STAFFING PRACTICES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE BUSINESSES

(Business Administration and Management)

STAFFING PRACTICES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE BUSINESSES

ABSTRACT

This research work has attempted to identify the critical functions of staffing and their importance to small and medium scale businesses.

In carrying out the research work a sample size of forty small businesses in Benin city was chosen. Data were gathered through questionnaires and personal interview to examine the staffing practices in these small businesses.

In carrying out this work, it was found that the staffing function in small businesses is carried out by the owner/managers of the businesses. There is no unique way for ascertaining the staffing needs in these businesses. Recruitment is done mainly by family, friends and staff recommendation.

For staffing to be effective as a function of management, proper manpower planning should be done.  

Proper job analysis will lead to having the right staff, at the time and at the right place. Training is needed at all levels of management. Objective of performance evaluation should be stated to enhance its effectiveness.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                             

Title Page                               

Table of Contents                                      

Abstract                                                     

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                    

Statement of the Research Problem 

Objectives of the Study                    

Scope of the Study                                    

Significance of the Study                                     

Limitations of the Study                                               

 

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

Small and Medium Scale Enterprises                           

Staffing as a Function of Management                

Manpower Planning                                            

Job Analysis                                                                 

Recruitment                                                                  

Selection                                                                       

Placement                                                            

Training and Development                        

Performance Appraisal                                       

Separation                                                           

Situational Factors Affecting Staffing                           

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Introduction                                                                  

Research Design                                                  

Method of Data Collection                                  

Research Instrument                                  

Sample and Sample Size                                               

Method of Data Analysis                                                       

CHAPTER FOUR:

Data Presentation and Analysis                                       

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

Summary                                                            

Recommendations                                                        

Conclusion                                                          

Bibliography                                                      

Appendix                                                                     

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Staffing is one of the most important functions of management. It is an aspect of human resource management that includes finding sufficient number of people who will take up employment in the business and selecting from this number those to whom employment will be offered. The staffing function is housed in the human resource or personnel department of most large organizations while in smaller organizations where there is often the absence of a well defined separate personnel department, the process of staffing is conducted by the manager or owner of the business.

          However, whether small, medium or large scale enterprise the purpose of staffing is ensuring that positions within the organization are filled and remain filled with competent workers doing the work of the organization to ensure that goals are met. Most writers have agreed that staffing is composed of the following parts; recruitment, selection, placement, training and development, employee appraisal and separation. From this it can be concluded that staffing involves processes related to balancing the workload with available resources, recruiting, selecting among candidates for open positions, employees leaving the Organization, and transitioning into new positions (Carnegie Mellon University 001:109). Human resource is considered the most valuable yet the volatile and potentially unpredictable resource which an organization utilizes. If an organization fails to place and direct human resources in the right areas of the business, at the right time and at the right cost, serious inefficiencies are likely to arise creating considerable operational difficulties and likely business failure (Bramham 1990: Smith 1971). Acquiring and maintaining an adequate staff is the best asset an organization can have (Clifford: 1989:145).

Finding and keeping good employees is not a matter of luck but rather the result of aggressive recruitment, careful selection, proper training and motivation and thoughtful management. This may include careful manpower planning to reconcile the organization’s need for human resources with the available supply of labour in the local and national labour market.

STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM

This research work is going to provide answers to the following questions.

1.       How do small businesses determine their staffing needs? 

2        How do they recruit and select new employees?

3.       How do small-scale companies determine the right training and development programs for their employees?

4.       How do small-scale companies evaluate the job performance of their employees?

5.       How is the entire staffing function carried out in small-scale businesses?

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This study has the following objectives.

1.       To find out the methods adopted to ascertain the staffing needs of their companies.

2.       To ascertain the recruitment methods adopted by the firm.

3.       To find out if the firms understudy organize training and development programmes for their employees from time to time.

4.       To determine how job performance is evaluated.

5.       To ascertain the procedures involved in the entire staffing process of the organizations.

 

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

          This research work focuses on staffing in small and medium scale enterprise. That is, finding out the common trend used by small and medium scale enterprises. But intense study will be done in few organizations in Benin City, Edo State.

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

 This work is significant because it will produce data that will be useful to:

·              To entrepreneurs

·              To personnel managers

·              The researcher and student of management on staffing practices of small and medium scale organizations.

 

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

          The case study research design has limitations because staffing is to be studied in only few companies. This will make it difficult to generalize the findings to other companies.

          The questionnaire method of data collection is limited to verbalized responses to predetermined answer to questions. The structured and standardized format of the questionnaire may force the respondents to give answers that they do not fully endorse. The limitations are due to time and money constraint.

            

TERMS AND CONDITIONS

Using our service is LEGAL and IS NOT prohibited by any university/college policies

You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways:

1. As a source for additional understanding of the subject

2. As a source for ideas for your own research (if properly referenced)

3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase)

4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly)

Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright.

 

 

For more project materials

Log on to www.grossarchive.com

Or call

+2348130686500

+2348093423853

 

500
Leave a comment...