THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP STYLES ON THE EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE
( A CASE STUDY OF IDEATO NORTH L.G.A IMO STATE)
This investigation is centered on the Impact of Leadership style’s on employee’s Performance on Ideato North L.G.A in Imo State.
This chapter two of this research work is viewed on It’s historical economic and socio-cultural development and comparative attempts geared towards eradication of monstrous performance of the employees and bad leadership aspect of the leaders in various local government in Nigeria.
The chapter three of this work deals with the prolonged neglect and laissez faire attitude of Nigeria government (both military and civilian) has resulted to abysmal performance of both the leaders and employees in Nigeria local government.
The chapter four of this project deals with poor performance that made or causes rural urban drift from the local areas to urban cities in search of better living abandoning the rural economic activities to the detriment of both the people and government at large.
The fifth chapter which happens to be the last and not the least which deals with Ideato North Local government council of Imo State has consequences or chestrated by this poor performance of both the leaders and the employees the continuous economic retardation and poor standard of living ushered in this economic phenomenon is meticulously addressed in this work. The effect and causes and lasting solution to this problem are explicitly analyses and the strict application of this endearing solution will jump start the economic development of Ideato North Local Government of Imo State.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Chapter one: Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Theoretical framework
1.3 Statement of the problem
1.4 Objective of the study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Scope and limitation of the study
2.0 Concept of Leadership style
2.1 Types of leadership
2.2 The social and Economic effect of
leadership styles in Ideato L.G.A Council
2.3 A human relations approach as a
leadership styles in Ideato North L.G.A
2.4 The Challenging problems of productivity
in Ideato North L.G.A
3.1 The design of the study
3.2 The Area of The study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.5 Instrument of data collection
3.6 Validation of instrument
3.7 Method of Data Analysis
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Data Presentation
4.2 Interpretation of Data
4.3 Data Analysis
Summary, recommendation and conclusion
5.4 Suggestion for further study
Leadership style is a method of administration adopted by Individual organization or group of people to pilot the affairs of their employees to ensure effectiveness and efficiency in the organization.
This is also a way and manager leaders or manner of different organization choose to run their administration to achieve the organizational goals.
According to Akanwa (1998) he pointed out styles of leadership: Authoritative style, This is also called dictatorship. This type or style of leadership consider no opinion of the led. He went to mention democratic style laisaz fair style etc.
According to Blessing .N. Onyemesim (2008) She pointed out what is known as Likerts kinking pin system or style by “ (2004). The approaches are exploitive system benevolent system, consultative and participative styles: these are styles of leadership for the purpose of it’s s et goal.
As already mentioned above leadership style is a method by which management of individual organization carries out it’s administrative or managerial function in an organization or order to actualize the organizational objectives.
Leadership styles in Ideato north Local government council is the administrative pattern, which it has adopted to plan. Organize co-ordinate, control and direct it’s employees to ensure effectiveness, efficiency and viability
In it’s area of jurisdiction.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Ideato North Local Government council was created on 28th June 1991 out of Ideato local government (now Ideato North). It comprise of Nine autonomous communities such as Uruala Osina, Akpula, Isi okwe and Umualaoma, Arondizuogu, Ndi uche ndi Amazi Ndi Okoro.
As a new Local Government, Ideato-North Local government had It’s first election in 1991 which was won by Hon Sunday Ogbonorji under the umbrella of social Democratic party (SDP) during this period, before the annulment of the 1993 presidential election, Sunday Obguorji employed 75 workers in the local government council of Ideato North.
After Ogbunorji regime, Mrs Grace Okoro was made the care taker chairman and she led up to two years.
In 1996,Abacha started his transitioned to civil rules and organized zero party election which brought in Hon. Chukwudozie Onuekwma as the executive chairman from 1996-1977. In this same 1997, five (5) political parties were formed by Abacha regime which brought in Barrister Irem Livinus under the shade of National center party (NCP) he stayed only one year because of Abacha’s death in 1998. Hon Nweke was appointed as the transition chairman
After the death of Abacha, Abdusalami Abubakar took over and handed over to civilian within or after 9 months as he promised. After that, three (3) political parties were formed and Ideato north local government council was led by people’s Democratic party (PDP).Hon Okoro uduma as the chairman from 199-2003., After that, uchenna Chukwu was appointed as the caretaker chairman which lasted 7 months and he contested and won the election. Under the platform of people Democratic party (PDP). After his tenure, another (PDP) candidate won as the chairman of Ideato North local government council by Eluka Chigozie who is still the chairman till date.
With the above narration , we c an notice that Ideato North Local Government Chairman both appointed and elected. And the number if employees and they employed are respectively stated below:.
v Sunday Ogbuorji 75employees
v Mrs. Grace Okoro 95 employees
v Chukwudozie Onukuna 35 Employees
v Nweke 120 employees
v Okoro Uduma 75 employee
v Uchenna Chukwu no employment yet.
As listed above, they had their respective way of leadership styles, which contributed both the growth and downfall of I’deato north local government council’s social; and economic development.
In I’deato north local government council, since its birth, the government of different regimes has ceaselessly fashioned out one policy or the other as well as programmers tailored toward uplifting the standard of the living of the people as well welfare through policies in education, labour, health, employment and human development made by, federal government. But due to different styles of leadership, the aim of some programmes and policies were achieved and some were not achieved.
Some of the programmers that could not be achieved are: health policy, human development and employment.
Health, which is defined by world health organization (who) as a state of complete physical, mental and social well been and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity. This could not be achieved because of nepotism using people who are not qualified to carry out such technical programme like immunization and giving injection to babies of under age and this is as a result of mismanagement of personnel and due to biased leader.
Human development due to laissez faire leadership style, and corruptive nature of leaders, they could not bring out money to train their manpower to meet up with the changing technology, so, it make’s the local government council to lack adequate manpower.
Employment, in some regimes, due to laissez faire leadership style and corruption nature of some leaders, they could not bring out money to train their man power to meet up with the changing technology, so it makes the local government council to lack adequate resources.
Human development due to non-utilization of human resource or more correctly, that part of labour force which is available, capable and willing of productive employment, they give or offer employment under who knows or you from whose hand and this brings red-tapism and inefficiency because this is a situation where the merited one’s are employed rather than those who are not qualified because of nepotism or tribalism.
The major cause of them not being able to achieve some of the policies or program is because of the type of leadership style they adopted. They adopted laissez faire system of leadership style, which means that there is freedom of choice as to what the member’s of the group would do. It presupposes that every member is mature and knows what to do and would do so even without being asked to do so. In this style, there are few rules and regulation in the hierarchy of authority.
The workers do work without any directive or procedure. The leader is essential tolerant, a mere figolhead and this is why they could employ without checkmating the employees to know whether they are productive or not.
This type of leadership increase red-tapism ghost workers and other nasty activities that could spoil some good efforts few people will be making.
Ideato north local government council is 19 years old and has been led or ruled by 6 local government chairman, they have done so much especially in the side of education. Education being conceived as the most important direct means of upgrading the human intellect and skills for productive engagement
Ideato (now Ideato North) local government council is blessed with fertile soil, they are among the producing product such as cassava, garri in the state which is called cassava, garri, yam in quantity and this helps the parent to take care of their children on school.
The habitants of ideato north were not well known scholars before or traders or government workers rather their major occupation was farming but now they have many graduates, barristers, chief judges etc. but still it needs proper management of resources so as to bring farm mechanize their farming system in order to increase productivity and ensure efficiency
Below is the organi-gramme of ideato north local government council.
There are total of 368 workers in Ideato local government council. 28 management members and 40 senior staff, 35 middle management or supervisory and 265 junior staff.
1.2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
The researcher takes his theoretical framework from the perspective on types of leadership and how it affects the employee’s performance.
Akanwa(1998) view leadership as a process of influence on a group in a particular situation, at a given point in time and in a specific set of circumstance that stimulate people to strive willingly to attain organizational objectives.
Koontz et al (1980) saw leadership as influence, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.
According to Ray Njoku (2008) view leadership as the act or process of influencing people in a positive way so that they are willing to corporate with the leader to achieve organizational goals.
From the above theories, it becomes clear that leadership is the process of influencing others towards the accomplishment of goals. It is the ability of the manager to influence induces his sub ordinates to work with influence.
This approach is relevant to this study because of the anonymities and bureaucratic nature of Nigerian government. It will help to employ the zealous and merited workers who are willing to work effectively for efficiency and drop the lack adaisical ones.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
A critical observation has depicted that the leadership style of ideato north local government council of Imo state has reached it’s alarming stage. The leadership style is one of the monsters that distort greatly in the social-economic development council. The astronomical increase in the leadership styles has diminished the general progress and welfare of local government council.
The style of leadership adopted by different administrators of ideato north local government council have contributed to rising and downfall of ideato north local government economy especially the side of human resources management which is the key point of economic and social development.
The laissez faire and democratic leadership styles operated in Ideato local government council made some personnel to be free and it as also caused red-tapism and increased ghost workers because there is delegation of authority and free hand given to them without much law or rules attached.
This research has been carried out to know the problems or the impact of leadership styles on employee performance in ideato local government council and to find solution to the problems
1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is to critically ascertain the impact of the leadership styles on the performance of the employees in Ideato local government council in Imo state and find a lasting solution.
Another objective is also to find society especially the young youths and then re direct their minds into effective leadership styles.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
H0: laissez faire leadership style does not cause social and economic under development.
H1: mediocrity does not cause ineffectiveness and inefficiency in an organization.
H2: red-tapism does not hinder organization progress.
1.6 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
This study is significant because it will restructure the minds of Ideato north politicians and will also touch the employer to employ mostly the dedicated and diligent workers or employees to enhance productivity. It will also help to unveil the core cause of the ineffectiveness leadership style in ideato north local government in Nigeria.
This study will examine the problems of the leaders in ideato north local government, their method of employment and workers who are responsible for inefficiency in Imo state.
This study will also serve as a reference material to future leaders and workers of ideato north local government and it will all intensify the effort on how to avert the creation of shortage of money allocated or being allocated to the local government from the federation account.
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