For the purpose of clarity and operational reasons, this study was undertaken to investigate good governance and poverty alleviation programme in Benue State with a focus to six selected local government. Three specific objectives were formulated and three research questions were set to guide the study. The major limitation of the study was that the research was formally intended to study the whole local governments in Benue State because of the cost of covering the whole local governments alone six local governments were selected for the study. The study reviewed its literature in a thematic format covering the basic concept of the study and the entire variable that relates to the study objective. The study adopted structural functionalism as a theoretical framework and survey design as it research methodology. The population of the study was ……… and the sample size is approximately 400. The used questionnaire as a method of data collections and simple percentage and tables as a method of data analysis, after the investigation the study found out that, Benue state is endowed with immense agricultural potential with comparatively weak infrastructural base and near assent private sector and incompetence, inefficiency, professional misconduct, indolence, negligence, mismanagement, misappropriation of funds, embezzlement of funds, fraud, favoritism, abuse of office for personal gains, nepotism, corruption and general indiscipline have crippled any economic development and poverty alleviation programme in Benue State. The study further recommends prudent political leadership to galvanize the poverty alleviation programme in other to achieve the set objective of the programme in Benue State.