COOPERATIVE EDUCATION/TRAINING AND EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF CO-OPERATIVE BUSINESS ENTERPRISES
(A CASE STUDY OF COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)
The study was conducted to examine cooperative education/training and effective management of cooperative business enterprises (A case study of cooperative societies in Udi Local Government Area). The research divided the study into five chapters. Based on the above. Chapter one is all about, the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of this study, significance of the study, scope and limitation. Generally, history of cooperative education in the developing countries of the world foundation of cooperative has been the lack of cooperative education/training. In specific terms, the objectives of the study are: to determine the importance of cooperative education/training. To access how the cooperative education has affected the effective or ineffective working of the management of cooperative business enterprise. Chapter two is all about the literature review of the past related work of this topic. Chapter three covers the population of the study which consists of all the registered primary cooperative societies in Udi Local Government Area, sampling and sample size determination, sample technique, source of data were from primary and secondary sources. Primary sources were collected through oral interview, questionnaire and observation while secondary source were collected through cooperative texts, literature review and journals. Chapter four is all about presentation, analyzing and interpreted, tabular modes of data presentation on percentage basis. Chapter five is all about summary of research findings, conclusion and recommendation. Improvement of cooperative Education/Training, so as to ensure that, it makes great positive impacts on the effective working on the management of cooperative business enterprises. With reference to the findings, the researcher recommend that a thorough training is needed to be conducted. Adequate cooperative Education/Training and Effective Management of Cooperative Business Enterprise will help in the development of cooperative societies in Udi Local Government Area.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Significant of the study
1.5 Scope and Limitation
1.6 Definition of Terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Meaning and concept of Cooperative Education/Training
2.2 Importance of Cooperative Education/Training
2.3 Need for cooperative Education/Training
2.4 Factors that militate against Cooperative Education/Training.
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
3.1 Study Area
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Sample and Sample Size
3.4 Sample Technique
3.5 Method of Data Collection
3.6 Description of Data Collection Instrument
3.7 Method of Data Analysis
4.0 Result and Discussion
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Data
5.0 Recommendation and Conclusion
5.1 Summary of Findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Cooperative Education/Training is one of the cooperative principles which seek to provide Education/Training for cooperative members, elected representatives, managers and employees, so that they can contribute effectively to the development of their cooperative. Its importance cannot be overemphasized in cooperative development. Cooperative education/training stands in the centre of the cooperative movement.
From the inception of the early cooperative of Rochadale, the pioneers of the world cooperatives movement, one of the unique tasks embarked upon was philosophy and practice of cooperative. Even in the recent review of cooperative principles in 1966, the International Cooperative Alliance “ICA” re-stated Cooperative Education/Training as one of the cardinal principles of cooperation. The cooperative rules laws and bye-laws of respective cooperative societies and the 1993 cooperative decree stipulated that some percentage of the cooperative society surplus should be appropriated as a provision for education, training and information of the members, management committee and other cooperative officials. The management of cooperative business enterprises is a body of elected members in a cooperative society who handles the affairs and the day to day running of the cooperative business enterprise. The importance of management in any organisation is axiomatic. The success or failure of an organisation depends to a great extent on the quality of the management committee.
Therefore officers and management of cooperative business enterprise required a more technical education/training to be able to control the management. Moreover, in order to alleviate the problems of illiteracy, ignorance of members, misconduct and poor management. Cooperative education/training and management of cooperative business enterprises must be tenaciously pursued.
Cooperative provide education and planning for their members elected representative, managers and employees so they can contributed effectively to the development of their cooperatives. They inform the general public particularly young people and opinion leaders about the nature and benefits of cooperative.
Cooperative education involves member education involves member education involved member education staff and public education. Cooperative education will result to information dissemination and creation of the needed information. The purposes of cooperative education.
- To create and also to creating, forwarding awareness
- To provide knowledgeable members and physical ability in them.
To produce efficient and result oriented staff.
To produce dedicated leaders who can brings ideals in a positive angle.
To produce dedicated leaders who can brings ideals in a positive angle.
Cooperative education is regarded as the mother of all the principles of cooperative. Thus, without education, the other cooperative principles cannot be effectively applied. Imparting cooperative education is the responsibility of cooperatives societies education instiutions, government or government agencies responsible for cooperative matters, international cooperative Alliance graduate of cooperative etc. It is of interest to ntoe that cooperative etc is of interest to note that cooperative education should be handled by knowledgeable persons or expert in cooperative education is meant for the followings persons.
The general public which can make positive angle in a stand prospective members who understanding that there about members of cooperative organization progressive of the organization. Cooperative officers (past) employees also find a merit solutions for the organization. A member of the society may not withstanding the content of the bye laws of the society to the contrary give notice to the society of which he is a member within a period of two months from his receipt of the copy of the preliminary resolution, indict his intention not to become a member of the new society. Promote better trained management and staff as increased revenue from several activities puts the society in the region of comfort. Reduced burden on the members and staff to share contribution will be limited to only society. Cooperative effect will be shared by many members or trained, even to seek an ideas profit.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Generally, history of cooperatives education in the developing countries of the world reveals that the main cause of rickety foundation of cooperation has been the lack of cooperative education/training.
Lack of cooperative education/training is disloyalty of members, high incidence of over-due and unpaid loans, low attendance at meetings, ignorance of members’ proposals, poor member relations, bad management, low productivity resulting in little or no surplus, poor public image, inability to change with the times and other harmful result.
Lack of education/training and business inexperienced limits the effectiveness of managers, president, secretaries, treasurers and other management committee members. Quite often, some people come together as members pool their resources together and form a cooperative society without the proper cooperative ideology. They enter into cooperative business for political or personal interests, without adequate cooperative education/training to equip them for an effective task.
Some cooperative societies, due to their small-size, low membership, find it very difficult to raise fund sufficient to organize or sponsor special training programmes for their management of cooperative business enterprises. Such cooperative education/training programme includes seminars, conferences or relevant courses institutions of higher learning.
Most cooperative societies do not have serious training programme for their staff. One may still point to inadequacy of fund as a main reason for this situation. One can hardly see any cooperative employee (not government officials) from around attending any of the cooperative education/ training. Members can be individual help liable for all the outstanding debts of the cooperative without giving account of positive but it cooperative provide education/ training for their members elected representative managers, and employees so they can contribute effectively to the development of their cooperatives. They were concerns of the fact that lack of cooperative educational/ training was one of the causes for the collapse of the early cooperative movement. Cooperative education/ training helps equip the members with the skills, knowledge and confidence to enable then use, participate in and control the cooperative move effectively and generally, to become both better cooperative education. Training. The members were ignorant of the role of cooperative society their rights and responsibilities and there was no provision for education. Training. Education training is prime necessity for the success of cooperative societies, because the plight of the members was because of the ignorance. The practice of cooperative education/ training is power to forward cooperative and it cannot stand without education/ training the benefits of cooperative were derived from people attempting things for themselves or outstanding cooperative societies should embark on sound education / training for all managers and workers.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The basic objective of this stud is to determine empirically the cooperative education/training and effective management of cooperative business enterprise in specific terms the objectives of the study are:
(i) To determine the importance of Cooperative Education/Training on cooperative development.
(ii) To access how the cooperation education/training has affected the effective or ineffective working of the management of cooperative business enterprise in the cooperative sector in Udi Local Government Area.
(iii) To examine the modalities for proper cooperative education/training and management of cooperative business enterprise.
(iv) To participate of cooperative education/ training of staff and members.
(v) To promote the integrate of women and youth in cooperative education/ training.
(vi) To integrate cooperative education /training with the government. To answer the need fro mostly in the developing countries and enterprises to provide 5 ½ % of the society education/ training for the advantage of the cooperative.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
According to the statement of the International Cooperative Alliance (ICA) in its 1972 congress, “All Cooperative Societies should make provision for cooperative Education/Training for their members officers and their employees as well as the general public, in the principles and techniques of cooperative both economic and democratic” (Agbo 1992).
This study aims at solving the problems of acute shortage of managerial manpower. It also aims at facilitating cooperative development.
Cooperative education / training as brought out by international cooperative Alliance. It states that” Cooperative society, open to all person able to their services and willing to accept the responsibility of members without gender, racial political or religious discrimination. The statement of cooperative education / training was the product of a length process of consultation involving thousand of cooperative round the world. It also aims to reveal cooperative education/ training about their operations to their principles cannot be effectively applied. Through well designed articulated and functional cooperative education/ training, mass enlightenment and publicity.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS
(i) Cooperative is an association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspiration through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise.
(ii) Education/Training is a process designed to give knowledge and develop skill. This is the fifth (ICA) cooperative principle which stipulates the provision of Education/Training for members, elected representatives, managers and employees of cooperative societies to the development of their cooperatives.
(iii) Management of cooperative business enterprise. The governing body of a registered cooperative society to whom the management of its affairs is entrusted.
(iv) Management of cooperative will be very much interested in building high volume of reserves another organ of ICA is referred to as committee for technical service. Member of this see to the technical activities and skill acquisition of developing cooperative education/ training in cooperative societies
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