This project death extensively on refuse disposal management in Enugu State with a particular reference to Enugu State Environmental Protection  Authority (ENSEPA), Enugu.

This research project is aimed at identifying the problems militating against efficient performance of ENSEPA and suggest solutions. The research project is eminent now that the country is aimed at health for all by the year 2000 AD.

The research project is to find out among others: -

(i)            Why ENSEPA is not performing creditability?

(ii)          Whether ENSEPA can generate enough fund to enable them keep Enugu metropolis clean?

(iii)         How government has been helping ENSEPA towards achieving this height.

The researcher made use of the percentage and tabular method in analyzing data. For better comprehension, the project is written in chapters.

Chapter 1, dealt with the introduction of the topic, will chapter 2 dealt with the literature review of wastes disposal management. Chapter 3 dealt with the conclusions, recommendations and data analysis.

      The researcher also include appendix to drive home his points.


CHAPTER ONE – Introduction

Background of the Study                                      

Statement of the Problem                                                  

Purpose of the study                                                                      

Research Questions                                                                      

Scope of Study                                                                                

Limitations of the study                                                                  


CHAPTER TWO – Literature Review                                         

Waste defined                                                                                 

Classification of Solid Waste                                                        

Disposal Techniques                                                                                 

Govt. Role in Proper Refuse disposal                             

Impediments to proper refuse disposal                           


CHAPTER THREE – Conclusion                                                           

Data Presentation                                                   

Sources of Data                                                                              

Analysis of Data                                                                              




Appendix I, II                                                                                    



            This study is aimed at discussing how the Enugu State Environment Sanitation (ENSEPA) has been battling to rid off our streets the heaps of refuse that now litter our neighbourhood. It focuses on how ENSEA has been getting rid of these refuse, what it costs them to do it and the impediments they have been encountering.

            This study particularly dealt on solid waste (refuse) disposal. It is not involved with the chemistry of waste treatment, recycling or any other means of waste management.

            Nevertheless, in ‘70s’ there was a method of disposing off these refuse generated daily by the households. Such work was the exclusivejob of the urban municipal councils. These refuse were dumped in strategically mapped out location, where they were eventally evalcuated by the urban municipal council workers. By then, our streets were beautiful looks and reports of outbreak of environmental prone diseases were less. But since the inception of Austerity measures by the Alhaji Shehu Shagari regime in 1982, the reverse became the case. The prevailing condition of affairs in the country turned the goals and aspirations of Nigerians to means of survival. Since then, he efforts channeled towards beautifying and keeping the streets clean continued to dewindle.

            Although the structures constructed in the secenties for this purpose are still there, they suffer great dilapitation due to mismanagement and lack of spare-parts to keep them in good order. The resultant effect is what we now see; un-attended to heaps of refuse, refuses blocked-roads and drainages, out-break of epidermics and low productivity out put leading to a decrease in Gross Domestic Product (GDP).


            The Anambra State Environmental Sanitation Authority (ASESA) emanated out of the programmes of was Against Indiscipline (WAI) which was founded by the General Buhari Idiagbon regime. It was a government establishment set up to handle the collection and disposal of wastes.

            Its emergence obtained government support under the edict No. 14 of 1934 and was later changed to a parastatal through No. 11 of 1985 (Agbo 1991:5). Resulting from the creation of Enugu State in 1991, it was renamed ESESA. Its main job as contained in the statute is to assist the populace of Enugu State in keeping their environment clean. This they do by embarking on house to house, street to street collection household refuse and properly disposing of these refuse. In the  mid eighties, collection centres were built in strategic locations to ease the collection and disposal of refuse by Environmental Sanitation workers.

            Earlier before the promulgation of Edict 14 of 1984, that gave birth to ASESA, (Omeruah,1984:1) “there was a giving concern in how some people behaved as if living in filth is a way of life. The lives of some Nigerians have been mortgaged to various diseases and sickness”. The work of collection and disposal of refuse is therefore very essential. Not only that, proper collection and disposal of waste beautifies our environments. It also help in eliminating the incidences of out-break of diseases.


            This study attempts to identify among other things: -

(i)            How ENSEPA handles the disposal of household wastes generated within Enugu State.

(ii)          It tends to find out the impediments that hindered its effective operation, and the prospects that are opened for it to accomplish its objectives.

(iii)         Why ENSEPA cannot generate enough funds to regularly cart away the heaps of effuse that litter the streets in Enugu State.

(iv)         It aimed at finding out how the government has been assisting ENSEPA through policy formulations.

(v)          Finally to find out if such policies facilitated or rather impeded ENSEPA’s growth.

This study shall particularly concentrate on household waste disposal management by ENSEPA in Enugu State.


            The main purpose of this study is to find out whether these indiscriminate heaps of refuse that litter our streets arose out of the lack of the employment of the compete personnel who are experts in the handling of refuse by ENSEPA, or whether it was due to lack of enough machines to cart away these wastes, or again, whether it is as a result of the work’s grievances or whether it is due to government reluctance and misconception of the primary objective for setting up ENSEPA.

            To identify the causes of ENSEPA under capacity out-put ad to correct the anomalies that prevented ENSEPA from standing up to the challenges of waste disposal management in Enugu State.


            This research work will pose an answer the following questions: -

(i)            Would it be appropriate to refer to ENSEPA as not living up to its challenges?

(ii)           To what extent has ENSEPA’s activities been hindered by unavailability of materials e.g materials?

(iii)         Would ENSEPA be able to generate enough funds to keep our environments clean without government subvention?

(iv)         To what extent is it right to say that ENSEPA is under staffed especially in the employment of the skilled manpower?


            This research study of refuse disposal management is centred on Enugu State Environment sanitation Authority in Enugu State. Its activities in various parts of the state would be given a proper scruting and put in the proper perspective.


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