PROBLEMS OF PROJECT FINANCING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIAN BANK FOR COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY

(Accounting)

PROBLEMS OF PROJECT FINANCING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIAN BANK FOR COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (NBCI)

ABSTRACT

It is generally accepted that development banks like most other types of financial institutions are facing a number of problems that most pressing and immediate of these, the problems of project financing and implementation are most exacting and formidable.

This study is therefore carried out as a first step towards identifying these problems, with a view to finding lasting solution to them.  the study also deals with the introductory aspects of the research.

It briefly examines the origin of development banking in Nigeria with particular reference to the establishment of the Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI).  Chapter one contains information on the statement of the problem, objectives of study, the significance of the study, the scope and limitations of the study and a clear definition of terms and abbreviations used in the study.

Chapter two contains information on literature review. 

Chapter three and four deals with data collection and analysis. The research hypothesis deals with both primary and secondary data, which also tested hypothesis formulated in chapter one.

The research was finalized with interesting research findings, recommendations and conclusions as regards to the best means of eradicating or at least minimizing the problems of project financing and implementation in Nigeria.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0             Introduction                                     

1.1       Background of the study                

1.2             Statement of the Problem               

1.3             Objectives of the study                  

1.4             Research hypothesis                                   

1.5             Scope and limitations of the study           

1.6             Definition of terms and abbreviations

Notes                                                             

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0             Literature Review                                       

2.1       History of the Bank (NBCI)                       

2.2             Sources of Fund                                          

2.3             Functions and Operation of NBCI            

2.3.1       Cannon of lending                                      

2.3.2       Conditions for borrowing from NBCI

2.4             Securities acceptable for bank lending   

2.5             Method of taking security                         

2.6             Financing lease and types                          

2.7             Advantages and disadvantages of leasing           

2.8             Problems of finance by banks

Notes                                     

CHAPTER THREE

3.0             Introduction 

3.1       Selection of Population      

3.2             Sample and sampling          

3.3             Method of data collection 

3.4             The techniques of data analysis.  

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation and Analysis                

4.1       Data Analysis                                  

4.2             Test of Hypothesis                          

CHAPTER FIVE

4.0             Research Findings, Recommendations and Conclusions

5.1       Research Findings                           

5.2             Recommendations                          

5.3             Conclusions                                     

Bibliography                                    

Appendix (questionnaire)             

 

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1            BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

Specialized financial institutions in Nigeria otherwise referred to as development banks are to a large extent a financial innovation of the post independence era.  In Nigeria, development banking came to be conducted soon after the attainment of political independence in 1960.

The establishment of the Federal Government of a special financial institutions such as the Nigeria Industrial Development Bank (NIDB) in 1964, the Nigerian Agricultural and Co-Operative Bank (NACB) in 1973 and Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) in 1973 came as a result of the increasing demand for medium to long term loan capital for industrial development.

Traditionally, commercial banks concentrate on short-term finance for commerce and industry by granting self-liquidating loans strictly on a short-term basis.  Since commercial banks were of little assistance, the Nigerian enterpreneurs had to look forward to these development finance institutions for long-term financial assistance.  A number of state owned development finance institutions have also been established throughout the federation.

These special financial institutions were established for the following functions:

·        Provision of medium to long-term finance for industry, mines, commerce and agriculture.

·        To render assistance in the acquisition of local finance and initiative and carrying these with foreign technical and managerial expertise.

·        To render corporate advice to investors on the most appropriate capital gearing in order to enable them involve high prudent investment profit.

·        To render corporate advice to investors on the most appropriate capital gearing in order to enable them involve high prudent investment profit.

·        To participate actively on the growth of the Nigerian currency and capital market.

The Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) is by legal status a statutory corporation of the Federal Government of Nigeria an not a limited liability company and was established by the NBCI Act, formerly NBCI Decree No. 22 of 1973.  The NBCI engaged in all aspects of commercial and merchant banking activity based on financial services such as identification of viable projects, project appraisal and financing, portfolio management on behalf of corporate customers and wealthy individual foreign exchange operations and stock market operation comprising of share issue, underwriting and contingency, warehousing of shares floated on the Nigerian currency and capital market.

The NBCI is faced with a myriad of complex problems in an attempt to fulfill its normal role expectations.  The problems that militate against its project development effort, both at the pre-disbursement and implementation stage of project financing and evolution by NBCI and its customers.  There are three categories of problems that have been identified by way of casualty.

(i)                Problems attributed to NBCI Authorities.

(ii)             Problems caused by potential borrowers and investors.

(iii)           Constraints attributable and uncontrollable political and macro-economic factors.

 

1.2            STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          Like any other development finance institution in the country, the NBCI has been graphing with a series of difficulties and recurrent problems that emerge both at the financing and implementation stage of project development in Nigeria.

A flurry of complaints and counter accusations have also been levied against NBCI by its customer.  While some of them apply fabrication, blackmail and intimidation tactics.  Others employ the use of graft against certain bank officials to force their way through the needle’s eye.

The provisions of long-term loan agreements are hardly honoured after the initial loan agreements, both implementation, project supervision efforts by bank officials are often frustrated by the client companies unco-operative attitude.  Furthermore, excessive borrowing by investors from other financial institutions without consultations with the development bank that provided the initial assistance thereby defying the relevant term loan agreement is yet another widespread malpractice.  Also a significant proportion of potential investors and loan beneficiaries to divert funds into non-business or private activities and to enter into clandestine agreements with suppliers of raw materials, machinery and equipment quite irresistible.  All these malpractices constitute formidable problems to the development banker, particularly (      NBCI).

There are a number of uncontrollable factors that militate against their progress such as the effects of instability in government policy, rules and regulations, the difficulty of obtaining official permits and licenses, problems of the expatriate quote and lack of technical knowledge, laziness and insufficient interest and concern on the part of certain officials of the development bank.  The terms of financial assistance which are often complained about are those pertaining to security, interest rate, equity, contributions and finance or lost over run as well as restrictions placed on fundamental operational procedures.  Except for cases whereby the borrower offer as collateral, assets and which he has a defective title, otherwise given satisfactory technical and managerial arrangements, a development bank would normally be satisfied with placing a fixed legal charge on a company’s forced assets acquired purely for business making when the development bank would require a filed asset coverage of 1.7.3 or any other official approved ratio, otherwise collaterals would be demanded by the bank.  The realization of these fixed assets are the only hope the bank has for recovering its investment in case of business failure.

Other problems are continually being encountered during the financing and implementation stages of most projects in the country by the (NBCI).  These problems are classified into three different categories, viz;

(i)                Problems attributable to the borrowers of term loan.

(ii)             Problems caused to NBCI authorities

(iii)           Problems attributable to non-controllable factors such as the structural adjustment programme (SAP) and the introduction of the foreign exchange market (FEM) etc.

It is now thirty-one years since the NBCI was established; yet the bank has not much to show in terms of dynamism, efficiency and contributions to the aggregate levels of capital formation in Nigeria, in spite of the increasing levels of demand for long term finance from the nations agro-allied and industrial sector.

The aim of this work is therefore to examine theses problems critically and thereafter suggest lasting solutions for the minimization of some of the problems.

 

1.3            OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The broad objectives of this research work is to identify the various constraints to project financing and implementation in Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) with a view to finding lasting solution to these problems.

Specific objectives of study are listed below as follows:

(i)                To examine in detail, the various step involved in borrowing from NBCI and to appraise the investment modalities and viability requirements of project financing in Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI).

(ii)             To examine the role expectations and performance of NBCI  in industrial project financing.

(iii)           To find out the banks investment priorities and the conditions under which the loans are disbursed.

(iv)           To assess the average waiting time per prospective borrower before they can obtain NBCI’S letter of intent.

(v)             To assess the total number of loan applications received to date as well as total number of sanctions and loan disbursements made by the bank between 1988 and 2003.

(vi)           To identify the factors inhibiting the financing of industrial projects in Nigeria as distinct from the constraints of project implementation in Nigeria.

(vii)        To examine the degree of relationship association and/or dependence of the above problems classifications in greater detail and thereafter formulate and test a suitable hypothesis.

(viii)      To make policy recommendations on the research findings with a view to finding lasting solutions to some of these problems.

 

1.4            SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance and purpose of this study is to restore academic dimension to the problems and prospects of development banking in Nigeria.  The study also aimed as giving a direct frontal attack to the major problems encountered by the NBCI and prospective investors during the pre-disbursement implementation stage of project financing in Nigeria.  It is of immense benefit to NBCI policy and investment appraisal staff who should therefore seek to minimize the magnitude of complaints and accusations levied against them.

Similarly, prospective investors would also learn to appreciate the constraints inhibiting NBCI authorities as well as being able to identify the problems specifically, attributable to borrowers to which they can hold no-one responsible except they themselves.  It will also be of immense economic benefit to other development finance institutions in the country such as Nigerian Industrial Development Bank (NIDB), Nigerian Agricultural and Co-operative Bank (NACB) and as well as over twenty-eight owned development finance companies all over the country.

Therefore, the research findings may be accepted where applicable to improve upon the quality of their investment service and modification of their excessively terms of investment.

 

1.5            RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The researcher will test the following hypothesis:

Hypothesis I:

HI:     Problems of project financing and implementation do not prevent Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry (NBCI) from giving loan.

H0:    Problems of project financing and implementation prevents NBCI from giving loans.

Hypothesis II

HI:     Stringent terms and condition hampers NBCI project financing and implementations.

H0:    Stringent terms and conditions do not hamper NBCI project financing and implementations.

1.6            DEFINITION OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

(i)                NBCI: Nigerian Bank for Commerce and Industry

(ii)             NACB: Nigerian Agricultural and Co-operative Bank

(iii)           NIDB: Nigerian Industry Development  Bank

(iv)           ADB: African Development Bank

(v)             IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

(vi)           Levant Firm: A Levant Firms is referred to company that absconds leaving behind a huge portion of its debt commitment unpaid.

(vii)        Front End Fee: NBCI charge a front end fee or administrative charge on all schemes (project) financed by NBCI through the use of IBRD on banking facility.  This fee amounts to 11½of the book value of the term loan and it must be paid at once to NBCI term loan.

(viii)      Beneficiary: A person or corporate body to whom a certain sum of money is payable.

  TERMS AND CONDITIONS

Using our service is LEGAL and IS NOT prohibited by any university/college policies

You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways:

1. As a source for additional understanding of the subject

2. As a source for ideas for your own research (if properly referenced)

3. For PROPER paraphrasing (see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase)

4. Direct citing (if referenced properly)

Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright

 

For more project materials

Log on to www.grossarchive.com

Or call

+2348130686500

+2348093423853

 

500
Leave a comment...