+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Production, Characterization and biodegradability of Biodiesel from Mangifera indica Kernel oil

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:50
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Industrial Chemistry Project Topics & Materials)

CHAPTER 1



INTRODUCTION



            Energy is essential to man’s continued existence. Today, the energy used by most industrialized and developing nations is oil, coal and natural gas. This need of energy is increasing continuously,1 fossil fuel reserves are fast depleting, crude oil prices are soaring and there is considerable uncertainty in their near-future availability. Countries lacking petroleum-based resources are facing foreign exchange crisis due to importation of crude oil. This increasing trend in world energy consumption can be attributed to a growing world population and activities of developing countries2. As world population continues to grow and the limited amounts of fossil fuels diminish, it may not be possible to provide the amount of energy demanded by only using fossil fuels to convert energy. And although, most countries are comfortable with the fairly low cost of converting fossil fuels as their main source of energy, there are problems associated with this: they are a major source of environmental pollution and the green house gas, CO2 which is associated with global warming.



            If we are to keep on the trend of increasing global consumption, resources are bound to run out. The amount of time until this happens depends on efforts from countries to tap into renewable resources2. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly certain that in the future agriculture will become a significant supplier of energy along with food3. Already, the renewable form of energy diversification, from our green fields, known as biofuels is gaining grounds and proving to be the viable complement to petroleum-based fuels. Due to its clean emissions, ease of use and many other benefits, biodiesel is quickly becoming one of the fastest growing alternative fuels in the world. It can be used either pure or in blends with diesel fuel in unmodified engines as it reduces some exhaust pollutants. Also, while it can be produced from animal fats, the main fuel stock is vegetable oils, which can be obtained from amazing variety of plants. 4

Production, Characterization and biodegradability of Biodiesel from Mangifera indica Kernel oil

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Industrial Chemistry
Project ID IDC0026
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 50 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Industrial Chemistry
    Project ID IDC0026
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 50 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Energy is essential to man’s continued existence. Today, the energy used by most industrialized and developing nations is oil, coal and natural gas. This need of energy is increasing continuously, 1 fossil fuel reserves are fast depleting, crude oil prices are soaring and there is considerable uncertainty in their... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0     GENERAL INTRODUCTION Energy is a fundamental pillar of modern society as well as being an essential building block for socio-economic development (UNIDO, 2007). The awareness of the imminent depletion of fossil fuels coupled with a global energy crisis has stimulated interest in the research for alternative... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT In African folk medicine, water infusion of Mangifera indica stem bark are highly valued in thelocal treatment of malaria fever, diarrohea, diabetes mellitus and liver diseases. Various part ofthis plant can also be used in treatment of toothache, dysentery, anemia, hypertension andinsomnia in different parts of the world. This study was... Continue Reading
    C HAPTER ONE 1.0    INTRODUCTION Origin:        Mango ( Mangifera indica)  (Opioro)is a native to Southern Asia especially Burma and Eastern India. It is a member of cashew family ( Anacardiacee)  on of the most important and widely cultivataed fruits of the tropic world. Mango is considered as a king in Indian delicacy. The roots and... Continue Reading
    Abstract  Background Newcastle disease  is a highly contagious disease of birds caused by Paramyxovirus. Birds mostly affected by Paramyxovirus virus includes; chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks and guinea fowls. Newcastle disease however, remains a worldwide problem. There are three major strains of Newcastle disease virus and they are velogenic,... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Oil obtained from orange peels and velvet tamarind nut by solvent extraction (n-hexane and acetone) using the soxhlet extractor were investigated as feedstock’s to determine some of the suitable parameters such as iodine value, saponification value, specific gravity, density, acid value and free fatty acid value, and their percentage... Continue Reading
    The introduction Methodology Materials needed Characteristics of bacillus that can produce amylase isolated from Palm kernel waste water in the production of local palm oil Characteristics of bacillus specie that have the potential to bioflocculate isolated from Palm kernel waste water in the production of local palm oil Aim and objectives of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT: The interest in using Jatropha curcas L. (JCL) as a feedstock for the production of bio-diesel is rapidly growing. The properties of the crop and its oil have persuaded investors and policy makers to consider JCL as a substitute for fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this report, we gave an overview of the currently... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT: The interest in using Jatropha curcas L. (JCL) as a feedstock for the production of bio-diesel is rapidly growing. The properties of the crop and its oil have persuaded investors and policy makers to consider JCL as a substitute for fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this report, we gave an overview of the currently... Continue Reading
    1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters) is an alternative fuel for diesel engines. It is an alcohol ester product from the transesterification of triglycerides in vegetable oils or animals accomplished by reacting lower alcohols such as methanol or ethanol with triglycerides. The National Biodiesel Board (USA)... Continue Reading