(A CASE STUDY OF UPKOM ESAN (IGBU CLOTH) IN ESAN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE.
1.1 Historical Back ground
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Need for the study
1.4 Purpose of the study
1.5 Scope and limitation of the study
3.1 Research methodology
3.2 Area of study /population
3.3 The sample size and sample techniques
3.4 Method of data Collection
3.5 Description of Data Analysis
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data findings
This project work for “Supply market” of Ukpon Esan otherwise known as “IGBU Cloth”. This work is being carried out at a place known and called Ogwa in Esan West local Government Area in Edo state.
However, Esan West Local Government Area is within the middle belt Zones of Nigeria, blessed with natural endowments among which are fertile land for agriculture practice, good rivers for fishing and so forth and so on. Politically, Esan west Local Government Area has about ten (10) words which Ogwa happens to be one. Originally Upkon Esan is not its name because it is not only in Esan that this Cloth is been weaved but for the fact that Esan dominates in the making of this Cloth called “IGBU” and prominence too, this Cloth has today assumed the name of the town Ukpon Esan. But locally, the Cloth is properly called IGBU (Ukpon Esan).
Other villages, towns in Edo State have known their own in this Cloth making infact, virtually all Ekpoma towns and villages. Furthermore outside, this Cloth is done in other States like ijebu Ogun State, Kogi Ilorin and Okene in kwara State, Asaba in Delta State, sokoto, Kano, Ikot Ekpene in Akwa Ibom and other Countries, but Esan method is unique.
This research work will x-ray how this cloth is being weaved in Esan and supplied to market such as Uromi market, Ebelle market, Ugun market, Igueben market and Ogwa market all in Esan Local Government Area and to other parts of the country, Even beyound. This is as a result of the benefit derived from the Cloth marking (weaved), while some are enumerated below.
(a) It serve as a source of revenue generation to the town and local council.
(b) it serve as a source of income to the created employment.
(c) It creates employment.
(d) Above all, it increases our local source of generating income and also contributing in the gross domestic product (GD P). Some essential information is extended to the wavers as an education which leads to
(1) Better knowledge of varieties and supply requirement.
(2) Better knowledge of coming together as Co-operative unions.
(3) Better knowledge of sourcing for raw materials.
1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Ogwa is in Esan West Local Government Area in Edo State of Nigeria. It is located about hundred (100) kilometers to the South West.
Upkon Esan is commonly known amongst Nigerians, mostly in the Western part of the Country as “IGBU Cloth”, Upkon Esan is an old as the town itself. The Origin of Upkon Esan Cloth is surrounded in mystery. In short, it is not quite clear how it all stated. This domestic Industry came into existence and flourished during the expansion of palm Oil and kernel trade in the Niger Delta.
The history of Upkon Esan Cloth is not complete without mentioning some outstanding personalities and development of this industry.
(1) Mrsigni- whose distinctive design gave many IGU Cloth their particular character. She worked in secret to prevent others from copying her ideas, when she left her loom, she placed spells on it, to deter the inquisitives. She introduced weaving with Cotton and designing with silk.
(2) Imade was another woman who deserved to be mentioned story had it that she saw designs in dreams so that when she woke up, she incorporated those designs in her weaving.
(3) Omozie Akenbor who specialized in IGBU pattern should not be left out.
(4) Osamudiamhine Epke was also an expert in the design known as Oyegbe. As far back as 1960, Chief O.J. Omozapka exhibited IGBU Cloth in U.S.A. After a very successful IGBU Cloth exhibition by late Chief Oboh. This two exhibition gave real boast to the industry Ukpon Esan cloth is woven entirely with machine span yarn from the Northern part of Nigeria, mainly Kano. The colourful designs are made with imported rayon and silk thread.
ESAN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE
Esan West local Government is the closest among other tier of government to the people and it carries out the minimal function like
(a) primary Education
(b) Primary health Care
(c) Maintenance of rural roads within the communities.
Nigeria as a colonized Country, had independence from the great Britain in the year 1960 adopted the British system of democratic government, which reflected the local government structure. The local government setting has a sizable share of employment of men and materials in the National Gross Domestic Product (G N P).
Similarly, Esan West local government which is in the state called Edo was created in 1991 with its headquarters located at Esan. The local government comprises of some notable towns and Villages like:
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE ESAN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA:
At the top of the local government is the Executive Chairman, followed by Vice chairman. The political executive group called the “Supervisors”, the law making unit- “Councilors” and the career Civil Servants.
There are more than five departments in the local government, these are
Each of these departments is supervised by a head of the department on appointment / rant from the Local Government Service Commission. The executive chairman is in – charge of matters that may affect both the council and the community at large. The Secretary becomes the liaison officer between the chairman and the general Councilors drawn from various words that make up the jurisdiction of the local government area.
History is replete with facts and figures that little attention has been paid for promoting weaving (IGBU Cloth) industry in the Country at large and esan West Local Government precisely by the government. Nigeria need to diversify her economy especially now that the country is facing series of problem as a result of over dependent in oil
On weaving industry, there is poor infrastural facilities that hinder IGBU Cloth in Esan West Local Government. Example
(a) There are no particular market for IGBU Cloth.
(b) Lack of basic education to our local illustrate weavers on how to modernise the weaving and tools.
(c) Lack of government subsides and incentive to our local weavers and establishment of a modern/ working Corporative Society.
(d) The idea of prohibiting men to weave
(e) There is this believe that outsiders are not taught how to weave. Even if they do, the skill will not be retained after sometimes because of the myth
In the light of these disturbing constraints, this research work titled “Supply market” in Esan West local government ( A case study of IGBU Cloth weaving and supply in Epkoma market, Uromi market and Ebelle market tries to proffer ways of.
(1) Strengthening the standard and the level of market in Ogwa and Ebelle market in Esan west local government.
(2) Strengthening the method of procuring raw materials
(3) Good negotiation and purchasing techniques as to the production and supply of IGBU Cloth in Ogwa market.
(4) Finally to reduce supply bottle necks.
The need for the study cannot be over emphasized. The researcher’s aim is also to enrich herself and the people of this local government on the need to practice or learn Cloth weaving (Upkon Esan cloth) especially now that Nigeria must diversify her economy as a means of alleviating poverty and better standard of living for the people.
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY.
The purpose of this study is to examine how the total well being of the people can be improved through Ukpon Esan cloth weaving busy.
From all that have been written above, it is the aim of this study to see and advance how Ukpon Esan cloth is been produced and supply in the market within and outside this local government.
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