DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEATHER FORECASTING PACKAGE FOR AVIATION INDUSTRY
(AUTOMATED FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM)
The flagrant rate of plane crash in the country toady has given much concern and desire to carry out this “Design and Implementation of a whether fore-casting package for aviation industries”.
The researcher having been a student for some years now was disturbed by the rate of plane crash and the rate at which lives and properties worth billions of naira were lost in the process.
Considering the economic hardship is the society today, changes must be made to the patterns of operation of the Aviation industries is our country so that timely and efficient decision-making is taken for efficient utilization of available resources.
Meteorologists should be provided with sophisticates instruments and equipment for whether observation and recording is order to reduce the rate of unpredictability in plane-crash in our country. The Nigerian Airport Authority Metrological Department and station was chosen as a case study.
The expected officers were interviewed in this department. The date used for the design were collected through this method and also through observation methods, which were carried out on several occasions of visit to this organisation. It was observed that, without a whether forecasting package, timely and efficient aviation operation would not be achieved.
ORGANISATION OF WORK
This project is divided into seven chapters as follows:
Chapter One is the introduction. It contains some sub-heading like the statement of the problem, purpose of the study, the aim and objectives of the study, the scope and delimitations, limitations and constraint and the limitations and constraint and the definitions of term.
Chapter Two deals on the literature review.
Chapter Three talks about the description and analysis of the existing system which includes the facts findings method used, organisational structure, objective of the existing system, the input, process, and the output analysis, the information flow diagram, the problem of the existing system and the justification of the new system.
Chapter four is about the design if the new system and it involves output specification and design, input specification and design, file design, procedure chart, system flow chart and the system’s requirement.
Chapter five is the implementation it include program deign, program flow charts. Pseudocodes, the source program and the test program (run).
Chapter six deals on documentation
Chapter seven is made up of the recommendation and conclusion
Finally, references follow after chapter seven.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Statement of the problem
1.2 Purpose of the Study
1.3 Aims and Objectives of the study
1.4 Scope/ Delimitation of study
1.5 Limitations/ Constraints
1.6 Definition of Terms
3.0 Description and Analysis of the existing system
3.1 Fact- findings methods used
3.2 Organisational structure
3.3 Objectives of the existing system
3.4 Input, process, output analyses
3.5 Information flow diagram
3.6 Problems of the existing system
3.7 Justification of the new system
4.0 Design of the new system
4.1 Output specification and Design
4.2 Input specification and design
4.2 File Design
4.3 Procedure chart
4.5 System flowchart
4.4 System requirements
5.1 Program design
5.2 Program flowchart
5.4 Source Program
5.5 Test Data
7.0 Recommendation and Conclusion
TABLE OF FIGURE
Information flow diagram
We are all aware of the diverse and important role Aviation can play in the social and economic way of any nation. Aviation provides effective and timely, national and international transport for people and freight. Transport can be defined as factor of the created importance in all economic activities. It appears true to say that the structure of the transportation network tells the story of the economic development within the areas. Each of the main type of transportation so far developed, namely; road, rail and air transportation operates in different manner and places particular areas and sites and has an advantage at least over one another.
Here, we consider only the air transportation, which involves whether predictions before its operations. Whether is the condition of the atmosphere at a certain place at a specific time. It is therefore a day to day or even an hourly affair. Weather is a local. This means time and place of recording is very essential. On the other hand, climate is the description of the average condition of the atmosphere over a considerable area for along time (at least thirty five years). The study of the climate of an area includes, temperature, rainfall, wind and pressure, amount of sunshine, humidity and visibility.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Meteorologists usually do the observation and recording of weather inputs. Due to the complex nature of these recording, they encounter some problems during their work. The problem are:-
1. Lack of adequate instruments and equipment for taking accurate readings and recordings.
2. Incorrect description of weather inputs by these meteorologists which leads to wrong forecasting.
3. Wrong use of database and organisation.
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The need for weather information for the safe generation of aircraft was first recognized on the very day the Wright Brothers (Willbur and Orill) made a historic flight demonstration on 17 December, 1903. during the demonstration sudden strong guest of wind damaged their aircraft. Other flight made during the early year up Aviation indicated that weather information and forecasting played a major role in Aviation operation. It was also discovered that flights were impossible under poor visibility and lows clouds. This situation is still witnessed till date. So, the purpose of this study is to receive meteorologists from the cumbersome nature of their, job, which is hourly observation and recording. It will also reduce the mistake they make in their description of weather condition, which will lead to timely and efficient weather forecasting.
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
Owing to the problem of inadequate instruments and equipment for taking accurate weather inputs that lead to wrong forecasting and wrong use of database.
The aim and objectives of this project is to design a weather forecasting package that will help the Aviation industries to weather forecast effectively.
This defines what the precise limits of the possible area are: in this study the scope or delimitation will be meteorological department and weather station of the Enugu State Airport Authority Emene. The methods of weather observation, recording and instruments used will be considered. The reasons for lack of weather forecasters in the organisation will also be taken in account.
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