+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

PERCEIVED PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PLAY THERAPY ON PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL WELL BEING OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:60
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Education Project Topics & Materials)

PERCIEVED PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PLAY THERAPY ON PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL WELL BEING OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

All preschool children have a right to play.  Play is a process by which children learn both educationally and socially.  Good quality play opportunities have a significant impact on child psychological and social development.  (Moore, Goltsman, & Iacofano, 1992)

Play involves the whole child. Thinking, creative expression of thoughts and feelings, and physical demands all interact in the dynamic process of play. Children learn about relationships with peers, significant adults, and the world around them through play activities. They experience the full range of their senses and feelings, how their bodies move through space, and how their imaginations can create alternate worlds of existence. When children build with blocks or sand, romp through the modules of a playground superstructure, learn limits and bond through rough and tumble play, or express themselves and represent the world through hundreds of different materials, they reap the benefits of play in thousands of different ways.  They are constantly learning and developing, becoming healthy, well-balanced individuals through play.

"Play is fun!" is how children usually respond when interviewed about play. But play is more than just fun. Play is engaging, voluntary and spontaneous. Play is a way for children to learn more about whom they are and what they can do. Play is a way for children to test limits, engage in fantasy, and learn about others. Researchers and scientists disagree as to why play is so important for children, but they all agree that play occurs the world over, and that children benefit in many ways from free play.

Play in the Nigeria over the last decade has gone from being almost exclusively an outdoor activity to one that is often situated indoors in front of televisions and computers. Schools, especially preschool so often concerned with academic development, have sacrificed outdoor play, and administrators may not be aware of the dire consequences for children. Outdoor play is very different than indoor play, and the unique skills developed during outdoor play cannot be developed completely through indoor play alone.

The benefits of outdoor play accrue in many ways. Obvious examples are improved cardiovascular and gross motor benefits. Less obvious is the role of outdoor play in children's cognitive, emotional, and social development. Physical activity promotes increased blood flow to the brain, leading to cognitive development (Shepard, 1997). In addition to this, children are able to engage in risk taking behaviors outdoors that would be impossible indoors, challenging themselves in ways which lead to improved self-esteem and self-confidence (Ellis, 1973). Children can engage in rough play and chase games, which are important not only for their physical development, but also for their social development.  Through social play, they learn the signals needed for successful play with others, as well as the rules for starting and stopping play (Bateson, 1972; Pellegrini, 1995). Such reasons demand that outdoor play remain an integral part of children's schooling in order to promote physically and psychologically healthy children, who then have a much better chance to become healthy adults.

STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM

The poor academic performance of preschool children during their early school years has been a cause for serious concern as it has regrettably led to the constant depreciation of educational standard in Nigeria. The physical and, psychological and social wellbeing of school children has to be put into serious consideration in improving their academic performance and achievement, this has unfortunately not been the case in our education system as little or no emphasis is placed on the aforementioned factors in our educational system.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major aim of the study is to examine the perceived psychological effect of play therapy on physical and social wellbeing of preschool children. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the need for play therapy in preschools in Nigeria.
  2. To determine the general importance of play therapy in Nigerian educational system.
  3. To examine the level of implementation of play therapy in Nigerian pre-schools.
  4. To recommend ways of improving the implementation of play therapy in Nigerian pre-schools.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the psychological effect of play therapy on physical and social wellbeing of preschool children?
  2. What is the need for play therapy in preschools in Nigeria?
  3. What is the general importance of play therapy in Nigerian educational system?
  4. What is the level of implementation of play therapy in Nigerian pre-schools?
  5. What are the ways of improving the implementation of play therapy in Nigerian pre-schools?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: Play therapy does not have a psychological effect on physical and social wellbeing of preschool children.

H1: Play therapy has a psychological effect on physical and social wellbeing of preschool children.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study would be of immense importance to the development of the childhood education. The study would also be of immense importance to the management of preschools in Nigeria. The study would benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study is restricted to the perceived psychological effect of play therapy on physical and social wellbeing of preschool children in Nigeria.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

PERCEIVED PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PLAY THERAPY ON PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL WELL BEING OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Education
Project ID EDU1281
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 60 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Education
    Project ID EDU1281
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 60 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    . ABSTRACT This study was carried out to examine the psychological effect of conflict/violence on women and childrenin Nsukka local government area, Enugu State. Specifically, the study aimed at determining the nature of conflict and violence on women and children; and to determine the... Continue Reading
      CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study The child is an important member of the environment and every society recognizes the worth of the child. In all human societies, children are highly regarded and accepted. Children provide for the survival of the society in term of population. It is the children that will promote and custody... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study sets out to investigate the effect of teachers’ attitude on preschool pupils’ academic performance in selected schools in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. Also, some relevant and related literatures were reviewed in this study in sub-headings. The descriptive research survey was applied in the assessment of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the socio-cultural factors influencing nutritional status of children below 5 years in selected rural communities in Enugu State. The objectives of the study were to determine the influence of family structure, socio-economic status of the family, maternal education on the nutritional status of... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study investigated the social, economic and psychological challenges of single parent family in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State. The study cross analyzed the degree of these challenges among the respondents in the study area.  The descriptive approach was adopted for the purpose data gathering. One hundred and forty... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Adolescence is often a stressful period during development because it involves a pivotal transition from childhood dependency to adulthood dependency and self-sufficiency (Smith, Cowie, & Blades, 1998). One major challenge that adolescents encounter during their teenage years involves acquiring a sense of personal... Continue Reading
    INTRODUCTION An abundance of research has shown that large transactional distance between geographically dispersed learners and supporting staff in Open and Distance learning institutions contribute to students’ feelings of isolation, low self efficacy and reduced level of motivation which culminates to poor academic performance. This study,... Continue Reading
    THEORETICAL FRAME WORK USES AND GRATIFICATION THEORY:  (Lazaisfeld and Stanbon (1944) Uses and gratification theory has provided a frame work for examining the satisfaction of needs and interests through different forms of communications media (Kartz, Blumler and Gvievitch, 1974). If two media serve similar needs then they can act as functional... Continue Reading
    : A CASE STUDY IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE ABSTRACT The main focus of this research work is on the effect of poor parenting on children and their education in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. And it was found... Continue Reading
    Abstract The human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic is in its third decade and has reached to alarming proportions worldwide. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one million people are... Continue Reading