This paper looks at the concept of collective security and how it has been operationalized from the early times of the Catholic Church, to the Concert of Europe, its application in the League of Nations and in the United Nations. The main trust of this paper focuses on the differences in the application of collective security by the United Nations Security Council and its relevance in today’s power politics.
Collective Security as an institutionalized mechanism for the maintenance of international peace and security has reduced tensions among states in the international community. It has done much by providing the framework for keeping conflicts from becoming major threats to international peace. As Palmer and Perkings pointed out, for Collective Security to be effective, it must be strong enough to cope with aggression from any power or combination of powers, and it must be invoked if and as aggression occurs. The direction of the United Nations Collective Security system has always been dictated by the world big powers especially the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Small and medium powers feel left out in the Collective Security arrangement as they can only benefit from the system only when the interests of any of the “big gives” especially the United States are at stake. However, its weakness does not dismiss the system as wholly unuseful. This paper focuses on the concept of collective security and the different ways this concept has been applied in the international system, its significance and relevance.
The purpose of this research is to critique the Principle of Collective Security and proffer possible solutions to help policy makers in the international arena devise means of calling off collective actions and improve the tenets of Collective Security. Gulf War 1 (1990-1991) is the major focus in critiquing the Principle of Collective Security.... Continue Reading
(A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIA RAILWAY CORPORATION, EASTERN DIVISION ENUGU) TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study 1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.3 Purpose of the Study 1.4 Important/Significant of the Study... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Information is an important aspect of life. Vital information is the life wire or backbone of any organization. From sports statistics to the latest stock market price such facts keep people abreast of time. Computing, printing, photography and some recording are all forms of automatic information processing. In all of these processed ,... Continue Reading
WHAT IS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING Joshoyin (2007) define collective bargaining as a machinery for discussion and negotiation whether formal or informal, between employer(s) and workers, representatives, aimed at reaching mutual agreement or understanding on the... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The research project is titled “the impact of collective Bargaining as an effective tool for solving industrial dispute in Hamdala Hotel Kaduna”. The main objective among others is to headlight the benefit to be derived from effective collective bargaining toward organizational development. The scene method, using the questionnaire... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to examine collective bargaining in management of industrial conflict in Business Organization in Anambra State. The researcher distributed and collected 78 questionnaires. The chi-square statistical tool was used to test the hypothesis. The findings showed that management should develop more effective... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Collective bargaining is essentially the negotiations about working conditions and term of employment between the employer s and employees or government with the view to reaching an agreement. It primary aim is to bring both parties in a working relationship together for the purpose to ensure industrial harmony and the attainment... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This study was designed to investigate collective bargaining and the welfare of workers in Exxon Mobil Company. Ibeno, Akwa Ibom State. This is because workers in Exxon Mobil Company has been finding it so difficult get their entitlement, like motivational package and other incentives, left with the salaries alone. The researcher uses... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The main objective of collection bargaining is essential to described negotiation about working conditions and terms of employment between an employer organization on the hand and the representative of worker organization of the other hand, with a view of reaching agreement. The present state of a depressed economy in which Nigeria has... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The major problem of the study is the poor management of Industrial Conflicts within the University in spite the mechanism (collective bargaining) at the disposal of the Actors (ASUU and Management) with which to curtail such menace. The main research question of the study: Does collective bargaining enhances effective industrial conflict... Continue Reading