MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF IMT FISH POND AT BOTANICAL GARDEN Abstract The study was on the maintenance and repair of IMT fish Pond at Botanical garden. The specific objectives were: to examine the methods for the maintenance of IMT Fish Pond; to determine how maintenance the IMT Fish Pond and to examine the challenge and solutions for IMT fish Pond at botanical garden. In the construction of pond, the factors to be considered before its sitting include adequate water supply, soil in the area, vegetation of the area, topography and availability of fast growing fish. Assessing fish population, fertilization, artificial feeding and adding fish habitat structures to the pond are some of the management practices that are carried out. Fish like humans are subject to many types of disease, like viral, fungal, bacteria, nutritional, environmental and parasitic disease. If the pond is not properly managed, disease will lead to the death of the fishes in the pond and great economic loss. A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study 1 1.2 Statement of Problem 2 1.3 Objectives of the Study 4 1.4 Significance of the Study 4 1.5 Limitations of the Study 4 CHAPTER TWO 2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 6 2.1 The Concept Fish Pond 6 2.2 Brief history of fish pond 6 2.3 Types of fish Ponds 7 2.4 Construction of a Fish Pond 8 2.5 Repairing Ponds 9 2.6 Factors to Be Considered Before Setting of Fish Pond 10 2.7 Fish Pond: Maintenance, Cleaning and Treatment 11 2.8 Equipment’s and Facilities for Fish Farm Maintenance and Repair 12 2.9 Procedures and Methods for Maintaining and Repairing of IMT Fish Pong at Botanical Garden 16 CHAPTER THREE 3.0 MATERIAL AND METHODS Material 18 Wall Structure Maintenance Materials 18 Measurements 20 How to Maintain and care for a fish pond, in Brief 21
CHAPTER FOUR DATE PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 24
CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 5.1 Summary of Findings 25 5.2 Conclusion 26 5.3 Recommendations 27 References
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Maintaining a good fish pond is crucial for growing healthy fish, reducing morbidities and deaths, achieving satisfactory production and improving culture efficiency. It can also lower the cost of water quality conditioning and culture environment improvement measures (such as removal of pond sediment). It is imperative for fish farmers to have a thorough understanding of various human and natural factors which may affect the environment and fish stock during the course of pond fish culture so that good management measures, including adequate precautions, monitoring and contingency response, can be put in place (Paul, 2010). A fish pond is controlled pond, artificial lake or reservoir that is stocked with fishes. It is used in agriculture for fish farming, recreational fishing or for ornamental purpose. In the medieval European era, it was typical for monasteries and castles (small, partly self-sufficient communities) to have a fish pond (McConnell, 2015).. Fish ponds provide important recreational, domestic, swimming and erosion control. Ponds can be very beneficial to both people and wildlife. People benefit from the recreational opportunities and agricultural uses, as well as the added asthetics of having a pond on their property. Ponds benefit wildlife by providing feeding and nesting habitat, resting areas, and water sources, (Delince, 2012). During the winter, supplying fresh food for a castle garrison was a constant struggle. Although meat would be available from dear parks, this couldn’t supply the need of the whole household. A fish pond provided an elegant solution. As long as there was a natural flow of water into the pond, fish required no feeding and were available all year round (Farber, 1997). There would usually be a series of ponds, with fish being moved between them as they grow. Growing fish in ponds as a very oil practice. Carp were cultural as long ago as 2698 B.C. in China, where they were grown in pounds on silkworm farms. Fish culture seemed to occur whenever civilization was settled for a long period of time. For example, fish culture was done in ancient Egypt and in China, which has had a continuous civilization for over 4,000 years. The first written account of fish culture in ponds was by Fan Lai, a Chinese fish farmer, in 475 B.C. By the seventeenth century, carp culture was being done all over Europe. A book written in England in 1600 by John Tavernier gave the details of good pond management. The practices of culturing fish in ponds developed because growing fish in ponds is more useful practices, for some purpose, then trying to catch fish from lakes, rivers or streams. Many interest people discover that building a fish pond close to home is possible and more convenient than going to be nearest market or river. The number of fish taken out of a pond can be controlled. But it is very difficult to know how many fish can be caught in a river or stream or lake at any time. Fish growth can be controlled. The fish can be feed extra food to make them better for market; natural enemies can be kept from killing the fish. Growing fish in ponds allow the farmer, or other fish grower, to produce fish cheaply and to have a supply of fish available on his own land. Fish in the ponds belong to the pond owners, fish in the rivers and lake do not.
1.2 Statement of Problem IMT Botanical Garden have for years faced challenges of maintenance. As the result the fish in the garden is not left out to the challenges faced. There are a host of problems facing the growth of fish in IMT Botanical Garden. These challenges include; uncoordinated promotion of fish farming through many institutions, Government, research institution, Universities, NGOs and Regional authorities among others . The demand for fingerlings to stock the fast-growing number of fishponds has skyrocketed from 1 million to 28 million in less than a year, forcing the government to lean heavily on private industry. Because of this scenario there is no significant growth in fish farming industry and the farmer is left confused by many extension officers who visit and give varying information. Furthermore, there are no comprehensive policies on fish farming and legislation are inadequate. Because of this, policy makers have accorded low priority to fish farming as an economic activity. Subsequently the sector has operated without a comprehensive policy and legislation. This has reduced management and research effectiveness, discouraged investment in fish farming and constrained production and growth. Furthermore, lack of certified quality seed (Fingerlings) and commercially produced feeds are also among problems facing the fish farming sector. Most farmers have not yet embraced the technology for producing high quality seed. Commercially produced feeds are hard to come by and when available they are expensive for most farmers to afford. Inadequate training programmers’ for farmers and extension workers have retarded the growth of the fisheries sector. The inadequacy in provision of extension services has been a major challenge to development of fish farming in IMT, Enugu Sate. This situation results from lack of resources and technical staff (MOFD, 2011). Inadequate outreach programmes and inefficiency in dissemination of technology transfer to farmers also play a key role in the backwardness in developing the sector. Many farmers with good land that can be put into fish farming are not even aware of this potential .
1.3 Objectives of the Study The general aim of the study is maintenance and repair of IMT fish Pond at Botanical garden. The specific objectives were: 1. To examine the methods for the maintenance of IMT Fish Pond. 2. To determine how maintenance the IMT Fish Pond. 3. To examine the challenge and solutions for IMT fish Pond at botanical garden. 1.4 Significance of the Study Maintenance and repairing of IMT fish pond will be of great benefits to the student, lectures, the institution and general public. - Student: it is give the general a fish good atmosphere for learning of fish farming. The development of school ponds and student’s fish farming groups has significantly increased awareness of the value of nutrition and fish consumption in rural households by teaching school-age children and adult student about aquaculture. - The institution: It helped generate income for schools from ponds. - Lecturers: It has also helped in capacity building of teachers with knowledge on the importance of fish in nutrition and to parents during teacher-parent interactions. As anticipated four school ponds were established. There is also a large interest in other schools to initiate a similar program and spread this methodology to more locations.
1.5 Limitations of the Study In the course of carrying out the research, the researcher had to contend with some huddles and factors, which in one way or the other militated against the researchers zeal of achieving an appreciable result. These include: 1. Time: The researcher has a lot of academic work to do and also more importantly, this research has not been given any specific time in the researchers class time table. As a result of this, the researcher has been constrained to limit her area of coverage so as to cover up with the little available time. 2. Finance: Taking into cognizance of the unhealthy economic situation of Nigeria, one could not expect the research work with its attendant huge financial outlay. This lack of funds also affected the researchers movement to and from the research area as the distance is far and was not traceable. 3. Insufficient Literature Materials/Data: The most hindrance is material as many as many contributions have not been done in the area of this research study. This in no small measure limited the researcher’s scope of study.
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF IMT FISH POND AT BOTANICAL GARDEN
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