EFFECT OF CONDOM IN PREVENTING SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG THE YOUTHS OF BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

(Education)

EFFECT OF CONDOM IN PREVENTING SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG THE YOUTHS OF BENIN CITY, EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

          This study was conducted at the College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin, Edo State of youths towards condom use.  A total of 200 youth drawn from this community and some youth who were also involved in this great institution of this study.

          The questionnaire designed by the writer was used to elicit information.  The implication drawn from this finding is that the likelihood of using condoms in sexually activities will also be attended with such ambivalence and complacency, thus creating a fertile ground for the spread of HIV/AIDS.

          In view of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it is suggested that there should be mass media with particular emphasis on utilization of acquired skills.  There is also the need for a renewed sense of commitment towards dissemination of sex related information by parents to their children wards to ensure an improved attitudinal disposition towards condom use.

 TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

1.6     BASIC ASSUMPTIONS

1.7     SCOPE OF STUDY

1.8     LIMITATION OF STUDY

1.9            DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1     DEFINITIONS OF YOUNG ADULTS

2.2     SEX EDUCATION

2.3     SEX CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG ADULTS

2.4     SEX BEHAVIOUR OF YOUNG ADULTS

2.5     HEALTH HAZARDS INHERENT IN PROMISCUOUS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR

2.6     SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG YOUNG ADULTS

2.7     CONDOM USE

2.8     ATTITUDE TOWARDS CONDOM USE

2.9     IDEOLOGICAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CONDOM USE

2.10   GENDER AND CONDOM USE

2.11   CONCLUSION

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1     STUDY DESIGN

3.2     POPULATION OF THE STUDY

3.3     SAMPLE OF SAMPLING METHOD

3.4     RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

3.5     VALIDITY OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

3.6     RELIABILITY OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

3.7     METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

3.8     ANALYSIS OF DATA COLLECTED

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

          The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic has contributed immensely to the present focus on sex education and reproductive health programmes its all encompassing consequences, which include health, social and economic implication is of particular relevance to youths.  This is because AIDS afflicts the age range, which constitutes the working class of any nation.

          In many African countries, HIV prevalence4 levels are high among youths.  It has been reported that more than half of all new infections occur in young people (Henry, 1993).  The association of young persons to reproductive health problems is closely related to their increased exposure to the world proneness to experimentation and peer pressure.

          According to Kim (2001) they are particularly at risk because the society does not provide for them.  The information, skills, health services and support they need to make well informed and responsible decisions about their sexual behaviour.

          Osoh (2001) noted that students in tertiary educational institutions are among the adolescents whose sexuality and reproductive health practices have been neglected in past research, most to the discourse on tertiary educational institution have heavily rested on contributions to the labour force and students militancy.  Despite this obvious neglect, it is evident that society is particularly susceptible to the consequences of sexual activities of groups and individuals, which include unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDS) including HIV/AIDS and other reproductive health problems.

          The onset of sexual  activity has become progressively earlier in a survey by the population reference Burearu (2001) of nine Sub-Shara African countries at least half of the young people surveyed has had sex before the age of 18 years.  This trend may be traced to the erosion of traditional African values which place emphasis on chastity and encourages marriage at an early age, particularly for girls.  Additionally the adoption of Western cultures, which have more permissive attitude to sexual issues have contributed to the liberal attitude to sex and increased sexual activity by the Nigerian youth (Feyisetan, 1987).

          As at 1991 it as estimated that 70% of all global HIV infections were estimated to have spread by sexual intercourse between men and women.  It is also believed that 80% of all infections resulted from heterosexual intercourse by the year 2000.

          Existing data have shown a lower condom use in the developing world.  This difference has been attributed to the higher, actual or perceived risk of sexually transmitted infective (STIS) by men in the developing work (Blane et al 1996). 

          A family planning survey carried out in 1994 by the Federal Office of statistics in Nigeria showed that only 36% of the adult population believed that there is protection against AIDS.  The immediate implications of this finding is that most men are not likely to use condom since they do not believe it provide protection (Gyepi-Gerbah 1985).

          Although prevention through behaviour change has been identified as a viable route in curtailing the spread of AIDS, current efforts neglect this important area, for instance, inspite of the relative low cost and safety of condoms they are rarely used even among high risk persons.  Notable attitudinal barrier towards the condom stern from the belief that they are insensitive, unnatural, meant for only promiscuous persons, may offend partner, inability to predict sexual activity, poor perception of risk etc.

          No doubt, reproductive health problems contribute significantly to the morbidity of the African youth.  A necessary step towards the improvement of quality of life must emphasize preventive strategies such as condom use to curtail the spread of the deadly AIDS which has no cure.

          In the light of the foregoing, there exists a need to evaluate the attitude of the Nigeria youth towards condom use.  The attitudinal disposition serves as a predictor to the probability of condom use in new of intervention strategies.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          Since prevention is the only viable option left to cure the AIDS pandemic, prevention strategies must have a clear objective, special attention must be given to young person because this group is prone to experimentations with its attendant consequences.

          Additionally, young persons represent the present as well as the future; therefore adequate prevention strategies must be given a high premium.  In this regard, the attitude towards condom use becomes relevant as this can guide the course of STIS, and consequent spread of the deadly disease. 

          This study therefore seeks of examine the following problems critically:

1.       what will be the several attitude towards condom use?

2.       will student attitude towards condom use be determined by gender?

3.       will student attitude towards condom use determined by use?

4.       will student’s attitude towards condom use be determined by family types?

5.       will students attitude towards condom use be determined by level of study?

6.       will students attitude towards condom use be determined by residence?

1.3     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

          The study seeks to determine students attitude towards condom.  Its specific objectives are to investigate if there will be any difference among students of the College of Education, Ekiadolor toward condom use as determined by

a.       Gender

b.       Age

c.       Level of study

d.       Type of family

e.       Residence

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

          This research is geared towards finding solution to the effect of condom in preventing STD and the following will be asked.

1.       Is the acceptability and attitude towards the use of condoms different in male and females?

2.       Do the older people accept the use of condoms more than the younger ones?

3.       Do condoms offer reliable contraceptives?

4.       Do the people believe that without the use of condom they can contact sexually transmitted diseases (STD)?

5.       Do the company in charge produced quality condom?

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

          The study is of utmost importance and relevance in the face of the threat posed by the AIDS pandemic.

          Secondly, youths fall victim, the age category of persons at risk by virtue of their age and proneness to experimentation and sexual activity.

          In view of the high premium placed on preventive strategies in the fight against AIDS, the need to evaluate young persons attitude towards a safer sex device like condom becomes very necessary.

1.6     BASIC ASSUMPTIONS

          It is assumed that youths by virtue of their youthfulness and early onset of sexual activity in sub-Sharan Africa will be sexually active, it is also assumed that youths who are after sex associated with a tendancy towards experimentation and seeking immediate gratification will not like to adopt safer-sex practices like condom use thus escalating the AIDS pandemic.

1.7     SCOPE OF STUDY

          This study is primary to carryout research on the effect of condom in preventing sexually transmitted diseases among the youths of Benin City.  The focus of the researcher will be on Ekiadolor community and the school will be College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin City.  100 youths will only be used in this researcher work.

          The formular for calculation is expressed below.

                   R       X           100

          N                       1

 

where R = Respondents

N = total number of respondents

100 = percentage

1.9     DEFINTION OF TERMS

Condom:  A rubber sheath used as a male contraceptive device as well is a protective device against STDS.

Attitude:  An enduring disposition held towards an object or person, which could be favourable or unfavosurable.

Safer Sex:  The herence to strategies that reduce the probability of STIS and HIV transmission.

Pandemic:  Pandemic is a disease occurring in a wide country or world wide

Reproduction health: Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system.

HIV:  HIV means Human Immune Deficiency Virus

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