+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Physio-chemical and micro bacterial assessment of bottled water samples sold in bauchi metropolis

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:75
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Chemical Engineering Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

            The advent of sachet and bottled water has increasingly filled the gap in household water security. This research work was carried out to assess the quality of bottled and sachet water sold in Bauchi metropolis. Thirty (30) water brands consisting of twenty (20) sachet water brands and ten (10) bottled water brands were assessed for their physical, chemical and microbiological parameters using standard analytical procedures. Physical examination was carried out to ascertain whether the water brands met the required standards set by World Health Organization (WHO) and Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON). Physical characteristics such as appearance, odour, taste, turbidity, pH, conductivity, temperature, total dissolved solid, and total suspended were also determined by instrumental methods. Chemical Characteristics measured included Mn, Ca, Zn, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Pb, Na, and Cl-. All the chemical parameters were determined in dissolved form using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) technique in an air-acetylene flame except for Cl-. Chlorine was determined using Lovibond field comparator. Microbiological characteristics such as total bacteria count and faecal coliform were determined using pour plate and membrane filtration methods respectively. The results from the physical examinations reveals that all the bottled water met the recommendation except for mineral composition. However BW1 and BW10 of the water brands indicate their mineral compositions. While the sachet water couldn’t meet the physical examination standard. The study further reveals that for the physical characteristics for bottled and sachet water, (100%) met the recommended standard. The chemical characteristics, have 60% of the bottled water brands and 100% of the sachet water brands met the recommended standards. While the microbiological evaluation revealed that all (100%)  of the bottled water and 90.00% of the sachet water had total bacteria coliform within the recommended standards set by World Health Organization (WHO) and Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON). These results raised a question of safety and it is therefore suggested that regular analysis of sachet water would greatly improve public health.

Physio-chemical and micro bacterial assessment of bottled water samples sold in bauchi metropolis

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Chemical Engineering
Project ID CNG0270
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 75 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Chemical Engineering
    Project ID CNG0270
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 75 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT The advent of sachet and bottled water has increasingly filled the gap in household water security. This research work was carried out to assess the quality of bottled and sachet water sold in Bauchi metropolis. Thirty (30) water brands consisting of twenty (20) sachet water brands and ten (10) bottled water brands were assessed for their... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT In the bid to ensure adequate water supply, packaged water has been introduced to provide safe and affordable drinking water. In spite of the varying levels of contamination, sachet water is still well accepted. This study therefore employed both quantitative and qualitative research designs to draw out survey and semi - structured... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Vegetables are important in the diets of both human being and their livestock. Vegetables improve appetite and supply consumers with fibre, protein, flavour, essential oils and flavonoids (Klansmewyer et al., 2004). The problem of food poisoning especially vegetables is not limited to personal hygiene while cooking but is also widely... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Due to scarcity of potable water, rainwater harvesting from rooftop has been favoured as an alternative source of water supply by most rural communities in Nigeria. This study investigated the physicochemical characteristics of rainwater harvested from four different rooftop sheets in Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State. Samples were collected from... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study investigated the sanitary assessment and physiochemical characteristics of hand- dug wells in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria with a view to support the operation and maintenance of hand-dug wells by providing clear guidance for remedial action to protect and improve water supply in the study area. The town was zoned into ten... Continue Reading
    INTRODUCTION This is a Biotechnology project on study of Physio chemical and Qualitative traits on some Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa) . Rice is the world’s most important food crop and a major source of food for more than half the world’s population. Rice could be a staple food for simple fraction of the population within the world. Rice could... Continue Reading
    ASSESSMENT OF POTASSIUM BROMATE IN BREAD SOLD IN ABIA STATE (A CASE STUDY OF ABA METROPOLIS) ABSTRACTS Bread samples were obtained from different locations in Aba environs, Abia State Nigeria, with random selective sampling and to assess their potassium bromate contents (mg/100g). Twenty (20) bread samples were used, the results showed that the... Continue Reading
    Nine samples of freshly prepared kunu was taken from local vendors and hawkers at Tanke area, Ilorin, Kara State and analyzed for microbial quality. The pH of the samples ranged from 2.66 to 4.06. The total bacterial count ranged from 1.5×104 to 7.4×104 cfu/ml; the total coliform count ranged from 1.0x102 to 8.0x103cfu/ml; the faecal coliform... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT  The bacteriological examination of bottled and sachet water in Enugu metropolis, a case study of Aqua Rapha in 9th mile, Enugu was carried out to determine the bacterial load in the water samples and organisms that contaminates the water. The water samples were spring water, well water and surface tank reservoir of rain water from... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This research work physico-chemical quality of well water within Araromi Automobile Spare Parts market Agodi, Ibadan. The research work assess the physico-chemical characteristics of thewell water sample collected in the study area and also identify analyze and compare the heavy metal concentration with national and international... Continue Reading