This research study “Motivation a Success Factor in an Organization” (A Case Study of ANAMMCO Nigerian Limited, Nigerian Port Authority Plc) was conducted to further enlighten management that the attainment of success in an organization has a direct bearing to motivation. This research revealed that rewarding employees for their contributions to the success of their organizations serves as the motivation factors inducement in them, that helps bring out the best in them.
Most organization ignore this drive that motivation is the success factor that we send employees thinking more of organization interest and less of individual interest. Countries like Japan, America, Russia, China, Europe are known for their technological advancement. The secret behind the success of these developed countries is that they have developed a culture of motivating their labour force. It is worthy to mention that a motivated worker is the most productive workers. The worker who sometimes equals or excel in any standard his boss sets or contemplates setting for him. Herzberge defined motivation in a book jointly written by Williams F. Dawling and Leonard R. Sayle titled “How motivates” (1971) as: “An inner desire to make an effort.
This definition implies that there is a reagent that acts as a catalyst that gears or gingers up the effort that make an employee go the extra mile to achieve what he/she would ordinarily not achieve under normal circumstances, the term “motivation” derives from the Latin movere “to move” it is virtually impossible to determine a person’s motivation until that person behaves or literally move. Robert Kreitner in the fifth edition of his book titled “management” (1990) defined motivation as “the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction.
By applying this process, managers attempt to get individuals to willingly pursue organizational objectives. The individual workers behave in a certain manner or toward a certain direction informed by a drive within them and this give them the urge to aspire to satisfy that objective.
The resultant effect of motivation is the attainment of higher productivity by organization (both private and public)
In essence motivation is a function of performance, which eventually leads to sustain the success of organization. A working definition (Cole 1995) of motivation is as follows: “Motivation is the term used to describe those process, both instructive and rations by which people seek to satisfy the basic drives, perceived needs and personal goals which trigger human behaviour”.
It becomes pertinent for all organization to know that motivation is a success factor in order to achieve higher performance.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page ii
Approval Page iii
Table of Contents viii
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the Study 2
1.2 Statement of the problem 7
1.3 Objective of the Study 8
1.4 Research Question 9
1.5 Definition of Terms 10
Review of Related Literature 14
2.1 Introduction 14
2.2 Meaning of Motivation 14
2.3 Motivation and Organization Performance 18
2.4 Various Theories of Motivation 19
2.5 Sources of Motivation Factors in Organization 26
2.6 Brief History of ANAMMCO 30
2.7 Summary of Literature Review 32
3.1 Methodology 34
3.2 Research Design 34
3.3 Sources of Data 35
3.4 Population Size 35
3.5 Sampling Plan 36
3.6 Sample Size 36
3.7 Instrument for Data Collection 37
3.8 Tools for Data Analysis 37
3.9 Scope of the Study 37
3.10 The Limitation of the Study 38
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis 39
Summary of Major Findings, Recommendation and Conclusions 57
5.1 Summary of Major Findings 57
5.2 Recommendations 59
5.3 Conclusion 60