THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NIGERIA

(Business Administration and Management)

IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN ENUGU STATE

(A CASE STUDY OF OJI RIVER LGA)

 ABSTRACT

This study titled “Impact of Effective Management of Resources In Solving Unemployment Problems in Nigeria (A Case study of Oji River LGA Area of Enugu State) how they have carried its operations to bring this phenomenon to its minimum. In order to active this an empirical survey and library research were carried out. The sources of data used include both primary and secondary data.  The primary sources of data are the administration questionnaire and oral interview while the secondary sources includes statistical tools. The research reveals that the local government has not put the necessary machinery in place to tackle unemployment.  One reason being lack of managerial skill operating in the area. This factors has been a force militating against solving unemployment problem.  It was discovered also that the local government under study engages in various activities and schemes including provision of pipe borne water rural electrification project to attract investor to harness the available natural resources to create employment of the people. This work was divided into five chapter.  The research here by recommended that government should embark on massive enlightenment  programme and advantages associated with the effective management of the scarce resources, since most operation of resources are state illiterates. 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    INTRODUCTION                                              

1.1    Background of study.                          

1.2        Statements of the Problem                  

1.3        Purpose of the Study                          

1.4        Scope of the study                                     

1.5        Research Question                                      

1.6        Significance of the Study                             

1.7        Definition of Terms                                     

Reference                                                 

CHAPTER TWO

2.1    REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE         

Reference                                                 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY   

3.1    Research design                                 

3.2        Selection of Population                                

3.3        Sample Size                                              

3.4        Development of Research Material                

3.5        Questionnaire Design                          

3.6        Research Procedure                            

3.7        Treatment of Data                                      

CHAPTER FOUR

 DATA PRESENTATION & ANALYSIS                     

4.1        Presentation and Analysis Of Data                 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1        Summary of Findings                          

5.2        Conclusion                                         

5.3        Recommendation                                       

Bibliography

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

1INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Unemployment has been and stills a major problem in Enugu State. A study recently carried out by researchers showed that about 80% of the labour force in the local government area are unemployed people in Oji- River is made up of youths and young school levers whose number in the labour market is on the increase year because of the high rate of people graduating from both the secondary and tertiary institution. A few  of them who are employed solely depend on the government and a greater percentage of them years for the non-existent non government organization or corporate bodies for their unshed labour which according to Byrness and stone (1981:147) people are only employed when they      are unable to work and would be willing to accept a prevailing wage paid to people that posed the skill they have but either cannot find or have mot yet joined suited employment” Byrness believed that a person become unemployed  when be has a required skilled to sell to an employer who is willing to buy his still for a wage the problem of unemployment can be reduced if the already existing establishment within Oji-Rivers local government Area are effectively managed.

        The first problem that confronts the young job seeker hope on getting mainly administrative jobs which with the changing economic trend and high labour cost become very expressive for the employer who will prefer to improve the skill of his staff or computerize his company therefore cutting labour cost and maximizing his profit when this become unemployed with little or no hope of getting employment because of the charging trends modernization and technological development   of labour management based on this short fall in employment becomes problem.

 

is that he seek On way to improve unemployment is through the effective management of resources in an establishment.  Effective management of resources in an establishment in Oji- Rive to encourage specialization and division of labour which means that more will also be encouraged to exhibit the dexterity in certain skill so as to perform the tasks more effectively at a higher rate of out put so as to meet the demand of their customers by their specialization is encouraged a t opposed to the use of computers which needs few people to feed information into them.  Effective management of scare resources in Oji-River will reduce unemployment and the dependence on government corporate bodies as the last hope of job seeker for engaging income generating ventures.

As a matter of factor this will put smile on the faces of school leavers who will be assured that they can be gainfully engaged and acquire proficiency in desired skills through their engagement in profitable of any establishment’s he effective management of resources in Oji- River Local Government Area will no doubt eradicate or reduce the social outery about the tills perpetrated by the employed people who as a matter of fact constitute a social menaces to the society. Some of the soil toilers and moilers will however be employed by these establishment

 

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM    

The problem of how unemployed can be solved by the effective management of resources is the core of the study. The researcher instead to find out what effect effectively managed resources will have in the reduction of unemployment rate in Oji-River Local government. The population on which the study will be based on the researcher intends to look at based on the operations of the establishment within the area and how effective the managers of these business or establishment will contribute in the study area

1.3    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to elicit the use of effective management of scare resources as a mean of reducing unemployment problem within Oji-River local government Area

1.4    SCOPE OF THE STUDY 

The scope of the study is to find out how unemployment problem can be solved through the proper use of scare resources in establishment. The study will be limited to Oji- River local government Area which will be used s the study population for the basis of the study.

 

1.5    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

-       Is there any way (s) to improve on the present mode of operations of

Resources through effective management?

-       Can it create employment opportunities in Oji- River local government Area

-       In what way (s) can effective management of resources be used as a tool reducing unemployment in Oji- River Local Government Area?

1.6    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of the study states who should benefit from the research and how. The study will go a long way in helping to achieve the strong impression.  The effective manageemnt of resources will create in solving unemployment problem in Oji-River Local Government and Nigeria in general.  It will also reduce the mismanagement of resources that leads to termination of worker in an establishment thereby creates unemployment in the local Government.

1.7    DEFINITION OF TERMS 

It is good to give operational meaning to the word misinterpretation by readers he term associated with this study will be clearly defined and provision will be made for other definitions as they occur while the study is progress.

UNEMPLOYMENT  

According to R,T Byreness and G.N stones (1981 p 14.7) is the amount of the unused labour involving skilled or unskilled people who are willing to work but could not secure employment as a result from the bulk of dependent people in the society

 

ESTABLISHMENT 

The basic structures and facilities necessary for a country or organization of  functions efficiently

MANAGEMENT

Management from  layman’s view is getting things done through and with people  aimed at achieving ones personal goal or in contest with the goals of the organization

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