ART AS A VEHICLE TO RELIGOOUS EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE

(Fine and Applied Arts)

   ART AS A VEHICLE TO RELIGOOUS EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE

(A- CASE STUDY OF EZEAGU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

ABSTRACT

Ezeagu is among the tribe that produces art in Enugu State. Most of them are now Christanions, yet the old traditions still have a powerful influence in the life of Ezeagu people. It is better for one to trace the history

 of his people and pass it on to the younger ones.

The Art of Ezeagu people suffered much humiliation and neglect at the advent of western civilization. The effect was felt more on the sculpture which comprised carving and molding. Such an event will deny generations to come the knowledge and pleasure of seeing what their for-fathers and fathers did in the past.

Traditional Ezeagu Artist creats some or his art mainly as instruments by which to make contact with supernatural forces which help him to over-come the danger of their environment. These art objects being created are ritual pots, birds, plants, carved doors and images, ofor, masks, mound, paintings for religious worship. Some of these art works could be found in village squares, shrines or altars,, evil forest, hands of individual persons. For instances, “ofor” is handy and is seen on the hand of any man who calls himself a father in the traditional religious group.

The produces of these works are traditional artists, priests and medium men. Some of these works when completed are used as very powerful oaths. In modern churches, there are art objects and their uses,, for instance, in the catholic and protestant churches. 

My finding revealed the role of art in traditional religion, identification of tools and materials used in the production of art pieces, and its utility.

In carrying this investigation, traditional artists were interviewed and their works examined.  Traditional religious priests, common men were also interviewed. The rest of the information was obtained from books, journals, magazines, archives and libraries. 

At the end of this discussion, one should be able to know the importance of Art in Religious education in Ezeagu Local Government Area.

               CHAPTER ONE

ART AS A VEHICLE FOR RELIGIOUS EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE A CASE STUDY OF EZEAGU L. G. A

BACK GROUND OF STUDY

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION:

          Ezeagu is located some twenty kilometers south west of Enugu, the Enugu State capital of Nigeria. Bounded on the north by Uzo- uwani Local Government of Anambra State and on the east and south by parts of Udi L.G. A., then on the west by Awka- North L.G.A. The entire area is liberally watered by the River Ajali, which is the factor upon which the Greater Ajali Water scheme of the Enugu capital Territory is derived. Occupying a land area of over 630 kin, the greater part of its geographical area is low-lying with savannah – like vegetation. It has an estimated population of about 200,000 based on the 1991 census. 

ETHNOGRAPHY:

          Ezeagu teases her ancestry to an itinerant farmer and hunter who settled at Imezi Owa. The man known and called Owo or Ezeagu, (literally, “King of the farm”) was the name he earned following his unprecedented success in the cultivation of the land and hunt for game Eze meaning King and Agu  meaning wilderness.

          The man Ezeagu married Mgboli who fore him three sons, who were, in order of with, Owa,  Oghe and Oghu. He later married a second wife Udeagu from  Nkanu, by whom he got a son, Umana alias An a on Naa, who became Ezeagu’s seoond son in Oadea of birth. Umana got two sons oblelagu and Awo (Umana Ndiuno, Umana Ndiagu and umana Agba). The Umana extraction often referred to as the umana neli has ten villages with obeleagu having six and Awo had two sons, Obunofia and umumba. Today, all boona fide descendants of Ezeagu owe their direct ancestry to Owo alias Ezeagu and his fore children who later spread out to the four corness of the clan to found new homes for themselves. Grand any great grand children soon followed and these were to be the soot of the many antonymous communities which today answer the collective name of Ezeagu clan.      

          The Olo and Oha guoups (called Umudiaba) Later immigrated from the west and settled on the western slope beside the clan following inter-marriages, social and cultural interactious with the Ezeagu people, these immigrants acculturates and  gradually melted into the  Ezeagu complex.

OCCUPATION AND CULTURE OF EZEAGU PEOPLE:

          Ezeagu is endowed with a which cultural traditional festivals and dances announce the arrival and  depurative of traditional festivals of the various  seasons of the years. The people are predominantly farmers, cassava on the low – lying plins the liver banks.

The swampy tegions of Olo and Mgbago-Owa areas have been identified as suitable for since cultivation, and the Enugu State. Government ministry of Agriculture is already making experiment on cooperative large scale since farming there.

          Ezeagu has, traditional festivals amongst others like Ogugo – chi,  Akanu, Ibono – okochi, Ibono Udu – Mii, Mgba une n’ une, Mgba Ogwu and Atiliogwu. Successful farmers also take titles of Ozo and Ekwu dosing specific periods of the year. The influence of Christianity in Ezeagu has brought a lot of change in the people’s life. Fanatics have found the  spread of Christianity of destroy one cultural identity and should approach this with caution because no nation ever survived without cultural identity.

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