THE CAUSES OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AMONG SCHOOL LEAVERS IN EDO STATE:
A CASE STUDY OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
The purpose, which this research was carried out is to find out the problem causing rural-urban migration among school learners: a case study of Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. to achieve the laid down objective, the researcher carried out an investigation by designing questionnaires for the people in the area of study. The data collected from the project in the locality were analyzed accordingly. The study ended with finding out the problem causing the rural-urban migration in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State in participation. This project work also covers recommendation on how problems of rural-urban migration can be overcome.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Research questions
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitation of the study
2.1 The reasons or causes of rural-urban migration written by different writers in different views.
2.2 Factors responsible for rural-urban migration regard to Egor Local Government Area, Edo State
2.3 Effects on rural-urban migration
2.4 Measures to stem/curb rural-urban drift
3.1 Research design
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Sample size of the study
3.4 Method of data collection
3.5 method of data analysis
Data presentation and analysis
4.1 Data presentation
4.2 Data analysis
Summary of findings, Conclusion, and recommendations
5.1 Summary of findings
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Migration simply means the physical movement by humans from one area to another, sometimes over long distance or in large groups. Historically, this movement was noticed among the nomadic and this often cause significant conflict with indigenous population and their displacement or cultural assimilation. Only a few nomadic people have retained this farm of life styles in modern times, migration has continued under the form of both voluntary ,migration within one’s region, country, or beyond and involuntary migration, which includes the slave trade, trafficking of human beings and ethnic leashing. People who migrate into a territory are called immigrants, while at the departure point, they are emigrants. Small populations migrating to develop a territory considered void of settlement depending on historical setting, circumstances and perspective are referred to as settlers or colonist, while populations displaced by immigration and colonization are called refugees. The rest of this article will cover sense of a “change of residence”, rather than the temporary migrations of travel tourism, pilgrimages, or the commute.
According to international organization for migration, the term migrant was usually understood to cover all cases where the decision to migrate was taken freely by the individual concerned for reasons of “personal convenience” and without intervention of an external compelling factor, it therefore applied to persons, and family members, moving from one country to another country or region to better their materials or social conditions and improve the prospect for themselves or their family.
Migration appeared to modern men in stages which was due to mans mobility, hunting for animals, food and moving from place to place in search for favourable climate and safety from wide animals in the jungles. The above factors coupled with area with social amenities might have been the causes of the evolution of migration. Some theorist on migration are Sjaasted (1962), Todare (1969), Marries (1970), are leading exponents of economic theoretical model of migration decision making. Sjaasted’s model contents that people will move with the net present income than the net cost. Todare (1969) suggested that migration will continue as long as rural income level is low. Both Tadare (1969) and marries (1970) presented a two sector model of the dynamic model of employment in urban sector, which stresses three factors of migration namely:
1. The most migrants move in search of better life and income earning opportunities.
2. The migrants nationally take into consideration their chances of securing a job at destination.
3. That migrant will continues to move as long as income and job opportunities appear better in places other than their place of origin.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The project work therefore concern itself with specially gathering information that will offer solution to the following problems:
1. Does lack of infrastructural amenities affects the welfare of the rural dwellers?
2. Does the provision of social amenities bring about any meaningful development in the rural sectors?
3. Does the breakdown of some of the amenities disturb the economic and social life of the people?
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is to:
1. Find out the general causes of migration from Egor Local Government Area to another towns or cities.
2. Investigate how rural-urban migration has affected the interaction of the people in other towns and cities including Egor Local Government Area.
3. Recommended strategies for checking rural urban migration.
1. Does migration caused by lack of employment?
2. Does absence of social amenities in the area is a major factor that causes rural-urban migration in Egor Local Government Area?
3. Does migration caused by lack of higher institution in the areas?
4. Does lack of recreational facilities causes rural urban migration.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It has been stated that research must contribute to knowledge to make it work well. This is why it is necessary to state very clearly and concise form to envisage importance or contribution of the research. The significance of the study would help the youth and entire society to know the negative and positive effects on rural-urban migration and how to found a solution to the problems.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The effect of the migration of the people to other places and suggested strategies to be adopted to check rural-urban migration (Egor Local Government Area).