ONLINE INTERACTIVE BANKING

(Banking and Finance)

ONLINE INTERACTIVE BANKING

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

            The greatest innovation that has taken place in the twentieth century is in the realm of information Technology.  This is currently made possible by the introduction of the digital computers.  Which has been observed in the field of communication to be increasingly inseparable from communications.  This linkages often referred to as convergence is driven by Technology and amplified by business trends the technology and business.  Faster growth in network systems that use communication links to connect subsidiary system (nodes) which may send, receives, direct and redirect information to , fro, send and receiver.

            Taking of the internet a couple of years ago would have sound like a fairytale but today the internet is pervasive in almost every field of human endeavour changing the fundamentals of how we conduct national as well as international businesses.  Few years of its existence, the internet has shown that it can deliver the long sought after goal of electronic commerce.

            It is worth that companies in the developed countries world-wide have recognized the business potential of the internet and are getting connected to the network of networks in their millions.

            The financial institution (Bank) is one of such organizations. Banking constitutes one of the most prominent life wire for Socio-Economic grow and development in any given nation, it support and assists in the supply of long and short term loan, accepts both current sowings and fixed deposits, both foreign transactions, advice and facilitates transactions between client, workers, agents, firm, buyers and seller by providing payment services, not excluding the issue of undertaking risk on behalf of their clients, only to mention but a few.

            The internet having found its application and acceptance in the banking procession has particularly put the banking industry on an accelerating pace of development.  The technological highway (the internet) has become an enabler for Banks in achieving high level productivity and in handing volumes of transaction which would have been impossible without the use of on-line banking (E-commerce).

            The technology facilitate linkages with clients both through the provision of information and quality service delivery, as well as in reducing barriers to entry into payment systems retail banking.  Internet banking allows clients to engage in informal transaction relationship which would have taken long distance travels or movement of documents with the attendant risk of loss.  With the online banking (internet) you can at your convenience, at home and at any time review account balances and transactions, transfer funds, receive and pay bills, down-load transaction services and contact customer services just to mention but a few.

            An over view of the benefits and prospects of the on-line banking suggest that for banks to be relevant to their customers in term of the services they provide in the twenty-five century and in the future, must append this services provided by E-commerce in the banking system in order to stay in competition.  Now the on-line banking is the one thing bank should get up and invest in internet technology to reap bounteously the benefit accruing from internet banking.

1.1       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

            The advances in the world of information technology it is almost recorded on a daily basis.  Consequently, rendering former communication equipment obsolete as people tilt towards the use of improved electronics that support E-commerce made possible through the use of the internet in the banking sector.

            Although a significant improvement has been recorded in the use and deployment technology in the banking industry over the last decades, most banks are still for form implementing technology based strategies able to see them through competition in banking markets.  This may be as a result of lack of awareness, the inability to evaluate the benefit derived from the use of the recent technological development (internet) and capital shortage that may hamper the design and subsequent implementation of the technological tool hence denying customers of this advance services and their flexibility, choice and convenience associated with the internet banking.

            The advantages offered by these toll calls for a review of an existing automated system and subsequent design and implementation of interactive web-site that facilitates the use of the internet to be appended or designed to improve the existing system.

1.2              PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

  • To investigate the lacks of the current automated system in terms of modern technology appliances that support internet banking services and suggest ways of up dating them.
  • To improve in the speed, effectiveness, efficiency and convenience in business transaction.
  • To design and implement a computer software to solve this problem and rendering the services.
  • To design a friendly web-site that graphically advertise goods and services provided by the institute on web pages.
  • To carry out a feasibility study on the organization for the purpose of installing an on-line banking.

1.3              AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aims and objectives of this work is that when the system become operational it will

  • Increase the operational efficiency and accuracy.
  • Generate consistent, Accurate, timely and pieliable reports or information for effective control in internet banking.
  • Provide the use of account ID and password for the customer.
  • Improve in current automated system that support internet banking service.
  • Permit the use of card pin and other relevant data for E-commerce validation.
  • Permit on-line time data storage and information retrieval

1.4              SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study and subsequent design of the computer software is limited to the (union bank of Nigeria, Enugu.)

Although limited to the above organization, the finding, design and implementation of the software is likely to be applicable to other owned organization.

1.5              DEFINITION OF TERMS

INTERNET                The internet is global network of computers.

LAN                            Local Area Network

MAN                           Metropolitan Area Network

WAN                          Wide Area Network

NT                               Network Termination

PIN                             Positive Intrinsic Negative

WEB                           The newest and friendliest face to the internet made of pages of information about the institution it represent.

Virtual World:             As electronic simulation experienced via a head mounted eye goggle and wire doting enabling the end use to interact in realistic three dimensional situation.

Analysis:                     The methodical investigation of a problem involving the separation of the problem into smaller related unit for further study.

Computer – base:        computer oriented problem solving.

Format:                        The arrangement of data.

Software:                    A set of logical instruction designed for the computer.

File:                             is made up of field and records.

Database:                    Set of several permanent files integrated into a single file, which is available for many different use?

Process:                       A systematic sequence of operation.

Program:                      Series of instruction that is given to the computer

Computer:                   Is an electronic device capable of accepting inputs processing, storing and outputting information in human readable form.

Network:                     The inter-connection of computers.

Window:                     a type of operating system.

Real time:                    A computer that gives immediate result of the processed data.

On-line:                       That can be accessed at any given time

Password:                    A set of code that gives you access to a computer resources.

E-banking:                   Banking done with high computer means of transferring data.

Telemetric:                  The use of telephone line couple with the computer in providing services.

CD ROM:                   Compact – disk read only memory.

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