisms are ubiquitous and are found in almost every area around human bodies.  Some are specifically found in certain regions of the body as a normal flora where they live as commensals with man.  This association is important in protecting the body against other infectious diseases. Each area of the body surface acquires a... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0045
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
 ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burantashi extract on liver enzymes of albino male and female whistar rats. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Ngeria, mostly found in the northern part of the Nigeria. Liver Enzymes are those enzymes that plays important role in the liver both in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0044
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
  ABSTRACT This study evaluated “the effects of processing methods on the physico-chemical properties of sweet potato and sorghum flour”. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is an important food crop in the tropical and sub-tropical countries and belongs to the family convolvulaceae. Sweet potatoes are rich in dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins,... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0043
  • Pages:73
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
  ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burantashi extract on liver enzymes of albino male and female whistar rats. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Nigeria,mostly found in the northern part of the Nigeria. Liver Enzymes are those enzymes that plays important role in the liver both in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0042
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
  ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of Burantashi extract on liver enzymes of albino male and female whistar rats. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Nigeria,mostly found in the northern part of the Nigeria. Liver Enzymes are those enzymes that plays important role in the liver both in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0041
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
Abstract The research on Mucuna pruriens was to know its ameliorative efficacy on the kidney markers of malaria infected mice. The antimalaria effect was evaluated against Plasmodium berghei stain of 25 mice.The twenty five (25) adult albino mice of both sexes which weighed 20g-36g were grouped into five(1-5) of five mice per group which was used... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0040
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the chemical properties of the water extract of zobo (Hibiscus sabdariffa) drink using the modern atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Zobo drink is a popular drink in the Nigeria, especially in the northern part of Nigeria. The result of the analysis indicated that the drink is high in vital... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0039
  • Pages:55
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT The research is aimed at investigating the effect of sodium citrate and reduced glutathione (GSH) on arginase from human fibriod tissue. The research shows that arginase enzyme which was partially purified was found to have a specific interaction with its substrate. The study shows that varying the substrate concentration at constant... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0038
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT This research was carried out to determine the effect of administration of  Achomanes Difformis (blume)  on liver functions in adult wistar rat, in which 20 adult wistar rats were purchased at the institute of advanced medical research and training (IMRAT), UCH, Ibadan. The rats were grouped into 4 in which there is a control group in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0037
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
Abstract Two different set of soil samples were collected near Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company Limited (KRPC), a Subsidiary of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Kaduna. The first set of samples labelled (D) was obtained from areas where diesel from the refinery spilled into the environment and the second set of samples... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0036
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
INTRODUCTION Malaria is a major public health problem and cause of much suffering and premature death in the poorer areas of tropical Africa, Asia and Latin America particularly among young children (Cheesbrough, 2010). Children under five years of age are one of the most vulnerable groups affected by malaria. There was an estimated 438,000... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0035
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT The effect of processing on the proximate composition, anti-nutrient levels and mineral contents of finger millet seed (Eleusine coracana) were analyzed. Diets containing processed finger millet seed (71.4g) per 100g feed were fed to four different groups of weaner rabbit for 56days. Animals’ fed diet containing unprocessed finger... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0034
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT   Local production of ash-derived alkali was assessed in this review. Detailed information on local production of ash-derived alkali is rare in literature. Hence, the technology, materials, probable criteria for selection of materials, processes, uses, of alkali were assessed. The project work was carried out in TUDAKA, environmental... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0033
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT Calcium is the most important mineral in the body. The body needs calcium for normal functioning of nerves and muscles including the most important muscles of all which is the heart. Calcium is also important for healthy bones and teeth. The amount of calcium in the blood is carefully controlled by the body’s hormonal systems. The body... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0032
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT This work was aimed at finding the effects of alcohol on some biochemical parameters. A total of one hundred and eighty (180) apparently healthy, non-hypertensive male alcoholics were used for the study. Forty (40) non-consumers of alcohol were used as control. The activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the control was 10.50±2.00... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0031
  • Pages:50
  • Chapters:5
ABSTRACT In the present study, the phytochemical composition, immunomodulatory, leukocyte mobilization, haematological and antihepatotoxic effects of the aqueous extract of  Senna   mimosoides  leaves were evaluated. The study also covered the effect of the extract on theactivity of lactase and the assessment of the damaging effect of carbon... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0030
  • Pages:50
  • Chapters:5
LEVELS OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN FRESH WATER FISH DRIED UNDER DIFFERENT DRYING REGIME ABSTRACT  Preservation of fish by drying over different types of heat regimes have been known. However, there has not been a comprehensive comparison in terms of the possible contamination associated with these drying regimes. This work was set to... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0029
  • Pages:119
  • Chapters:4
  • Methodology:Scientific
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The effect of contact time, initial ion concentration, adsorbent dose and ph on 5he adsorption capacity of EDTA modified groundnut shell, rice husks, cassava peels and maize cobs for chronium (iii) ion was carried out using batch... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0028
  • Pages:37
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Adsorption can be applied for solution containing low concentration of heavy metals in which helps to investigate the influence of chemical modifications and carbonization of the adsorptive capacities of sawdust foe zinc copper and nickel.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0027
  • Pages:33
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:scientific
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Ntamiri River, Along Umuagwo axis were studied over a period of twelve months to determine the effects of detergent effluent discharges on the aspect of water quality of the river. Water samples from Points A, B and C were screened for microbiological analysis. The results... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0026
  • Pages:60
  • Chapters:6
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT In the recent past, it was thought that Obesity is a disease associated to adults, leaving the young (children) out of it. In studies carried out by Guo et al. (1994) & Must et al (1992), it was reported that adolescent weight is a good... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0025
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Discriptive Statistic
  • Reference:YES
. ABSTRACT The global scenario is now supporting the development of malaria drug from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of the neem plant (Azadirachtaindica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0024
  • Pages:42
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%)... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0023
  • Pages:95
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work evaluates the antioxidant potential of Monodora myristica (African nutmeg). Monodora myristica extract was obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as treatment on freshly prepared crude palm kernel oil and palm oil. Equal volume of oil... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0022
  • Pages:77
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This research investigated the phytochemical and anti-inflammatory properties of methanol extract of Crateva adansonii stem bark. Although several edible and non-edible plants parts are used in inflammatory treatment, many record has been... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0021
  • Pages:
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants. The urgency generated by in increased rate of stroke, atheroselerosis attributed to prolong use of... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0020
  • Pages:
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the chemical properties of the water extract of zobo (Hibiscus sabdariffa) drink using the modern atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Zobo drink is a popular drink in the Nigeria, especially in the northern part of Nigeria.... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0019
  • Pages:45
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the phytochemical and proximate analysis of the effect of Burantashi stem on Erectile dysfunction. Burantashi is a popular seasoning agent to barbecued meat (suya) in Nigeria, found in the northern part of the... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0018
  • Pages:
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli such as pathogen, damage cells or irritants (Ryan & Majno, 1983). The urgency generated by increased rate of stroke,... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0017
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0016
  • Pages:73
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT The global scenario is now supporting the development of modern drugs from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of the neem plant (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has been in use in many continents for... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0015
  • Pages:43
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific Method
  • Reference:YES
ANTILIPIDEMIC EFFECT OF WATER (H20) EXTRACT OF DESMODIUM VELUTINUM LEAVES ON ALBINO WISTAR RATS ABSTRACT This study evaluated the antilipidemic activity of water extracts from leaves of Desmodium velutinum on albino wistar rats. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract showed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, soluble... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0014
  • Pages:100
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABTRACT This study evaluates the cardio protactive effect of N-hexane extract of Desmodium Velutinum stem on albino wister rat. Rats used in this study were grouped into four and each group was fed differentely. Rats in group one, three, and four wre... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0013
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT  This research investigated how the sweetness of sugar substitute compares to the sweetness of sugar. In this research different percentage solution of sugar, artificial sweetener and natural sweetener (10%, 1%, 0.1% and 0.01%)... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0012
  • Pages:106
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Scientific
  • Reference:YES
Abstract Present investigations were carried out on the effect of ethanol extract of Desmodium velutinum stem on some liver enzymes of albino wistar rats fed with high fat from cow‟s brain. Twelve healthy albin groups. Group I rats were... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0011
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Kola bark extract have been widely used in tradition medicine for thousand of year, it improves liver functions and provides protection against high fat fed metabolic rats. Present investigations were carried out on the hepatoprotective role of Kola bark extract... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0010
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABSRACT This work was carried out to investigate the effects of pterocarpus mildbreadii seed on the HDL- level of albino rats.High density lipoprotein(HDL) is a fraction of cholesterol,which helps to transport cholesterol from peripheral of cell to the liver.High... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0009
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction - CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Literature Review - 2.1 Kola Nut Powered (Cola Nitida) - 2.2 Kola pod components - 2.3 Geography and distribution - 2.4 Lipoprotein - 2.5 High cholesterol diagnosis - 2.6 Low cholesterol - 2.7 Changes... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0008
  • Pages:
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT Locally brewed beer (sorghum beer) is an indigenous alcohol average. It is produced mainly from sorghum grain (Sorghum vulgare ) and the process of brewing involves malting, mashing, souring, fermentation and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0007
  • Pages:100
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This study was on oxidative stress status of rat fed with Pentraclethra macrophylla, otherwise known as African oil bean seed oil in English or Ugba in Igbo. Sixteen male rats were distributed into four groups. 1 (control), then group 2, 3, and 4 as test groups. They were fed... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0006
  • Pages:
  • Chapters:5
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This project work focused on the determination of the PH values of pure water sachet and sample of borehole water found in Benin city, Edo State. The five different pure water sample analyzed include ages, Maria, Faith, Mark, Uniben and Uncle Sam. The five different... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0005
  • Pages:49
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:sample
  • Reference:YES
THE EFFECTS OF DELAYS AND DISRUPTION ON THE COST OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE) ABSTRACT This project is purposely for determining the effects of delay and disruption on the cost of building construction project in Nigeria, ascertaining the cost, which aim at x-raying unnecessary delay and disruption in... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0004
  • Pages:68
  • Chapters:5
  • Methodology:Descriptive method
  • Reference:YES
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SELECTED TOMATO PRODUCTS TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Objectives of the Study CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Literature Review 3.0 2.1 Importance of Phytochemicals 2.1.1 Mechanism of Action of Tomato Phytochemicals 2.1.2 Importance of Tomatoes 2.2 Structure of Vitamin C and its Activity 2.2.1 Biosynthesis and... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0003
  • Pages:74
  • Chapters:1-5
  • Methodology:NIL
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work evaluates the antioxidant potential of Monodora myristica (African nutmeg). Monodora myristica extract was obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as treatment on freshly prepared crude palm kernel oil and palm oil. Equal volume of oil... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0002
  • Pages:84
  • Chapters:1-5
  • Methodology:NIL
  • Reference:YES
ABSTRACT This work was carried out to investigate the chemical properties of the water extract of zobo (Hibiscus sabdariffa) drink using the modern atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Zobo drink is a popular drink in the Nigeria, especially in the northern part of Nigeria. The... Continue Reading
  • Type:Project
  • ID:BCH0001
  • Pages:65
  • Chapters:1-5
  • Methodology:NIL
  • Reference:YES