ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN KIDNEY AND SKIN OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA MBAKARA

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  • Department: Chemistry
  • Project ID: CHM0135
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  • Pages: 42 Pages
  • Format: Microsoft Word
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ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN KIDNEY AND SKIN OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA MBAKARA


 


A RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT


 


 


ABSTRACT


This study was to determine the concentration of trace metal (Cd, Pb, Fe, Cu and Zn) in the skin and kidney of a cowmeat. The analysis was carried out using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The concentration of the trace metals in the different organs were as follows, skin cadmium 0.86 + 0.003, Lead 1.09 + 0.002, Iron 14.30 + 0.001 Copper 0.85 + 0.015 Zinc 6.48 + 0.001 and Kidney. Cadmium 0.78 + 0.001, Lead 0.39 + 0.002 Iron 9.15 + 0.003, Copper 1.52 + 0.002, Zinc 17.15 + 0.003. it was revealed that skin had the highest concentration of (Cd, Pb and Fe) while kidney had the highest concentration of (Cu and Zn), some result were higher than the WHO/FAO and EC recommended standard. High level of trace metal may pose a serious health problem to human cowmeat therefore adequate analysis and monitoring of trace metals in meat sold to the urban population is advocated.



 


TABLE OF CONTENT


Title page    --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       i


Certification         --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       ii


Dedication --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       iii


Acknowledgement         --       --       --       --       --       --       --       iv


Abstract      --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       v


Table of content   --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       vi-ix


CHAPTER ONE


1.0            Introduction         --       --       --       --       --       --       --       1


1.1            Background of the study         --       --       --       --       --       --       1-3


1.2            Aim and objectives        --       --       --       --       --       --       3-4


1.3            Scope and limitation      --       --       --       --       --       --       4


1.4            Definition of terms         --       --       --       --       --       --       4-5


 


CHAPTER TWO


2.0            Literature review --       --       --       --       --       --       --       6-9


2.1     Trace metal          --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       9


2.2     Trace metal and living organism       --       --       --       --       9-10


2.3     Types of trace metal      --       --       --       --       --       --       11


2.3.1  Cadmium    --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       11-12


2.3.2  Copper       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       12


2.3.3  Iron   --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       13


2.3.4  Zinc   --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       14


2.3.5  Lead --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       14-15


2.4     Beef (cowmeat)    --       --       --       --       --       --       --       15-16


2.5     Kidney        --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       16


2.6     Skin --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       17


CHAPTER THREE


3.0            Material and method      --       --       --       --       --       --       17


3.1     Materials    --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       17


3.2     Collection of Samples    --       --       --       --       --       --       17


3.3     Preservation of Samples                   --       --       --       --       --       18


3.4     Digestion of Samples     --       --       --       --       --       --       18-19


3.5     Trace metal analysis using AAS       --       --       --       --       19-20


CHAPTER FOUR


4.0            Result and Discussion   --       --       --       --       --       --       21


4.1     Result         --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       21


4.2     Discussion --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       21-25


CHAPTER FIVE


5.0            Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation      --       --       26


5.1     Summary and Conclusion       --       --       --       --       --       26-27


5.2     Recommendation --       --       --       --       --       --       --


          References


ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN KIDNEY AND SKIN OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA MBAKARA
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  • Type: Project
  • Department: Chemistry
  • Project ID: CHM0135
  • Access Fee: ₦5,000 ($14)
  • Pages: 42 Pages
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 283
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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Chemistry
    Project ID CHM0135
    Fee ₦5,000 ($14)
    No of Pages 42 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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