PROBLEMS OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN ENUGU STATE GOVERNMENT PARASTATALS
(A study of Enugu state broadcasting service (ESBS) Enugu)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Human resource Management is the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, consolidation, maintenance and separation of human resource to the accomplishment of individual, organization and societal objectives. Human resources Management is also a methods and functions towards the mobilization and development o personnel as human resource with the objectives of efficiency and greater productivity in a company, government administration and other organizations. Human resources management involves a management and operatives function which includes planning of human resources, developing of human resource, compensation of human resources, and integration. The problem of human resource management focuses on the challenges and prospects of human resources management in Enugu State Broadcasting Services.
Human Resources Management according to dressler and varkey (2010)’ Human resources management’ defines the process of all the policies and practices that are involved in carrying out the issues and aspects of management position which involves element of acquiring, recruiting, training, appraising, compensating, employees and addressing their health and labour relations safety and fairness concerns as well. All thus element of human resources management functions stated above plays an important role in developing the productivity of the organization, if carried out efficiently and fairly. In the aspect of business approach for the definition of human resources management as follows is a model of personnel management that focuses on the individual rather than
taking a collective approach. Management is often devolved to line managers. It is characterized by an emphasis on strategic integration, employee commitment workforce flexibility, and quality of goods and services.
Human resources management is also concerned with obtaining the best possible staff of any organization, providing them with suitable or conclusive working environment so to enable them bring out their hidden skills. However, Wendell went further to emphasis that there should be no discrimination or demarcation between man and woman working for an organization. The human resource management of an organization for example. The Enugu state Broadcasting Service (ESBS) ranging from General Managers down to messenger involves both.
Moreover, James (1928), observed that the effective and efficient use of people in a productive firm goes hand in hand with the means of motivating them in order to get the best of their skills and abilities. He further observed that the task of motivation workers rest on the management team as a whole, managers have more roles to play in order to stimulate or enhance productivity. Appraisal and encouragement assess the employees performance in comparison with the set standards and producing feedback on those out comes with either the aim of motivating them to continue with the present behavior or eliminate certain activities in order to improve their performance with a large focus towards contributing to the organizational performance (Dessler and Varkkey 2010).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The statement of problem is to investigate the challenges and prospects in Enugu Broadcasting services as regarding to human resources management. What are the type of problems and prospects militating or confronting this organization who is responsible for this challenges.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
Due to the fact that every aspect of business organization is undergoing accelerating challenges, the objectives are to understand, investigation and analyze the challenges, and prospects in Enugu State Broadcast Services (ESBS) Enugu State.
i. To identify the challenges of human resources management in workers productivity.
ii. To identify whether the challenges have created any impact on the productivity of workers.
iii. TO ascertain the difficulties experienced in the performance of the practice of human resources management.
1.4 Research Question
i. What are the challenges and prospects of human resources management in the productivity of workers in the organization.
ii. To what extent have the challenges created any impact on the productivity of workers.
iii. What are the difficulties experienced in this performance of these practice of human resource management.
1.5 Research Hypothesis
Research Hypothesis I
H0: The challenges of human resources management have lowered the productivity of workers.
H1: The challenges facing human resources management have not lowered the productivity of workers
Research Hypothesis 2
H0: The challenges have created any impact in the
productivity of the workers.
H2: The challenges have not created any impact in the
productivity of the workers.
Research Hypothesis 3
H0: There are difficulties experienced in the performance
of the practice of human resource.
H3: There are no difficulties experienced in the performance of the practice of human resource.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The study would be immense use to the research and for other researchers and academics who may review study in the course of their researches.
Student of management and managers of organizations are equally to benefit from the study.
Also the work would be of great benefit to the government, providing solution to their problems and bringing reform to the organization. It will also or equally in no small measure be of good use to the general public or teacher.
1.7 Scope of the Study
The study focuses on the problem of human resource management in Enugu State Broadcasting Services ESBS, which intention is to look at the organization and it’s environment.
1.9 Definition of Terms
i. Efficiency: This is a measure of how well or how productivity resources are used to achieve a goal set by the organization. This can be achieved when managers minimize the amount of input resources (such as labour, raw material, and component parts) or the amount needed to produce a give output of goods and services.
ii. Effectiveness: It is also a measure of appropriateness of the goods that managers have selected for organization to pursue, and of the degree of which the organization achieved these goals.
iii. Management: This is a process of planning organizing, leading and controlling of human and other resources to achieve organizational or individual goals efficiently and effectively.
iv. Broadcasting: This is the act of disseminating information through the media to the general public.
v. Aspiration: This simply means a strong desire to have or achieve something.
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