THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT

OF RESOURCES IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NIGERIA

(A CASE STUDY OF OJI-RIVER LOCAL

GOVERNMENT ENUGU)

ABSTRACT

In this project research work, the researcher intended to have a general discussion with the management of resources in solving unemployment problem as my background.         How ever all essential part of the impact of effective management of resources in solving nemployment problem in Nigeria is discussed.       In chapter one, I discussed the back-ground, the problems, purpose of the study, scope some question and research hypothesis, significance and some definition of terms. In chapter two, it contains review of related literature and most main body of the project work.        Chapter three contains research design, area of the study population and sample size, instrument for data collection validation of instrument, reliability of instrument and method of data and analysis. Chapter four contains presentation and analysis of data, testing of hypothesis and summary of result. Finally chapter five contains discussion of findings conclusion, implication of the research findings, recommendation and suggestion for four the research.

                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1.      Background of the study                                              

1.2.      Statement of the problem                                    

1.3.      Objectives of the study                                       

1.4.       Scope of the Study                                                    

1.5.      Research Questions                                                    

1.6.      Research Hypothesis                                           

1.7.      Significance of the study                                              

1.8.      Definition of Major Terms                                            

Reference

CHAPTER TWO

2.1. LITERATURE REVIEW                                                          

2.2. Problems Generated by Unemployment                   

Reference

CHAPTER 3

3.0. Design of the study                                                    

3.1. Population                                                           

3.2. Population of the study                                         

3.3.   Sample Size                                                              

3.4. Development of Research Material                          

3.4    Questionnaires Design                                         

3.5    Research Procedure                                            

3.6    Treatment of Data                                                      

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0. DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1. Presentation of Data                                                     

4.2. Analysis of data                                                   

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1. Summary of Findings                                            

5.2. Conclusion                                                          

5.3. Recommendations                                              

Bibliography

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Unemployment has been and stills a major problem in Oji- Rive Local Government Area of Enugu State. A study recently carried out of researchers showed that about 80% of the labour force in the local government area are unemployed people in Oji- River is made up of youths and young school levers whose number in the labour market is on the increase year because of the high rate of people graduating from both the secondary and tertiary institution. A far  of them who are employed solely depend on the government and a greater percentage of them years for the non-existent non government organizaiton or corporate bodies for their unshed labour   which according to Byrness and stone (1981:147) people are only employed when they are unable to work and would be willing to accept a prevailing wage paid to people that posed the skill they have but either cannot find or have mot yet joined suited employment” Byrness believed that a person become unemployed  when be has a required skilled to sell to an employer who is willing to buy his still for a wage the problem of unemployment can be reduced if the already existing establishment within Oji-Rivers local government Area are effectively managed.

        The first problem that confronts the young job seeker hope on getting mainly administrative jobs which with the changing economic trend and high labour cost become very expressive for the employer who will prefer to improve the skill of his staff or computerize his company therefore cutting labour cost and maximizing his profit when this become unemployed with little or no hope of getting employment because of the charging trends modernization and technological development   of labour management based on this short fall in employment becomes problem.

Is that he seek On way to improve unemployment is through the effective management of resources in an establishment.  Effective management of resources in an establishment in Oji- Rive to encourage specialization and division of labour which means that more will also be encouraged to exhibit the dexterity in certain skill so as to perform the tasks more effectively at a higher rate of out put so as to meet the demand of their customers by their specialization is encouraged a t opposed to the use of computers which needs few people to feed information into them.  Effective management of scare resources in Oji-River will reduce unemployment and the dependence on government corporate bodies as the last hope of job seeker for engaging income generating ventures.

As a matter of factor this will put smile on the faces of school leavers who will be assured that they can be gainfully engaged and acquire proficiency in desired skills through their engagement in profitable of any establishment’s he effective management of resources in Oji- River Local Government Area will no doubt eradicate or reduce the social outery about the tills perpetrated by the employed people who as a matter of fact constitute a social menaces to the society. Some of the soil toilers and moilers will however be employed by these establishment

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM    

The problem of how unemployed can be solved by the effective management of resources is the core of the study. The researcher instead to find out what effect effectively managed resources will have in the reduction of unemployment rate in Oji-River Local government. The population on which the study will be based on the researcher intends to look at based on the operations of the establishment within the area and how effective the managers of these business or establishment will contribute in the study area

1.3    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to elicit the use of effective manageemnt of scare resources as a mean of reducing unemployment problem within Oji-River local government Area

1.4    SCOPE OF THE STUDY 

The scope of the study is to find out how unemployment problem can be solved through the proper use of scare resources in establishment. The study will be limited to Oji- River local government Area which will be used s the study population for the basis of the study.

1.5    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

-       Is there any way (s) to improve on the present mode of operations of Resources through effective management?

-       Can it create employment opportunities in Oji- River local government Area

-       In what way (s) can effective management of resources be usedas a tool reducing unemployment in Oji- River Local Government Area?

1.6    RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis 1

H0:   There is not way to improve the present mode of operation through effective resources management.

 

Hi:    The present mode of operation can be improve through effective resources management

Hypothesis 2

H0:   Effective resources management cannot create enough employment to reduce drift from rural

to urban area

Hi:    Effective resources management can create enough employment to reduce drift from rural to

urban area.

1.7    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of the study states who should benefit from the research and how. The study will go a long way in helping to achieve the strong impression.  The effective manageemnt of resources will create in solving unemployment problem in Oji-River Local Government and Nigeria in general.  It will also reduce the mismanagement of resources that leads to termination of worker in an establishment thereby creates unemployment in the local Government.

1.8    DEFINITION OF TERMS 

It is good to give operational meaning to the word misinterpretation by readers he term associated with this study will be clearly defined and provision will be made for other definitions as they occur while the study is progress.

Unemployment  

According to R,T Byreness and G.N stones (1981 p 14.7) is the amount of the unused labour involving skilled or unskilled people who are willing to work but could not secure employment as a result from the bulk of dependent people in the society.

Establishment 

The basic structures and faclities necessary for a country or organization of  functions efficiently

Management

Manageemnt from  layman’s view is getting things done through and with people  aimed at achieving ones personal goal or in contest with the goals of the organization

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