+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Microbiological load of land snail sold in Ekpoma market

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:44
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Microbiology Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT
The results obtained from this research work shows that land snails sold in Ekpoma market contains some pathogenic microorganisms. A total of fifty samples were bought from 10 different local sellers (five snail samples each) in Ekpoma old market and the new market. The total viable count of bacteria ranged from 2.2 x 108 cfu/g - 8.2 x 108 cfu/g. The lowest was recorded in sample I  having a total bacteria count of 2.2 x 108 cfu/g and the highest count was observed in sample D obtained from the old market (close to a refuge dump) with a corresponding count of 8.2 x 108 cfu/g. The least fungal count was 8.0 x 106 cfu/g of snail sample I obtained from the new market (in a shade) while the highest count was obtained from sample D in the old  market (close to a refuge dump) with a total fungal count of 1.4  x 107 cfu/g. The organisms isolated were Lactobacillus spp, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella spp., Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus terrus. Microbiological assessment of snail in this study showed that the snail samples harbour quite a number of highly pathogenic bacteria of potential public health hazard to the dependants as protein source. There is therefore the need to set a thermal standard and time of cooking that would be sufficient for complete inactivation of pathogens while the nutritive contents would remain unaffected.


Contents
COVER PAGE ii
CERTIFICATION iii
DEDICATION iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v
TABLE OF CONTENTS……...…………………………………………….…vi
ABSTRACT viii

CHAPTER ONE 1
1.0 INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW 3
1.3 THE GIANT EAST AFRICAN SNAIL (Achatina fulica) 5
1.4 ECOLOGY 7
1.5 FEEDS 8
1.6 NUTRITIONAL COMPONENT OF SNAIL 9
1.7 AIMS 10
1.8 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 10

CHAPTER TWO 11
2.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS 11
2.1 AREA OF STUDY 11
2.2 SAMPLE SIZE AND COLLECTION 11
2.3 MEDIA USED 11
2.4 REAGENT USED 12
2.5 STERILIZATION OF MATERIALS 12
2.6 MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS 13
2.6.1 WET PREPARATION 13
2.6.2 TOTAL VIABLE COUNT 13
2.6.3 IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES 14
2.6.4 GRAM STAINING 14
2.7 BIOCHEMICAL TEST 15
2.7.1 CATALASE TEST 15
2.7.2 COAGULASE TEST 16
2.7.2.1 SLIDE TEST 16
2.7.2.2 TUBE TEST 16
2.7.3 OXIDASE TEST 17
2.7.3 INDOLE TEST 17
2.7.4 SUGAR FERMENTATION TEST 18

CHAPTER THREE 19
3.0 RESULTS 19

CHAPTER FOUR 26
4.0 DISCUSSION 26
4.1 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 29
REFERENCES 30

Microbiological load of land snail sold in Ekpoma market

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Microbiology
Project ID MCB0291
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 44 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Microbiology
    Project ID MCB0291
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 44 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT Microbial assessment of smoked  Scombia scombia spp.  of fish procured from two markets in Owerri metropolis was carried out. The samples were analyzed using bacteriological and fungi media. The average bacteria counts ranges from 3.1X106-6.8X106cfu/g while the average fungi counts ranges from 0.0-0.3X106cfu/g. Four species of bacteria... Continue Reading
    Yoghurt is a cultural diary product produced by lactic fermentation of milk (Hui, 1992). Yoghurt is produced by the controlled fermentation of milk by two species of bacteria; Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Strptococcus thermophilus. These two species of bacteriae have now been established as the yoghurt starters. Any sort of milk may be used to... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to assess the hygienic properties of commercially available dairy foods especially fresh/raw milk. Milk, when synthesized in the udder of a healthy cow is virtually sterile. As milk passes through the teat cistern and teat channel, it may be contaminated with low levels of bacteria (<1000/ml), which are... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study is aimed at evaluating the microbiological quality control of soymilk beverage sold in I.M.T campus 3 Enugu. The soymilk samples were collected randomly from all the soymilk hawkers in campus 3 I.M.T Enugu. 30... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Field experiment was conducted on the effect of four different diets on growth performance of African giant land snail (Achachatina marginata). The experimental diets consist of vegetable leaves that are common within the warm humid tropical environment of Ekiti State, Nigeria. A total of eighty snails were purchased from local markets... Continue Reading
    Bacteria are group of microorganisms all of which lack a distinct nuclear membrane (and hence are considered more primitive than animal and plant cells) and of most which have a cell wall of unique composition. Most bacteria are unicellular; the cells maybe spherical (coccu), rod-shaped (bacillus), spiral (spirillum), comma-shaped (vibrio) or... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This research work examines “A Sociological Analysis of Small Scale Enterprises involving Ekpoma Community as the selected case study”. The objective of the study is to examine the sociological analysis of Small Scale enterprises in Ekpoma community as well as importance of Small Scale industries on the Nigerian economy. The research... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project examines the use of GIS and Remote Sensing in mapping Land Use Land Cover in Ilorin between 1972 and 2001 so as to detect the changes that has taken place in this status between these periods. Subsequently, an attempt was made at projecting the observed land use land cover in the next 14 years. In achieving this, Land... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project work centered on the economic analysis of snail production in Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State and  how snail production have been more effective and efficient in productivities activities within and outside the Uhunmwode Community in Edo State. Chapter one will focus on the introduction of the study, objectives... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project work centered on the economic analysis of snail production in Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State and  how snail production have been more effective and efficient in productivities activities within and outside the Uhunmwode Community in Edo State. Chapter one will focus on the introduction of the study, objectives... Continue Reading