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THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION LINK

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:66
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Electrical Engineering Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

The aim of this project, the design and implementation of an RF communication link, is to design a communication link between a source and a destination and study the properties of the signal being generated by the source (generator). The area of interest in this work is how the signal suffers limitations like attenuation, interference and distortion etc and to observe how these limitations affect the smooth transmission of the signal as well as the amplitude of the transmitted signal. This study was implemented using simulink and it was discovered that the higher the pathloss, that is, the higher the effect of attenuation, distortion etc, the lower the amplitude. Therefore, for a better signal, that is, with high amplitude, there should be a minimal or no effect of the aforementioned limitations. Also, the maximum Doppler shift of the channel can be varied to achieve desired signal amplitude. In this project, observation has shown that, the higher the maximum Doppler shifts of the Rayleigh channel, the higher the amplitude and the stronger the signal strength.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover Page      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           i

Title Page        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           ii

Approval Page            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iii

Certification    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iv

Dedication      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           v

Acknowledgement      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           vi

Abstract          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           vii

Table of Contents       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           viii

List of Figures/Tables -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           xi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0              Introduction to Radio Frequency Communication Link        -           -           1

1.1              Elements of Radio Frequency Communication Link -           -           -           1

1.1.1        Free Space Communication    -           -           -           -           -           -           1

1.1.2        Radio Frequency         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           1

1.1.3        Transmitter      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           2

1.1.4        Transmission Medium -           -           -           -           -           -           2

1.1.4.1  Rayleigh Channel        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           2

1.1.4.2  Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC)      -           -           -           -           -           3

1.1.4.3  AWGN Channel (Additive White Gaussian Noise)   -           -           -           3

1.1.4.4  Rayleigh Distribution  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           3

1.1.5        Distortion        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           3

1.1.6        Random Signals          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           4

1.1.7        Receiver          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           4

1.2              Problem Definition     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           4

1.3              Development of System Block Diagram        -           -           -           -           5

1.3.1        Rayleigh Channel Link           -           -           -           -           -           -           5

1.3.2        Factors Influencing Radio Frequency Communication Link -           -           6

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0              Radio Frequency Communication Link Theory         -           -           -           8

2.1              Antenna Gain  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           10

2.2              Noise Link Equation in Rayleigh Channel     -           -           -           -           10

2.3              Properties of Rayleigh Channel in Free Space            -           -           -           11

2.3.1        Attenuation     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           11

2.3.2        Noise   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           12

2.3.3        Interference     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           13

2.4              Free Space Rayleigh Propagation Channel     -           -           -           -           13

2.4.1        Transmitting Antenna Gain    -           -           -           -           -           -           15

CHAPTER THREE

3.0              Design Consideration -           -           -           -           -           -           -           16

3.1              Mathematical Analysis of Rayleigh Channel Model Link      -           -           16

3.1.1        Transmitting Link Noise in Rayleigh Channel            -           -           -           17

3.1.2        Receiving Link Noise in Rayleigh Channel    -           -           -           -           18

3.1.3        Raleigh Channel Attenuation Loss     -           -           -           -           -           18

3.1.4        Carrier-to-Noise Ratio of Link Design at the Transmitter                  -           19

3.1.5        Carrier-to-Noise Ratio of Link Design at the Receiver          -           -           19

3.1.6        Transmitting Parameters for RAYLEIGH Link Design         -           -           19

3.1.7        Transmitter Antenna Gain (Gt)           -           -           -           -           -           20

3.1.8        Transmitting Power (Pt)          -           -           -           -           -           -           21

3.1.9        Transmitting Frequency in Rayleigh Channel Link    -           -           -           22

3.1.10    Transmitting Signal Energy Link for Rayleigh Channel         -           -           23

3.2              Receiving Signal Energy for Rayleigh Channel         -           -           -           23

3.3              Free Space Pathloss (PL), Between the Transmitter and Receiver     -           25

3.3.1        Rayleigh Channel Attenuation Loss   -           -           -           -           -           25

3.3.2        For Rayleigh Doppler Shift    -           -           -           -           -           -           26

3.4       Analysis of Receiving Attenuation and Noise Increase on Link Design       27

3.5       Link Design and Analysis       -           -           -           -           -           -           27

3.5.1    Input   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           27

3.5.2    Random Integer Generator     -           -           -           -           -           -           28

3.5.3    DBPSK           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           28

3.5.4    Complex to Real-Imag 1         -           -           -           -           -           -           29

3.5.5    Scope 2           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           29

3.5.6    Rayleigh Channel        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.5.7    Free Space Pathloss    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.5.8    Complex to Real Imag 2         -           -           -           -           -           -           30

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0              Implementation Model           -           -           -           -           -           -           32

4.1              Analysis of Simulink Blocks   -           -           -           -           -           -           32

4.1.1        Input   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           32

4.1.2        DBPSK           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           33

4.1.3        Rayleigh Fading Channel       -           -           -           -           -           -        & THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION LINK


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Details

Type Project
Department Electrical Engineering
Project ID ELE0267
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 66 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Electrical Engineering
    Project ID ELE0267
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 66 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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