PRESS AS A VEHICLE FOR EFFECTIVE RURAL DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF IDEMILI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE).

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  • Department: Mass Communication
  • Project ID: MAS1622
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INTRODUCTION
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In a complex society like ours the role which the press radio, television, newspapers, magazines and all forms of communication can play in effective rural development should not be over emphasized. Like other agents of development such as learning, the press especially the newspaper is very important in the proper development of our rural communication. The press as the fourth estate of the realm has other vital roles to play in the current campaign for effective rural development apart from its traditional roles as the watch dog of the society.
A lot has been written about rural development. This is because of its importance in the development of the individual, his life style  and with a view to making him satisfied, as well as making available those non existing facilities in a rural  area, for the good of the inhabitants. “ Rural development, thus according to Akonobi is:
Economic and social conditions not surprisingly, in the  past ex-president Babangida’s rural development programme as from the majority of Nigerians and is still hailed to some rural areas. The programme not misery, it makes a progressive shift in publics and its policies are similar to that of general Abacha’s family support programme (FSP) and petroleum Trust Fund (PTF) . In our contemporary existence as a democratically independent nation, the lots of rural dwellers, these inhabitants situated in the hinterlands, far away from the urban areas, pleasure of life goodies and all those aspect that ensure man as a living and existing being has been one of nation’s deprivation, illiteracy, disease and vast poverty and total degradation.
As if the above unseeingly situation is not enough for these rural peasants access roads are completely lacking clean drinking water is luxury while social amenities are practically not available. Research have shown that over 70% (percent) of the entire population live in the rural area, yet, the bulk of nations wealth especially in agriculture are from the uninhabitable rural areas. Hence completely disenchanted and alienated. These peasant, rural inhabitants have come to see the urban dwellers with envy and resentment, seeing the government as being meant for the urban dweller. Past regimes potently ignorant of the realities and of course the practicalities. General Babangida in his blue print for rural development said : “ rural development holds the key, to sustained agricultural transformation and national food security.”
After these too, the IBB administration in her effort to accomplish the prime objective, came up with the directorate for food, road and rural infrastructure, (DEFR). This directorate is changed with the responsibility of carrying the campaign for  development in  the rural areas.
Extensively, as a part of the idea to make rural dwellers have a sense of belonging and participate in the process of national economic reconstruction and self – reliance. Ikem Nosu is one  of his books says that:
“These facilities range, from good water, electricity, recreational facilities, judicial and other institution etc. it is thus all embracing “.
The then Minister of information Col. Anthony Ukpo spoke of government plan to construct information centres, both in the rural area. He explained in an NTA Calabar (not seat) programme. These  information board will serve as centre for disseminating informations and explaining government policies to the rural populace”.
Equal too, different local and state government mapped our different programmes aimed at ensuring fast and effective rural development programme that is channeled towards rural development. The joint  action on development’ (JAD) is social amenities, good roads etc. Idemili North local government area like every other local government in Anambra state, in line with ‘JAD’s programme has added special programme on adult education as their own contribution towards effective rural development in the state.
From the foregoing, therefore, bearing in mind the continuous existence of development programmes in various states, we shall take a step to examine the role which the press can play in solving the problem s facing these rural dwellers. For the purpose of this work emphasis is more on the newspaper having considered its bearing as compared with the radio and television.
Newspaper plays a prominent / vital role in the information dissemination in our society, in the current campaign for effective rural development despite its traditional roles as an observer of the society.  The press is seen as a mirrow to what’s happening and it gives representative picture and giving choices in other words, the print is more accessible in accordance to this Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe said:
“That a newspaper is usually a reflection of the mood of times” apart from its lasting power, its cast is usually lower than that mostly the well to do. In most cases incessant power failures don’t make things better. In other words the print is more accessible. Hence if carefully preserved they will last long.
According to emerg et al. they exist to inform and influence the communities in which they are performing and the man who produces them share a common urge to news and advertising into print. Like wise opubor in one of his unpublished article said that:  “the mass media like weather are always then provide constant material for conservation.
Moreover, with the present introduction of different programmes and campaign on development, like social, political and economical programmes ie. Universal Basic Education (UBE) to support the existing programmes like (FEAP) family economic advancement programme, newspaper can work along side with these mapped out programmes to improve the poor man’s well bring (rural dwellers). The newspapers can help by communicating to the masses in the rural areas the government programme aimed at developing them: move to its credit, the newspaper can act as the middle man (ombudsman) between the rural dwellers and the government.
Hence the community newspaper, and urban newspaper and the national newspaper performs the ombudsman’s function for the rural and urban respectively.
Furthermore, the newspaper can encourage the spirit of community development in the people. They can be persuaded to involve themselves in developing their communities through self help project. Yet the newspaper do not exit without problems in carrying out this task of rural development for instance, the government control on newspapers and intervention on ownership makes it impossible for them to perform out rightly, instead they serve as government mouthpieces. Illiteracy is another type of problem which the press do encounter:  A large population of the ruralities are illiterates and this hinders any progress newspaper can make. In view of these situations therefore, this research is set to find out the parts which the press (especially newspaper can play in rural  development.). hence the focus is on Idemili Local Government Area Anambra State.

TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGEII
APPROVAL PAGEIII
DEDICATIONIV
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTV
TABLE OF CONTENTVI

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION1
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY1
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM8
1.3PURPOSE OF STUDY10
1.4SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY12
1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY14
1.6RESEARCH QUESTIONS.15

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1LITERATURE SOURCE17
2.2THEORETICAL BACKGROUND17
2.3THEORETICAL FRAME WORK.23

CHAPTER THREE 
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.30
3.1RESEARCH METHOD30
3.2TARGET POPULATION31
3.3SAMPLE SIZE31
3.4SAMPLING TECHNIQUE32
3.5RESEARCH DESIGN33
3.6DATA COLLECTION34

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1DATA ANALYSIS:
4.2DEMOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION:
4.3   FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION REPORTS:

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1SUMMARY56
5.2CONCLUSION58
5.3RECOMMENDATION60
BIBLIOGRAPHY62
APPENDIX64


 

PRESS AS A VEHICLE FOR EFFECTIVE RURAL DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF IDEMILI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE).
For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853

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  • Type: Project
  • Department: Mass Communication
  • Project ID: MAS1622
  • Access Fee: ₦5,000 ($14)
  • Pages: 71 Pages
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 268
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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Mass Communication
    Project ID MAS1622
    Fee ₦5,000 ($14)
    No of Pages 71 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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