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CHARACTERISTICS OF POLLUTED SANDS A CASE STUDY IN NIGER DELTA (REVIEW)

  • Type: Project
  • Department: Geophysics
  • Project ID: GPH0005
  • Price: ₦3,000 ($20)
  • Chapters: 5 Chapters
  • Pages: 26 Pages
  • Methodology: Scientific
  • Reference: YES
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 510

For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at using the characteristics of polluted soil to delineate different soil
layers and deduce ways of providing remediation to the problems generated as a
result of soil pollution using Electrical Resistivity Method.

An inversion of the measured apparent resistivity values using a computer program was carried
out to determine the true subsurface resistivity. This method was used to
estimate the lateral and vertical extend to which a particular soil has been
contaminated by oil or hydrocarbon. In the analysis of the horizontal extent of
contamination, the horizontal resistivity profiling (HRP) was applied while in
the vertical extent, the vertical electrical sounding (VES) was applied. Sandy
soil polluted by crude oil indicated increases in resistivity with increase in
percentages of pollution resulting probably from their individual density which
makes it difficult to penetrate through the sand molecules despite the soil’s
porosity. Silty soil showed increase in resistivity with increasing percentage
of pollution for all the pollutants and polluted clay soil indicated total
increment in resistivity with increasing percentage pollution for all the
pollutants, probably because of its high permeability and low porosity from the
results.  



CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of study…………………………………………………………1

1.2 Aim of study………………………………………………………………………2

1.3 Problems of study……………………………………………………………….2

1.4 Significance of study…………………………………………………………2

1.5 Location and  Geology of the study area………………………….3-5

1.6 Definition of Terms………………………………………………………….5-11


CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW           

2.1 Related works……………………………………………………………………12-17

2.2 Theory of electrical resistivity method…………………………….17-19


CHAPTER THREE 

3.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Materials……………………………………………………………………….20-22

3.2 Methods………………………………………………………………………..22

3.3 Procedure……………………………………………………………………..22-23



CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 RESULTS

4.1 Resistivity of sand and polluted sandy soil……………….24-25
 
4.2 Resistivity of silt and polluted silty soil……………………..25

4.3 Resistivity of clayey and polluted clayey soil…………….25-26

4.4 Remediation methods…………………………………………………26-28

4.5 Characterization of the Contaminated Zone……………..28

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Conclusion       …………………………………………………………………….29
References

CHARACTERISTICS OF POLLUTED SANDS A CASE STUDY IN NIGER DELTA (REVIEW)
For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853

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  • Type: Project
  • Department: Geophysics
  • Project ID: GPH0005
  • Price: ₦3,000 ($20)
  • Chapters: 5 Chapters
  • Pages: 26 Pages
  • Methodology: Scientific
  • Reference: YES
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 510
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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Geophysics
    Project ID GPH0005
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 26 Pages
    Methodology Scientific
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

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    ABSTRACT This study is aimed at using the characteristics of polluted soil to delineate different soil layers and deduce ways of providing remediation to the problems generated as a result of soil pollution using Electrical Resistivity Method. An inversion of the measured apparent resistivity values using a computer program was carried out to... Continue Reading
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