This research work is aimed at finding the courses of the organization and management problems of rural water supply programme in Nigeria, with a case study of Anambra State Water Corporation Awka.
To guide this study thirteen (13) research questions were formulated and tested with percentages. Based on the findings, some major findings include that the Anambra State Water Corporation have adequate materials for implementing their works and services.
Consequently, it is found that organization and management problems of rural water supply in Nigeria, had adversely affected the functionality of the rural water supply.
Finally, it is found that the aim and objectives of rural water supply programme re not being achieved in Nigeria.
Based on the above finding, some major recommendations were made for effective implementations.
1. The management of Water Corporation Awka should pay staff their monthly salaries/wages in order to encourage staff for effective work.
2. Management in assessing the candidate for recruitment should consider the qualification of the qualified once in order to avoid weak staff or incompetent once.
3. The aims of the organization will be achieved if the management participate effectively with the above paints.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
List of tables
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the study
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research questions
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitation of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature review
2.1 The nature of rural water supply in the rural community
2.2 Administration of Anambra State Water Corporation (ANSWC)
2.3 Management and organizational of (ANSWC)
2.4 Operational and maintenance support facilities
2.5 Problems and projects of (ANSWC)
2.6 Summary of the related literature
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 Design of the study
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and sample technique
3.5 Instrument of data collection
3.6 Validation of the instrument
3.7 Reliability of the instrument
3.8 Method of data administration and retrieval
3.9 Method of data analysis
4.1 DATA PRESENTATION, AND ANALYSIS
5.0 Summary, recommendation and conclusion
5.3 Suggestion for further research
Nigeria is blessed by nature with a lot of natural resources amongst which water is one of them, WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO) confirmed that Nigeria was blessed with abundant water resources, the excess of which has been causing flood and erosion in many part of the country. However, the distribution of this water resources was not evenly spread over the country, life and other agricultural activities every year irrespective of the draught that frequently occur in the Northern part of the country of course, man had been obtaining water for domestic and other purposes since man’s creation. Water supply can therefore be said to be as old as man itself.
Inspite of the availability of resource, WHO (1976) maintained that “its supply to the majority of the population especially, the rural areas is very much inadequate”.
Anambra state of Niger Ediet No. 16 (1978) simply defined rural water supply as a wide category of scheme ranging from a well width buchet supplying water to a few isolated but to river pumping scheme from such a simple treatment as communal stand pipes to tap in individuals homes and provisions for linestock and vegetable gardens.
Ilo (1991), however stated that various traditional means of obtaining water has been developed by individual and communities for many centuries and that some of these systems were very much in use by various communities both rural and urban.
The United Nations Economic commission for Africa (1973) confirmed that it was only about 20% of the population of Nigeria that have access to potable water supply. It further stated that majority of these people are those that are living in the urban and semi urban area of the country and that even the privileged places that has access to such facilities were not being served sufficiently.
Thus the need for the provision of adequate water supply and sanitation is highly appreciated. And this had promoted the choice of the topic on the management and operational problems of rural water supply in Nigeria.
A case study of water corporation Awka, with a view to recommending solutions which if accepted, would help to solve these problems and as well, facilitates to the alleviation of the sobering of the people.
Water Corporation Awka was establishing as a parastatal under Anambra State of Nigeria Edict No.16 of (1978). The corporation was originally charged with the statutory responsibility of supplying drinking water to all the urban as well as the rural communities of old Anambra State. It was formerly the water section of then East Central State Ministry of Works and Housing. The general manage is responsible of the day to day running of the corporation, while the board of directors or the commissioner of the controlling ministry in the absence of the governing board, is responsible for policy matters only.
Umeh (1993) stated that the corporation is presently operating eleven (11) zonal offices in the state including Awka. He stated that the corporation is principally maintained from government subventions and budget allocation for capital projects and from internally generated revenue, water tariffs, sales of metres, fees etc, for its day to day operations.