THE ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GEOGRAPHY: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE.
This project work focus on the attitude of students towards the teaching and learning of geography. A case study of some selected secondary school in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State. The data collected by means of questionnaire. The schools that formed the sample of study were Baptist High School, Eku, Delsu Staff Secondary School, Abraka, Girls Secondary School, Eku, Abraka Grammar School, Abraka, Samagidi Secondary School, Kokori. The data collected from the area where analyzed using simple percentages. From the study, certain findings emerged among which were:
a. The students offer geography
b. The students were interested in geography
c. The students gave the arousing of interest to correct the problem
d. The geography teachers taught geography to their students.
e. The teachers said the students had positive attitude towards the teaching and learning of geography.
f. The teachers said the provision of teaching aids was used to correct the attitude of students towards the teaching and learning of geography.
Based on these findings, the researcher made the following recommendations.
1. Geography teachers should be employed in the various schools was these teachers are not available.
2. Adequate teachers should be employed by government in public schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTCHAPTER ONE Introduction
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Objective of the study
Significant of the study
Limitation of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWOLiterature review Instructional materials in teaching geography
Teaching method in geography
Wide scope of geography
Attitude of students towards practical geographyCHAPTER THREE
Population of the study
Sample and sampling technique
Researching instrumentCHAPTER FOUR
Analysis of data and discussion of resultCHAPTER FIVE
INTRODUCTIONBACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A lot of students today do not realize the usefulness and importance of geography as a subject in our secondary schools. Hence many tend to have a wrong notion and perception, many tend to be scared of reading it as a course and discipline.
Geography as a subject covers various fields of study and discipline in science and social sciences of which can be of great help to individuals, students, companies and government economically. Presently, majority of the educationists in our society see the need and worth of geography and hence the demand for geography teachers are high in our secondary schools. Geography, which describes the earth’s surface, has drawn such as geology, meteorology, astronomy, anthropology and biology. Geography is the science of spatial intention or the study of the process by which forms and phenomena intact through their spatial arrangement on the earth surface.
According to section 4 (6A) of the revised national policy on education (1981), geography has been listed as one of the core subjects at the SSCE level. Students are expected to select one of literature in English, history and geography as the core subject.
Hammend (1979) says among other things geography helps man to do the following,
i. Master his environment that si the physical, biotic, economic, social cultural and political environment.
ii. Develop a systematic understanding of other people lands.
iii. Develop an understanding and sense of responsibility towards his own society and equated appreciation of both local, natural and world problem.
iv. Develop one’s ability of observation, imagination, memory judgement and reasoning which help one in every day life.
v. Above all geography is a discipline that aids one’s training in specific skill and a variety of career prospects and job opportunities.
However, in spite of the above-enumerated important position that geography holds in every day life and in the academic world, it is unfortunate that little cognizance has always been taken of students’ attitude towards the subject.
Archar (1977) stated that geography span almost the full range of the social sciences. Geography embodies all major discipline in the social science like economics, political science and pure science like physics, chemistry biology and agricultural sciences also have a meeting point in geography.
Okpolama (1977) said ‘the study of geography in Nigeria school is gradually declining when compared to other arts or social sciences and science subjects.
It is against this background therefore, that this study is initiated to find out the possible factors that are influencing the learning of geography.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It has noted that students having variable attitude towards a subject or programme will try to explore all the possible ways by making sure that they perform and vise versa.
Most students still have wrong notion and perception about geography. But this study is only restricted to some selected secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State. This indicate the fact that it is as a result of this the research is aim therefore to carefully investigate the attitude of students towards geography in some selected secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State. One pertinent issue is that question of what could be responsible for poor performances of students in geography could it be laziness or is it because some just have no interest but only ended up taking it, could it be that the teachers could not supply enough inputs or reading materials in solving students problems.
This study is intended to answer the following questions.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study to achieve include;
a. To examined the attitude of the students in the subject area.
b. To suggest ways of stimulating the attitude of the students furthers.
c. To find out the attitude of students towards practical geography.
d. To suggestion ways of how this wrong attitude towards geography in the study area can be corrected.RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research questions for this study are as follows:
a. What is the attitude of students towards geography in the study area?
b. How can this attitude be corrected?SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study provides information about the professionally qualified geography teachers in schools. It also helps to know the extent at which instructional materials for practical or map work are used. It enlightens the researchers, if the geography teachers adhere to the stipulated method for teaching various map work.
The study help to know the extent at which students participate in practical geography and also the extent to know if the wide scope of geography leads to poor performance or negative attitude towards geography. Finally, this study is expected to provide some useful information for the students, individuals, companies and governments in order to ensure that adequate measures are taken into consideration for students to have the right attitude towards geography.SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study covers an investigation of the attitude of students towards geography In some selected secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State.DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Geography is defined as a course, which deals with the human environment, activities, globe and its physical features.
2. Qualified geography teachers mean a geography teacher who possesses National Certificate of Education (NCE), first degree in geography education (B.Ed).
3. Attitude: As used in this study refers to a predisposition to respond in a particular way (Allport 1959). It also means the perception and conception towards a discipline
4. Secondary school: For the purpose of this study, secondary school students are represented by SSS I and SSS II students of some selected number of secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State.
5. Career: A means of earning a living.