The general objective of this study is to inculcate the knowledge of forensic auditing in preventing and detecting corporate fraud in Nigeria. Though the main objective of forensic auditing will vary according to the purpose of hiring individual or entity, the essence of this study is to employ the new knowledge to uncover fraud, crimes and evasions of financial obligations or malpractices committed through manipulation of accounting records. The specific objectives of this study are as follows;
• To establish the reason for the loss of customer/depositors
• To investigate how incidence of fraud, encourages or leads to business/bank failures
• To examine the reason behind investors loss of confidence toward investing or depositing in financial institutions;
• To ascertain how forensic audit has been a useful tool in prevention and detection of fraud in our financial institutions
The incidence of fraud and misappropriation of funds in recent time poses a threat to auditing as a branch of accounting profession because of its perennial nature. This has resulted to questions as to whether auditing actually play any significant role towards the attainment of accountability and prevention of fraud especially that which is currently happening in our major or key financial institutions.
Most of our financial institutions today fail to recognize that the phenomenon
“fraud” can appear to be more dangerous when compared to other forms of problem like armed robbery attack which can only affect the institution within a short period of time, such may have no long term effect on their operations. However, any significant fraud committed in an institution, not only undermines or shakes up it’s financial stability but can severely affect the reputation of the institution thereby resulting to investor’s loss of confidence.
Most times, the directors write off losses of fraud (including money laundering) under the general heading of “bad debt” rather than admitting that there have been a general failure to exercise or implement proper safeguards in the system of internal checks and control or managerial negligence in applying or perfecting the appropriate oversight to routine business process where institutions funds and assets are at risk. In order to counter, stop and prevent the perpetration of such frauds comes forensic auditing or accounting.
Forensic auditing or accounting is the specialty practice area of accounting that describes engagements that results from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation.
“forensic” means “suitable for use in a court of law” and it is to that standard and potential outcomes that forensic accountants also referred to as forensic auditors or investigative auditors, often have to give expert evidence at the eventual trial of companies and institutions who have committed fraud, in a court of law.
The Usefulness Of Forensic Audit In The Prevention And Detection Of Fraud
ABSTRACT The incidence of fraud and misappropriation of funds in recent time poses a threat to auditing as a branch of accounting profession because of its perennial nature. This has resulted to questions as to whether auditing actually play any significant role towards the attainment of accountability and prevention of fraud especially that which... Continue Reading
(A STUDY OF ENUGU SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL) ABSTRACT The study examines the effect of forensic accounting as a tool for fraud detection and prevention in an organization. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between fraud detection, prevention and forensic... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This study examines forensic accounting as a tool for fraud detection and prevention in the Public Sector. In conducting the study, hypotheses were stated and questionnaires were drawn in line with the hypotheses for testing. The study utilized primary source of data collection. A total of 132 questionnaires were retrieved from staff of... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Fraudulent practices in Nigerian Deposit Money Banks (DMBS) have led to increased losses and collapse of deposit banks, hence the need to use digital forensics services to detect and prevent such fraudulent activities. The banking industry is a very important institution with many internal controls in order to overcome the fraudulent... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of Internal Audit on fraud detection and prevention with Power Holding Company of Nigeria as a case study. Information and data were collected through the use of research questionnaires and company’s financial statement. The research questionnaires distributed were 30 of which 23... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study The issue of employee and management fraud, money laundering and other financial crimes in business and government organisations has made the application and practice of forensic accounting a necessity and mandatory.... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This study investigated the effects of forensic accounting in fraud detection. Data was collected from the staff of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) with the aid of questionnaire as the research instrument. Convenience sampling methods was applied to select 53 respondents from the population of the students on which... Continue Reading
Abstract This research work examines the role of the forensic accountant in fraud detection in Nigeria. Forensic accountant plays a significant role in the Nigeria organizations whereby he investigates with the use of technological equipment in its assignment. The researcher employs primary... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The driving force of any developing economy is the public and the private sector which are considered the two most important and vital sector in developing any economy. These two sectors of the economy though similar in most... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Banks deal essentially in cash financial instruments and other documents which are generally of a negotiable and easily transferable in nature. Hence it is very pertinent to say that the exposure of the banks to both internal and external fraud is very great. This practices is very common to areas involving cash, cheques and fund transfer... Continue Reading