+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF MALARIA CASES AMONG THE CHILDREN AND ADULTS

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:65
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Mathematics Project Topics & Materials)

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Malaria remains one of the most serious global health problems. There are an estimated one million deaths each year, with nearly seventy five percent (75%) occurring in children living in sub-Saharan Africa.

The history of malaria stretches from its prehistoric origin as a zoometric disease in the primates of Akwa-ibom through to the twenty first (21st) Century. The name malaria was derived from two Latin words “mal” “aria”; where “Mal” means bad and “aria” Air.  It is due to the mistaken belief that it was caused by bad air, following the observation that it occurs mostly around damp places and marsh areas.

Malaria is a tropical disease caused by a parasitic called plasmodium falciparum carried by infected female anopheles mosquito and the disease causes periods of fever and shivering. Malaria can also be a disease caused by a parasite transmitted from person to person by certain types of mosquito. They feed on human body (anopheles mosquito). It uses its mouth called the proboscis to suck the blood of a person and deposits plasmodium on the person’s blood vessels. This plasmodium travel to the liver of a person where they increase in number and later the parasite enters the blood stream of the person and invades the red blood cells. Toxins are produced and circulate through the blood stream and the symptoms which appear about nine to fourteen (9-14) days after the infection from mosquito bites includes; fever, vomiting, headache, and other flu – like symptoms.

If the parasites bare resistant to drug, then the infection can leads to severe anemia and destruction of red blood cells that result in clogging of blood capillaries that carries blood to the brain resulting in cerebral malaria.

The government general hospital, Ikot-Abasi which is located in the south-west corner of Akwa-ibom state was established in 1933 by Anglican missionaries as a missionary hospital and later became a government own general hospital in 1982 in the then Calabar Province, for good reasons.

This general hospital was used during the Nigeria Civil War, as a combined hospital for military personnel and the public. In 1989, the hospital management board was created as a parastatal from ministry of health to manage the activities of the hospital by the Calabar Province. The hospital has several departments such as eye clinic, a dental clinic, ante-natal clinic, radiology department, laboratory department, pharmacy department and medical records department with an outstanding operating theatre with a special treatment centre.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Malaria has generated a lot of health challenges nationwide (Nigeria). Despite efforts by individuals, government and non-governmental organizations (NGO) in curbing this menace, it still poses a lot of threat to the society as such this research work is to ascertain the level at which their efforts through the years have reduce the level of the occurrence of malaria.

1.3     AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.3.1  AIM

To study the incidence of malaria cases among the children and adults in the Local Government Area.

1.3.2  OBJECTIVES

  1. To fit the regression equation.
  2. To determine the trend of the malaria infection on the population.
  3. To forecast for the future

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research work might be of great and good help to the researcher, students, Akwa-Ibom state (Ikot-Abasi L.G.A), ministry of health and all other stake holders. Also, this study might help individual or persons who may want more information of malaria in Ikot-Abasi Local Government Area of Akwa-ibom state.

1.5     DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is restricted to the reported cases of malaria in government general hospital, Ikot-Abasi Local Government Area of Akwa-ibom state. From the period of 1996 – 2015.

1.6     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The researcher encountered some challenges due to time constraints, economic situation of this era, financial problems and difficulty in getting data for analysis etc.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

REPELLENT: is a substance applied to skin, clothing or other surfaces which discourages insects from landing or climbing on the surface

ANOPHELES MOSQUITO: this is a type of mosquito that transmits the malaria parasite to human.

FANSIDAR: is an effective and well tolerated drug for malaria treatment.

GAUZE: a very thin light cloth used to make clothing to cover cuts and to separate solids from liquids.

SPORZOIDS: these are elongated bodies produced in the salivating gland of an anopheles mosquito.

SCHIZONT: this result from the multiplication and growth of sporozoids, they contain many merozoids and pigments.

TIME SERIES: it refers to the set of observation recorded at a particular time usually at a regular interval.

TOXIC METABOLITES: these are toxic release from rupturing of the schizonts.

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Mathematics
Project ID MTH0018
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 65 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Mathematics
    Project ID MTH0018
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 65 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

      ABSTRACT The data for this research work titled statistical analysis of reported cases of Breast cancer was collected from the National Hospital Abuja. The statistical tool used for the analysis of the data is Time Series. The time series model gave a slope of -1.2 which indicates that new cases of the disease is  gradually decreasing. CHAPTER... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS.  The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person to another predominantly through sexual contact.  The scope of the study was also special and federal medical center Umuahia (FMC) was... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT             The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS.  The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person to another predominantly through sexual contact.  The scope of the study was also special and federal medical... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Onchocerciasis is increasingly recognized as one of the major diseases of public health importance in endemic parts of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan, Africa. (WHO 1995). The main purpose of this study is to carry out a statistical analysis of the reported cases of onchocerciasis disease, from 2000-2011. A case study of federal... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT             The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS.  The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person to another predominantly through sexual contact.  The scope of the study was also special and federal medical... Continue Reading
    A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF REPORTED CASES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITED DISEASE IN THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE UMUAHIA (F.M.C) FROM 1995 – 2004 ABSTRACT The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS. The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person to... Continue Reading
    A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF REPORTED CASES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITED DISEASE IN THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE UMUAHIA (F.M.C) FROM 1995 – 2004 ABSTRACT The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS. The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person to... Continue Reading
    A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF REPORTED CASES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITED DISEASE IN THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE UMUAHIA (F.M.C) FROM 1995 – 2004 ABSTRACT The entire project work/study talks about the full meaning of the STDS.  The causes of the sexually transmitted diseases were found out to be virus and bacteria which can be transmitted from one person... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The issue of malnutrition has become a household name among families with children from zero to five years. It is evident that the nutritional status of children is widely regarded as one of the well-known indicators of economic development of that particular region in question. There has been... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria among children in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Research questions were formulated using the questionnaire as research instrument. One hundred and fifty respondents were used as sample study to determine the prevalence of malaria in the area. Result showed that... Continue Reading