DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION OF SOLANUM AETHIOPICUM AND SOLANECIO BIAFRAE LEAVES ALTERS STRESS AND IMMUNE RESPONSES, ANTIOXIDANT STATUS, AND MEAT QUALITY IN BROILERS RAISED IN A HOT-DRY ENVIRONMEN

  • Type: Project
  • Department: Animal Production
  • Project ID: ANP0070
  • Access Fee: ₦5,000 ($14)
  • Pages: 10 Pages
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 109
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ABSTRACT 

This study investigated the influence of dietary supplementation of Solanum aethiopicum and Solanecio biafrae leaves, which have nutraceutical properties, on stress response, cytokine expression, antioxidant status, blood chemistry, abdominal fat and meat quality in broilers reared in a hot, dry environment. 2. One day old, Ross 308 chicks (n = 350) were randomly allotted to basal diets containing either no supplement (D1); 2.5 g/kg Solanum aethiopicum leaf (SAL; D2); 5 g/kg SAL (D3); 2.5 g/kg Solanecio biafrae leaf (SBL; D4); or 5 g/kg SBL (D5) for 42 d. Birds were reared at 34 ± 2°C and 40–50% relative humidity for 6 h/d from 22–42 d. Each dietary group was replicated in seven pens containing 10 chicks. 3. In the period 1–21 d, body weight gain, feed efficiency and feed intake were not influenced by diet. At 22–42 and 1–42 d, birds supplemented with SAL and SBL had higher (P < 0.05) body weight gain and feed efficiency than the D1 birds. Cloaca temperature, carcase cuts and relative organ weight did not differ between diets. The D3 birds had higher (P < 0.05) erythrocytes and haemoglobin compared with other birds. Dietary supplements reduced (P < 0.05) mortality, abdominal fat, serum total cholesterol, corticosterone, glucose and blood aspartate aminotransferase levels. 4. The treatments up-regulated (P < 0.05) splenic intelukin-10, and down-regulated (P < 0.05) tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β genes. A dose-dependent improvement (P < 0.05) in antioxidant enzyme activities and total antioxidant capacity of serum and breast muscle were found in the supplemented birds. The breast meat of the supplemented birds had lower (P < 0.05) carbonyl and malondialdehyde contents, and higher (P < 0.05) water holding capacity and redness compared with the non-supplemented meat. 5. These results illustrated that supplementation with either 5 g/kg SAL or 5 g/kg SBL attenuated the deleterious effects of heat stress in broiler chickens

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION OF SOLANUM AETHIOPICUM AND SOLANECIO BIAFRAE LEAVES ALTERS STRESS AND IMMUNE RESPONSES, ANTIOXIDANT STATUS, AND MEAT QUALITY IN BROILERS RAISED IN A HOT-DRY ENVIRONMEN
For more Info, call us on
+234 8130 686 500
or
+234 8093 423 853

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  • Type: Project
  • Department: Animal Production
  • Project ID: ANP0070
  • Access Fee: ₦5,000 ($14)
  • Pages: 10 Pages
  • Format: Microsoft Word
  • Views: 109
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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Animal Production
    Project ID ANP0070
    Fee ₦5,000 ($14)
    No of Pages 10 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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