The study aimed at examining the relationship socio—economic status and academic performance of selected secondary school students and also to know the extent to which educational status of parents affect students’ academic performance. the objectives of the study were to examine how social-economic status can affect Performance of students in selected secondary schools in fVlakindye Sabagabo, to assess the socio-economic benefits on the Performance of students in selected secondary schools in Makindye Sabagabo, to analyze the challenges facing the Performance of students in selected secondary schools in Makindye Sabagabo and to suggest the possible solutions to the challenges Licing the Performance of students in selected secondary schools in Makindye Sabagabo A case study research design was conducted in the study. This is a kind of study that involved in examining a single entity in order to gain insight into larger cases. A case study research design helped the researcher to carry’ out the study in depth. The study largely used qualitative methods with the use of individual t erbatim interviexs. A total of 50 respondents were selected with the use of purposive sampling technique to represent the study. Of these respondents 30 were teachers. 10 were head teachers and education officers 10 were parents and guardians. In collecting the data, various data collection methods and tools involved questionnaires and interviewing. Data was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The study found that, (66.7%) agree that Parents’ Level of education affects children’s Academic performance of students. 26.7% disagrees. and 6.7% \ crc not sure. This implies that Pupils with families where parents have less education tend to systematically perform worse than pupils whose parents have more education. From the computation above, the findings indicate that socio-economic status affect the Academic performance levels by 0.05. This is positive significant relationship (r 0.837) implying that if socio—economic status does perform it functions very ‘well. Academic performance ~ ill be highly affected positively and when socio-economic status are not well perform performance measurement will be highly affected negatively. It was concluded that, one of the biggest problems with children in today’s society is youth apathy. Parental involvement in school can help solve this problem by emphasizing the importance of a good education, and getting their children excited about learning. The essential ingredient in most children’s success in school is a positive relation to his parents.’ (Bettelheim. 1987) Parents” personal educational backgrounds and economic backgrounds have a signiflcant effect on their children’s education. The study recommends further studies on the relationship between socio-economic status and academic performance.