+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com
+234 813 0686 500
info@grossarchive.com

ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

  • Type: Project
  • Department: Public Health
  • Project ID: PUH0028
  • Price: ₦3,000 ($20)
  • Chapters: 5 Chapters
  • Pages: 45 Pages
  • Methodology: Descriptive Statistic
  • Reference: YES
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 870

For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853
ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the attitude of the female undergraduate students of Benson Idahosa University towards breast self examination, if they practice it, how often and strategies that can be adopted to curb unfavourable attitudes towards breast self examination. The questionnaire were the instrument for data collection, the population consisted of 100 female undergraduate students residing in Benson Idahosa University hostels. The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and percentage to indicate the level of responses. It was gathered that students attitudes towards Breast self examination was positive and the strategies provided to curb unfavourable attitude towards breast self examination was accepted. Lastly, conclusion, It is evident that from the findings, majority of the students of BIU know how to perform breast self examination and they do it confidently while some others are not sure of the appropriate steps to follow in performing BSE. It was also evident that the tendency of the students performing breast self examination (BSE) at the required time is very low and their reasons could be as a result of not knowing how to do it, ignorance, lack of interest, the study also made recommendations inform of strategies to curb unfavourable attitudes towards breast self examination
TABLE OF CONTENT
 CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION
Background to the Study                
Statement of the Problem        
Research Questions      
Purpose of the study      
Significance of the study         
Delimitation and scope of the study -        
Limitation of the study -        
Definition of terms         
CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1    Overview of Breast Self Examination
2.2    Breast Self-examination: Background
2.3    Practice of Breast Self-examination
2.4    Impact of Socio-Demographic Parameters on Breast Self-examination
2.5    Role of Nurses’ in Breast Self-examination
2.6    Barriers to Breast Self-examination
2.7    Implications for Practice
CHAPTER THREEMETHODOLOGY
Research Design
Population of the Study        
Sample and sampling technique        
Research instrument     
Validity of the Instrument      
Reliability of the Instrument   
Method of Data Presentation and Analysis       
CHAPTER FOUR DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
Research questions       
Discussion of Findings  
CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary    
Findings      
Conclusion
Recommendations         
REFERENCE      
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1    Background of the Study
Breast Self-Examination (BSE) is a technique in which a lady examines her own breasts by seeing and feeling with fingers to detect breast lump. The purpose of breast self-examination is to increase familiarity with breast, to detect presence of lump in the breast at an early stage and to look for any abnormal changes in the breast Deaton, J.G. (1988). Self examination of the breast each month between the 7th and 10th day of the menstrual cycle is the simplest yet extremely important way to detect breast cancer at the early stage of growth Abudu, E.K et al., (2007). The BSE technique involves palpation of the breasts for lump with the tips of the fingers, rather than the flat of the hand. The woman would be in the erect position, either sitting or standing and while lying down. It has been observed that women can detect 95% of breast cancers and 65% of early minimal breast cancers through BSE Brunar, L.S. and Suddarth, D.S. (1988).
Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death among women worldwide Bray, F., MacCarron, P. and Parkin, M. (2004). Globally, it has been reported that breast cancer ranks as the fifth cause of death from cancer overall, although still the leading cause of cancer mortality in women (the 411,000 annual deaths represent 14% of female cancer deaths) Parkin, D.M et al., (2005). The WHO estimated that 1.2 million cases of breast cancer are diagnosed worldwide each year which represented 10% of all diagnosed cancers and constituted 22% of all new cases in women in 2000 making it by far the most common cancer in women Anderson, B.O., Braun, S., Lim, S., Robert, A., Taplin, S.S., et al. (2003). In Nigeria, breast cancer has been reported as the most common cancer in women and the second leading cause of death Adebamowo, C.A. et al., (2000).. Late presentation of patients at advanced stages of when little or no benefit can be derived from any form of therapy is the hallmark of breast cancer in Nigerian women Okobia, M.N et al., (2006). The peak age incidence of breast cancer in Nigeria is reported to be between 45 - 50 years Abudu, E.K et al., (2007). In contrast to Europe and America where it was reported to be 65 - 75 years. Some cases have been reported below 30 years in Nigeria Okobia, M.N. and Osime, U. (2001). The three screening methods recommended for breast cancer include Breast Self-Examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography. Unlike CBE and mammography which require hospital visit and specialized equipment and expertise, BSE is inexpensive and carried out by women themselves. Although mammography remains the best diagnostic tool in the detection of breast cancer, it is not routinely performed in Nigeria because of cost, high technology equipment and expertise required. Mammograms miss most breast lump in the younger age groups; this is likely to happen in Nigeria where cases below 30 have been reported Anyanwu, S.N. (2007).
To reduce the burden of breast cancer in Nigeria, it is necessary to first determine the level of knowledge and practice (skill) relating to breast self-examination as a breast cancer prevention strategy especially among our teaming youths who at this stage of life can continue this practice to adulthood. Therefore this study was aimed to identify the level of knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduates in Idahosa University in Nigeria.
1.2    Statement of the Problem
Although a lot has been done on the awareness and practice of BSE, not much has been done among undergraduate, as most of the studies have been directed toward relatively young ladies. Again, the late presentation of many ladies with breast cancer to hospitals has continually become a major issue of great concern. In view of the importance of Breast Self Examination (BSE) in the early detection of breast cancer and the fact that it is cost effective and more readily available than any other method of early detection of breast cancer in our environment.
1.3    Objectives of the Study
1.    To examine the impact of breast self examination
2.    To assess whether female undergraduates know the benefits of breast self examination
3.    To determine the level of attitude and practice of BSE among female undergraduate
1.4    Research Questions
1.    What is the impact of breast self examination?
2.    Does female undergraduates know the benefits of breast self examination?
3    What is the level of attitude and practice of BSE among female undergraduate?
1.5    Scope of Study
This study deals more on the subject matter i.e the attitude and practices of breast self examination among female undergraduates of tertiary institution and also extends to the relationship of breast self examination and is extended to possible breast disease. It would provide information that will enhance awareness and the impact breast self examination.
1.6    Significance of the Study   
The rate of breast cancer is of great concern to ladies. This research would provide information that would enhance awareness of the importance of breast self examination.
It would afford the ladies the opportunity of checking and any abnormal condition. This work would also serve as framework of reference for future researchers who might conduct inquiries or research into similar topic.
1.7    Limitations of Study
     In this project, the researcher encountered some difficulties such as lack of sufficient fund to execute the project. The time frame given for the project was not enough to permit more extensive work. Inadequate stock of materials on the topic was another constraint.
    Moreover, since people behave differently even under the same situations and circumstances, one cannot deny that temperamental differences may affect the result of the study.
1.8    Definition of Terms
Breast: Breast is either of the pair of mammary glands extending from the front of the chest in pubescent and adult human females and some other mammals also either of the analogous but rudimentary organs of the male chest especially when enlarged.
Self Examination: Self-examination is the act of examining your own body to check whether or not you have any signs of a particular disease or illness.
Breast self-examination is invaluable for detecting cancer in its very early stages.
Attitude: A predisposition or a tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain idea, object, person, or situation. Attitude influences an individual's choice of action, and responses to challenges, incentives, and rewards (together called stimuli).
Undergraduate: An undergraduate is a college or university student who is not a graduate student.
Cancer: Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread to other parts of the body. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes.

ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853

Share This
  • Type: Project
  • Department: Public Health
  • Project ID: PUH0028
  • Price: ₦3,000 ($20)
  • Chapters: 5 Chapters
  • Pages: 45 Pages
  • Methodology: Descriptive Statistic
  • Reference: YES
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 870
Payment Instruction
Bank payment for Nigerians, Make a payment of ₦ 3,000 to

Bank GTBANK
gtbank
Account Name Obiaks Business Venture
Account Number 0211074565

Bitcoin: Make a payment of 0.0003 to

Bitcoin(Btc)

btc wallet
Copy to clipboard Copy text

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Public Health
    Project ID PUH0028
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 45 Pages
    Methodology Descriptive Statistic
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

                                                                                Abstract Breast cancer is a major life-threatening public health problem of great global concern. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide and the commonest malignancy... Continue Reading
                                                                                Abstract Breast cancer is a major life-threatening public health problem of great global concern. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide and the commonest malignancy... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study Reading, one of the most fundamental building blocks of learning, is a process that requires the use of complex thought processes to interpret printed symbols as meaningful units, and to... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Breast self examination is a monthly examination a woman can perform by herself to check for breast cancer, breast self examination is cheap and not painful, however it is dependent on the knowledge and attitude of women and young girls towards it. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge of breast self examination among fresh... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Life in the university involves both academic and social learning for students who are from different social, economic and ethnical backgrounds hence a change of environment which can impact on personality, attitudes and behavior of the students. This may be extended to the feeding habits and eventually to nutritional status of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Life in the university involves both academic and social learning for students who are from different social, economic and ethnical backgrounds hence a change of environment which can impact on personality, attitudes and behavior of the students. This may be extended to the feeding habits and eventually to nutritional status of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Life in the university involves both academic and social learning for students who are from different social, economic and ethnical backgrounds hence a change of environment which can impact on personality, attitudes and behavior of the students. This may be extended to the feeding habits and eventually to nutritional status of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study comparatively explores the learning environment in undergraduate programmes of private and public universities. Using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 20.0, this study adopts the Independent T-test to analyze if significant differences exist in the perceptions of the learning environment held by students from... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1  Background to the Study The social vices called sexual harassment is not a new topic to the generality of people today especially in the tertiary institutions such as universities, polytechnics, monotechnics and colleges of education.As observed by Taiwo and Omole (2014:1) ,the fact is that, “in every human... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Education transforms individuals into problem solvers who evince knowledge and are capable of utilizing the acquired knowledge to provide solutions to a wide range of problems. A good level of education confers on a student a corresponding high level of meta cognitive skills which in turn... Continue Reading
    Call Us
    Get this work
    whatsappWhatsApp Us