This research work was aimed at studying the Impact of Financial Management in Controlling Fraud in Olamaboro Local Government Council. The objective of this work is to provide realistic strategies on how the resources of the local government can be effectively controlled so as to avoid fraud and misappropriation. The researcher used both primary and secondary methods in collecting data. Analysis of the data was done through the use of simple percentage method for easy understanding. It was revealed after the investigation that effective financial management and control is very necessary for good governance in Olamaboro local government area. And for this to be possible, there must be accountability for any money spent. At the end, the researcher also made the recommendations that there is need to appoint competent staff to ensure that appropriate records such as balance sheets are kept and updated, and that the need for the internal and external auditors to work together cannot be over emphasized.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The question of financial control and management or Accountability has received a lot of attention in all governments of the world. Nigeria right from the colonial period in particular towards the attainment of independence also devised a way of controlling government finance.
There is no way public sector especially that of local government area can operate without adequate finance. It will be needed to satisfy the aspirations of the masses.
Government is saddled with the responsibility of providing security of lives and properties, educational services as well as construction of roads and bridges. These and many other services required that a lot of finances are needed and are generated to be spent on doing every thing for them but failed to realize that government resources are limited while the societal needs are unlimited.
However, there is a need to manage the limited resources so that social expectation can be met. Today, that desire to get rich quickly among the political administrators and the top officers of local government is a shameful practice that subjected them to defraud local government financial resources careless spending of public fund.
Besides, the act of accounting or giving bribes and 10% kick back, tips, embezzlement, misappropriation tax evasion, over-invoicing under invoicing and all sort of fraudulent practices is the general observation and complaint of the public. These raised the need for major central and management of financial resources.
To this end, financial management is another effective tool that can limit misappropriation, embezzlement and all such fraudulent practices especially in local government administration.
People’s fraudulent act can only be controlled through effective financial management according to Pandey (1979) financial managements is that management activities which are concerned with the planning and controlling of the firms financial resources.
Bagaji (2002), defined financial management as a liability which entails the establishment of a pattern of control over receipt and expenditure so that public funds can be used for their purposes.
Effective financial management is the same answer for prevention of fraud, embezzlement and misappropriation of funds.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is observed that the account of Olamaboro local government is not prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations (constitution). Non-payment of revenue into government account, fraud and executive embezzlement is rampant. Citizens of Olamaboro local government area itself were complaining of abandoned projects not executed and the local government also in the same way, complains of inadequate funds to meet up with the obligations. It is on this note that the researcher wishes to see if financial management could prevent fraud in Olamaboro local government area and ensure effective financial management in controlling local government financial resources.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is carried out to analyze the effects of financial management in controlling fraud in a public sector. The current work covers an aspect of resources control, fraud prevention and especially treasury management.
The study will be limited to Olamaboro local government headquarters especially in the treasury department.
However, the result shall be generalized on the entire Olamaboro local government area and all the local governments in Nigeria. The study covers the entire staff of treasury department of Olamaboro local government area who are responsible for policy execution. It examines the causes of fraud, the techniques for controlling it and the level of staff involvement for the 2013-2014.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: Pandey (1981), defines financial management as that managerial activity which is concerned with the planning and controlling of the firm’s financial resources.
MANAGEMENT: Nwachukwu (1988), defines management as getting things done through other scientifically defined coordination controlling of the organization resources.
FINANCE: Inegebeneber and Agodudu (1995), defined finance as concerned with cash or resources for purchasing goods
FRAUD: Aliyu (2002), conceptualized fraud as deception or cheating in one way or the other, which is not acceptable by law.
CONTROL: Johnson (1991) defines control as the process by which managers ensure that resources are obtained and used effectively in accomplishment of a goal.
FINANCIAL CONTROL: Abubakar (1992), defined financial control as ‘’the institutionalization of administrative and statutory measures to ensure that appropriate funds are spent according to set down rules and regulations, minimization of waste, checking dishonesty and extravagance and the promotion of economy and effectiveness in the conduct of the financial activities of government.
IMPACT: For the purpose of the work, impact means effective change either negative or positive
L.G.A: An abbreviation that connotes Local Government Area
PUBLIC SECTOR: Basu Rumri (2001) defined public sector as the arm of government policies and actions.
FINANCIAL RESOURCES: Simply means cash or money or revenue of a local government for financing capital and recurrent project.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF STUDY
The project is limited to the Impact of Financial Management in Controlling Fraud in Local Government Area. with particular reference to Olamaboro Local Government Area.
The study is organized into five chapters; chapter one is all about general introduction or the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, significance of the study, research questions, scope of the study and definition of terms.
Chapter two talked about literature review, concept of fraud, financial management in public sector, curbing fraud through financial management, expenditure in public service and its control through financial management, expenditure in public service and its control through finance in Olamaboro local government area, and the tools of financial management.
Chapter three dwells mainly on research methodology, design, method of data collection, population and sample of the study instrument used in data collection and method of data analysis.
Chapter four comprises data presentation, analysis of data and discussion of findings.
Finally, chapter five as usual, focuses on summary, conclusion and recommendations.THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN CONTROLLING FRAUD IN THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM