THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND ATTITUDES OF COLBEN STUDENTS TOWARDS HIV/AIDS IUN OVIA NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
The purpose of this research work was to examine the level of awareness and attitude of Colben students towards HIV/AIDS in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. The research instrument used was the questionnaires, 200 respondents were used for the study. From the data collected the following finding were revealed that although many Colben students have heard of HIV/AIDS as a dreaded killer diseases, only few of them know the causes of HIV/AIDS. Some of the students lack adequate information on the mode of transmission of the diseases there is poor role of the secondary schools in HIV/AIDS education of student’s lack of sex education in the school curriculum. Parents shy away from their responsibility in educating their children about their body chemistry. Lastly lack of awareness campaign about HIV/AIDS based on these findings the following recommendations were made: Government should encourage the introduction of sex education in the College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin school curriculum. Government and non-governmental organizations should put in more efforts on awareness campaign program. Government should organize seminars, workshops based on the mode of transmission of HIV among Colben students, which will enable them to know that is their responsibility to educate their children about their body chemistry.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Chapter One: Introduction
Background to study
Statement of problems
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Chapter Three: methodology
Population and sample
Instrument for collecting data
Validation of data
Reliability of the instrument
Method of data collection
Data analysis techniques
Analysis and data interpretation
Summary, findings, recommendations and conclusions
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
HIV/AIDS has created a major health and social problems which has estimated to threaten the survival of individuals in most countries. In Nigeria HIV/AIDS situation is generally pathetic issues particularly the increasing rate of HIV/AIDS infection and death among College of Education Students in Ekiadolor-Benin City which is the chief concern of this research. HIV/AIDS was first officially reported in San Francisco in June 1981 by doctors from Los Angeles who discovered the strange disease fundamentally among male students who were homosexuals and intravenous drugs users.
The disease is prevalent among homosexual because it is commonly found in the blood and homosexual engaged in anal sex which causes rectal bleeding that make transmission take place. most researcher believe that human beings acquired HIV/AIDS through different means. Several schools of taught which are idealism =, behaviorism and pragmatism et arose concerning the causes of HIV/AIDS is caused by a virus known as T-Lymphotrophic virus type III (HTL II) or AIDS related virus (ARV) infection of this virus does not always lead to Aid preliminary in good health other may develop illness varying severity from mild to extremely serious. The virus that subsequently lead to Aid diseases is called Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). According to population report 2007 of the Joint United Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) which show approximately 20,000 new cases of HIV infected occur per day globally, 50% of this are among young people 30% of over sixty million people living with HIV/AIDS are within the age bracket of 15 to 30 years. Population report (2001) Africa is the epic center of the pander because of it has felt the greatest of AIDS where of Africa constituted only 13.2% of world population it account for 69.2% i.e. about (2/3) of world HIV/AIDS cases.
By the year 2007, 2.3 million Africa out of 36.1 million world wide have been infected (W.H.O.) AIDS is the fourth leading cause of death in the world wide number of one cause of death in Sub Sahara Africa in this region2 million death as result of AIDS was recorded for the year 2007 which make 80% of the total world wide population those infected with HIV/AIDS and Nigeria as a populous country is not excluded.
In Nigeria HIV/AIDS situation is getting worst a a result of ignorance, denial stigmatization and unsaved sexual practice. Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS is increased by social factors such as moral decadence, conflict, inequality, and inadequate health care system and poverty. Ragging from research activities like huge financially having been invested by individual, local committee medical experts governmental organization to fight against the spread of the view and to take care of the people living with HIV/AIDS. The use of anti-retroviral drugs, use of micro biocide (for vaginal or erectal administration). Effective sex education, family life education (FLE) are all target campaigns against the killer disease HIV/AIDS. However, in many developing countries like Nigeria Aids remain a rising epidemic where there is inadequate knowledge about Hiv status indulge in HIV/AIDS friendly behaviour and illicit prenatal and unprotected sexual activities at an alarming rate. Whether in school or at home, the age of which most Nigerian students have their first sexual experience is increasing and also the rate of their promiscuity. As a result of the problem of lack of awareness mentioned above the study is undertaking to explain the phenomenon of HIV/AIDS, and way to spread and to create awareness on the risk danger severity and consequences of being infected with HIV/AIDS since Aids has remain on incurable disease.
College of education students Benin can reduce their risk of exposure to HIV/AIDS by modifying and changing their sexual attitude and behaviour.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
A lot of work has been done about Aids especially in terms of prevention and finding a cure, non governmental organization and governmental organization have put so much financial human materials resources in the war against Aids inspite of this the disease has continued to spread at an alarming rate and Africa countries recorded the greatest number of Hiv infections and death. The United Nation (UN) estimated that 34.3 million in the world have Aids more than 50% higher than what the world health organization global programme projected in 2002 with 24.3 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa Sampont, 2008
Everyone is vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infections but it has been observed that adolescent and youth are more vulnerable, this is true in most developed and under developed countries from a substantial point of view today College of Education Ekiadolor Benin are under greater peril of HIV/AIDS, STDs and Aids control agency estimate that more than 60% of new cases of HIV/AIDS infections occurs in youth between the age bracket of 13-17 years, this is because College of Education Ekiadolor Benin are becoming sexually active and having multiple sexual partners and their vulnerable misconception about course and consequence of the risk severity of the disease. Another issue to be considered is that parents shy away from educating their children sexually, and this type of education may not be in school curriculum which makes most students at risk as a result of ignorance? Not only this many affluent and poor young students with insufficient parental nurture and guidance because parent spend most of their time for mix of survival.
Some College of Education Student lack adequate and proper knowledge about this disease and their own development and its implication through the lack of awareness about protective and provisional health and how to utilize this service and this is attributed to the medical institutional effect today in Nigeria and turn lead to considerable negative aspect such as socio-economic on the students, family and society at large. This implies that if there is awareness and knowledge of consequence of HIV/AIDS among College of Education Ekiadolor Benin students the high prevalent could be reduces and students will embrace preventive behavioural change since the students of College of Education Ekiadolor Benin have the right to speak specifically in this HIV/AIDS era. The above problem stated necessitated the researcher to set about the project with view to correct e.g. the problem in College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin, in Ovia North East Local Government Area as the focus point.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study are:
i. To access the level of awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS among College of education Ekiadolor Benin students.
ii. To determine the attitude of College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin students towards people living with HIV/AIDS
iii. To enlighten all College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin students about the right to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS.
iv. To inculcate into College of Education Ekiadolor Benin students the important routes through which proper information about sex, sexuality reproduction and human disease are made available.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Based on the above assumptions, the following research question will be tested
i. What is the level of awareness of students in College of education, Ekiadolor-Benin on the mode of transmission of Aids?
ii. What is the source of information on Aids among College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin students?
iii. What is the perception of College of education, Ekiadolor-Benin students towards HIV/AIDS?
iv. What is the attitude of College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin students about HIV/AIDS?
v. Does cultural and religions influences make you to lack proper information about HIV/AIDS.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Every one in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin the students, lecturer, staff and non-academic staff is venerable to HIV/AIDS which has considerable negative affects of an individual, family and society at large.
Naturally a great deal of pressure is on the researcher to find out how all categories of person can be protected from HIV/AIDS infection. The problem of HIV/AIDS is not only a medical issue but also a social issue since it affect the entire society as a whole. No disease can be effectively study outside social condition or without adequate information about social factors.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study will be carried out among College of education Ekiadolor-Benin students in Ovia North East in Benin City, Edo State. The range age of the population to be studied is between seventeen to twenty five include male and female students in different departments. The study is an assessment of the level of HIV/AIDS awareness and their knowledge leading to attitude behavioural change.
the internet to supplement journal, workshops paper and first hand contact i.e. having contact with students.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Awareness: Awareness means having knowledge on something e.g. realizing something or state of being interested and knowing about something especially about event. In this context it means knowing that there is a deadly disease called Aids it means known the causes method of transmission symptoms stage of progression and preventive measure.
Aids: This means acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
Attitude: Can be defined as the way that you think and feel about some thing. It can also respond favourable or unfavourable to a person objective situation or event.
In this content it refers to the rate as which College of Education Ekiadolor, Benin are promiscuous and there behaviour towards clients people living with HIV/AIDS with the way of thinking and regarding Hiv.
Curriculum: This means the subjects that are include in course of study or taught in school such as College of Education Curriculum.
Deficiency: This mean the state of not having enough of some thing that is essential shortage of vitamin, deficiency in the diet can cause illness.
Eradication: This means removing something completely.
Empowerment: This means the process which the powerless gain greater control over the circumstance of their life.
HIV: This means human immune deficiency virus.
Illicit: Means not approved by the rule of the society.
Prevalent: Means something that is very common at a particular time or in a particular place. It can also be referred to as wide spread of something in a particular place or time; in this context it means the widespread of HIV/AIDS among students in College of Education Ekiadolor-Benin.
Safe Sex: This means abstinence or use of condoms during sex by sexually active students.
STD: This means sexually transmitted disease
Sexuality: This means the feeling and activities connected with person sexual desires.
Virus: Virus is anything that attached to the cells of another creative and use them to it make copies of itself.
Youth: Is the time of life where a person is young especially the time before a child becomes an adult.
Student: Is a person who is studying at a school, College University etc.
Colben: College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin.
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