+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

ANALYSES OF THE IMPACTS OF MARITIME POLLUTION ON MARINE ENVIRONMENT: CASE STUDY OF NIGER DELTA REGION, NIGERIA

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:56
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Maritime and Transport Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

There has been a proliferation in the activities of crude oil exploration across the globe as a result of increase in high risk of oil spillage and the accompanying environmental hazards. In Nigeria, this has been the order of the day since the initiation of the first petroleum industry in country’s Niger delta region. Oil spills have been recurrent and impacting damaging effects on the environment particularly within the oil-producing region. This research therefore examines impacts of marine pollution on environment and shipping operations in Niger Delta region. This report is sectioned into five chapters. While Chapter one captured the introduction to the study. Chapter two, three and four reviewed the positions of other authors, research methodology and data analysis respectively. Chapter five dealt with summary and recommendations. The results of the research have identified gaps and need for improvement to manage oil spills incidents to protect the environment. It has uncovered the need for the Nigerian environmental laws and policy to be updated. Adequate technologies for oil spill should be embraced without delay by oil operators in the Niger delta region and the Nigerian government and also resources should be put into the rehabilitation of infrastructure/facilities used in oil production. Responsive measures such as bioremediation should be maintained and encouraged however proactive measures of managing oil spill such as using technology should be imbibed to prevent oil spill incidents, (for example, Pipes with high resistance to corrosion, pipe leak detective gadgets, etc.)

TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE ……………………………………………...…………………………...….1

CERTIFICATION ………………………………………………………………..…….2

DEDICATION ………………………………..…………………………………….3

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ………...…...………………….………………………...….4

TABLE OF CONTENTS ……………………..………………………………….……5

ABSTRACT …………..…………………………………………………………….……8

LIST OF ACRONYMS ……...…………………………………………………...….9

CHAPTER ONE: ………..…………………………………………………………...10

1.0 Introduction ………...…………………………………………………………..10

1.1 Background Information ………...…………..………………………...…….10

1.2 The Degradation Of The Marine Environment ………………………...…..10

1.3 Maritime Pollution Activities ……………………………...……………..11

1.4 Main Sources of Oil Pollution of the Marine Environment …………….11

1.5 Niger Delta Region Marine Environment Pollution …………………….12

1.6 Problem Statement ………...…………………………..………………………16 

1.7 Research Objectives ………….……...………………………………………….17

1.8 Significance of the Study ……….……..……………………………………..18

1.9 Scope of the Study ………...……..……………………………………………19

CHAPTER TWO: ………... ………………….………………………………………20

2.0 Literature Review …………………………………………………………….20

2.1 Environment Pollution ……………………...……………………………..20

2.2 Marine Environment Pollution …………………………………………….21

2.2.1 Marine Pollution Sources From Ships …………………………………….23

2.2.2 Oil Spills …………………………………………………………………….23      

2.3 Hazardous and Noxious substances (HNS) in Marine pollution …………....26

2.4 Bunker Oil Pollution …………...…………………………………………….….28

2. 5 Causes of Marine Pollution in the Niger Delta …….…………………....…29

2.6 Impacts of Marine Pollution in the Niger Delta ………….…………………30

2.6.1 Socio-Economic Development of the Niger Delta ……………………32

2.6.2 Poverty in the Niger Delta region of Marine Pollution …...………..33

2.7 Prevention of Marine Pollution Regulation and Rules ……….……….…...37

2.8    Special Rules for Oil Pollution Damage ……..………..…………………….38 

CHAPTER THREE: …………...………………………………………………………..39

3.0 Research Methodology …….………………..……………………………..39

3.1 Description of the Study Area ......…………...…………………………...39

3.2 Research Design ……...……….…………………………………………….39

3.3 Method of Data Collection ………..…………….……………………………..39

3.4 Data Limitation …….…………..…………………………………………..40

3.5 Method of Data Analysis …………………………………………………….40 3.5.1 Summative Approach ….…………………….…..……………….40 3.5.2 Simple Percentage ……...……………..………………………………40 3.5.3 Incremental Averages ….…………….….………………………..40

CHAPTER FOUR ……………………………...…..…………………………………41

4.0 Data Presentation, Analysis and Discussion of Findings and Results ….…41

4.1 Data Presentation ………..………………………………………….………..42 

4.2 Data Analysis        ………..……………………………………………..………..43

4.3 Discussion of Findings and Results      ……...…………………...……………..46

CHAPTER FIVE: …………………………………………………………………….50

5.0 Summary of Findings Conclusion and Recommendation ………….….….….50

5.1 Summary of Findings …..…………………………………..…………….50

5.2 Recommendation ……….……………………………………………………51

5.3 Further Research ………...……………….………………………………….54

References ………...…………………………………….……………………………55


ANALYSES OF THE IMPACTS OF MARITIME POLLUTION ON MARINE ENVIRONMENT: CASE STUDY OF NIGER DELTA REGION, NIGERIA

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Maritime and Transport
Project ID MAT0006
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 56 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Maritime and Transport
    Project ID MAT0006
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 56 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT There has been a proliferation in the activities of crude oil exploration across the globe as a result of increase in high risk of oil spillage and the accompanying environmental hazards. In Nigeria, this has been the order of the day since the initiation of the first petroleum industry in country’s Niger delta region. Oil spills have... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1      BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY 1.2        Solid wastes comprise all the wastes arising from human and animal activities that are normally solid, discarded as useless or unwanted. Also included are by-... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study deals with public relations as a tool for conflict management in the Niger Delta (A Case Study of Niger Delta Development Commission). The specific area of study is Port- Harcourt Umuahia, Owerri and Yenogoa. Some hypotheses were put up to guide during the research work. Literature review and some reference were made to relate... Continue Reading
    PUBLIC RELATIONS AS A TOOL FOR CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGER DELTA DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION) ABSTRACT This study deals with public relations as a tool for conflict management in the Niger Delta (A Case Study of Niger Delta Development Commission). The specific area of study is Port- Harcourt Umuahia, Owerri... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project, studies the socio-economic impact of the Niger Delta development commission in the Niger Delta regions. Consequently, all the impacts and developmental changes were examined to determine the effectiveness of the commission... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the study Nigeria flares more natural gas associated with oil extraction than any other country, with estimates suggesting that of the 3.5 billion cubic feet (100,000,000 m³) of associated gas produced annually,... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT One of the major security threat confronting Nigeria is the proliferation of small arms and light weapons. Despite the industrial level of human loss of lives and properties across space and time, and the heap of publications linked to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, the scourge has not received the needed attention it... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT One of the major security threat confronting Nigeria is the proliferation of small arms and light weapons. Despite the industrial level of human loss of lives and properties across space and time, and the heap of publications linked to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, the scourge has not received the needed attention it... Continue Reading
    NIGER DELTA CRISIS IN NIGERIA, ROOT CAUSES OF PEACELESSNESS IN THE REGION  ABSTRACT The oil rich Niger-Delta region of Nigeria has been embroiled in crisis between the government forces and some militants elements that are aggrieved over certain fundamental issues affecting the region which has lead to peacelessness. Since the last two decades,... Continue Reading