ABSTRACT The stltdy was oarried out in Kampala district, the study aimed at analyzing the causes leading to institutionalization of large number of children in home care centres . The study focused on the reasons why parents abandon their children, under which circumstances are the children institutionalizedt which procedures are undertaken before being institutionalized, and found out the number rise per year and how the community, the govemment, private organization and NGOs are tiying to help. The dissertation comprises of five (5) chapters. It started with the background of the study which defines a vulnerable child and where the are deserted. This chapter also gave the direction of the study, set the objectives, purpose of the study, scope and significance. Chapter two (2) of the dissertation sort in depth the review of the related literature on the topic at hand. Chapter three (3) focused on the research methodology that the researcher adopted. It contains research design, area of the study, data collection instruments data analysis and sampling that I employed in the course of the study. Also it assessed the limitations and delimitations encountered during the data collection process. Chapter four (4) of this dissertation dealt with the presentation of the data from the field and its interpretation. Finally chapter five (5) the researcher will give the summary, conclusion and reconnnendation to the research.