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Extraction of b-carotenes from palm oil mesocarp using soxhlet Apparatus - Project Ideas | Grossarchive.com

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ABSTRACT Palm Oil processing yield a considerable quantity of palm kernel shell (PKS) and mesocarp fruit fiber (MFF). This has been predominantly used as fuel through direct combustion which is inefficient and polluting. Better grade fuel could be derived through torrefaction. The objectives of the work therefore was to determine the optimum... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Palm Oil processing yields a considerable quantity of palm kernel shell (PKS) and mesocarp fruit fiber (MFF). This has been predominantly used as fuel through direct combustion which is inefficient and polluting. Better grade fuel could be derived through... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Palm vein recognition is a biometric identification method that integrates automated scientific applications to provide a way or means to identify a person by scanning a person’s palm vein in order to gain access.  Palm vein recognition technology is secure because the authentication data exists inside the body, it is very difficult to... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This project is focused on experimental analysis of impact of water jet on vanes. This work intends to predict the output of a pelton wheel, and to determine its optimum rotational speed. Hence this work explains how the deflection of the jet generates a force on the buckets, and how the force is related to the rate of momentum flow in... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT A temperature control apparatus an “Armfield model was refurbished. The methodology employed were to detect the pulty parts of the equipment especially in the sump where leakages were observed. In the repair, the water in the sump was drained off, corrosion and rusting in the tank were... Continue Reading
The introduction Methodology Materials needed Characteristics of bacillus that can produce amylase isolated from Palm kernel waste water in the production of local palm oil Characteristics of bacillus specie that have the potential to bioflocculate isolated from Palm kernel waste water in the production of local palm oil Aim and objectives of the... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The construction of the 500 gallous (2,250 litre) of water is a project which has definite mathematical patterns. The choice of a cylindrical pattern of design involved the application of mathematical deductions to analyse the size of materials required. The introductory and scope of the... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The objective of the repair and refurbishing the pilot plant temperature control equipment is to keep the apparatus in good working condition for it to be used for its various purposes. The part of the temperature control changed and new one installed. This was due to series of faults developed by the former one” Electrical accessories... Continue Reading
Introduction Biology is an incredibly fascinating field of study, because it is so fundamental to our world. Biology plays a role in everyone’s lives and touches almost... Continue Reading
Introduction Biology is an incredibly fascinating field of study, because it is so fundamental to our world. Biology plays a role in everyone’s lives and touches almost... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The word wax describes a large variety of substances of plant and animal origin, as well as man made products which are mostly petroleum derivatives. However, natural waxes are not single substances, but a mixture of various of long-chain fatty acids and a variety of other constituents,... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The seminar topic, “Extraction of oil from local seeds” is based on the study of palm oil and groundnut oil from palm fruits and groundnut seeds respectively, which are the local seeds. Oil is an organic substance which is an essential constituent of plants and animals. Extraction is a technique used for collecting oil from local... Continue Reading
Chapter One 1.0  INTRODUCTION The edible fruit of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) belongs to the family Cubitaceae . The fruit contains many obovate, smooth compressed seeds thickened at the margin and of a black or yellowish white colour. Watermelon plays a very important role in Africa as it is used to quench thirst when there is shortage of... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This study was carried out to extract oils from cashew nut and to characterized oils with the view to ascertain their suitability for consumption and other uses. Soxhlet apparatus was used for its extraction using ethanol as solvent. The physical and chemical properties of the extracted oil were analyzed. The percentage oil extracted from... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This project was carried out using ten grams of Soybeans seeds that was purchased from a local market in Enugu metropolis. The oil were extracted using solvent extraction method. Two different solvents were used in the extraction namely: Ethane and N-hexane to compare their yield, physical and chemical properties. The extraction was... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The research titled extraction and characterization of watermelon seed oil was carried to investigate the effect that different drying methods, solvents and seed size would have on the quality and quantity of oil from watermelon ( Citrilus lanatus ) seeds. The watermelon seeds were removed from the pod and washed. The sample was weighed... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE 1. 1 INTRODUCTION The word perfume derives from the latin ―per fumum‖ meaning through smoke, is fragrant liquid that is sprayed or rubbed on the skin or clothes to give a pleasant smell. Extraction of perfume from various plants resources is of ancient origin. Infact the natives from different tropical regions of the globe have... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT African breadfruit seeds were subjected to three processing methods – parboiling, cooking and toasting, and the raw was used as control. The purpose of this research was to extract the oil from the seed and to determine the effect of processing on the oil physicchemical properties showed that the... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE 1. 1 INTRODUCTION The word perfume derives from the latin ―per fumum‖ meaning through smoke, is fragrant liquid that is sprayed or rubbed on the skin or clothes to give a pleasant smell. Extraction of perfume from various plants resources is of ancient origin. Infact the natives from different tropical regions of the globe have... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The word perfume derives from the latin ―per fumum‖ meaning through smoke, is fragrant liquid that is sprayed or rubbed on the skin or clothes to give a pleasant smell. Extraction of perfume from various plants resources is of ancient origin. Infact the natives from different tropical regions of the globe have long been extracting oil... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Bit Plane Complexity Segmentation (BPCS) digital picture steganography is a technique to hide data inside an image file. BPCS achieves high embedding rates with low distortion based on the theory that noise-like regions in an image’s bit-planes can be replaced with noise-like secret data without significant loss in image quality. . In... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Aloe vera ( Aloe barbadensis miller)   is a perennial plant of  Liliacea with turgid green leaves joined at the stem in a rosette pattern, Aloe vera leaves are formed by thick epidermis (skin) covered curticle surrounding the mesophyll, which can be differentiated into chlorenchyma cells and thinner walled cells forming... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Perfume extraction refers to the extraction of aromatic compounds from raw materials, using methods such as distillation, solvent extraction, expression or enfleurage. The extracts are either essential oils, absolutes, concretes, or butters, depending on the amount of waxes in the extracted product. Heat, chemical solvents, or exposure to... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT A general analysis of bark and leave of some indigenous wood species was carried out with the aim of establishing whether their percentage tannin content is high enough to be of commercial value. The results obtained from the four species examined, show the percentage tannin to be 12.7%,... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This study was carried out to extract essential oils from cashew shell and its kernel and to characterize the oils; with the view to ascertain their suitability for consumption and other uses. Soxhlet apparatus was used for the extraction using hexane as solvent. The physical and chemical properties of the extracted oil were analyzed. The... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Perfume is a fragrant liquid made from an extract that has been distilled in alcohol and water. Since the beginning of recorded history, humans have attempted to mask or enhance their own odor by using perfume, which emulates nature’s pleasant smells. Many natural and man-made materials have been used to... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT A table top liquid-liquid extraction unit was constructed. The project also involved the repair and servicing of peristaltic suction pump, by painting it, replacing the connecting cord to the power supply, refilling of the work out suction plates, teeth and general servicing of the equipment. The glass absorption columns were provided as... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Cocoa ( Theobroma cacao L .) fruits are important commodity of economic value since the seeds or beans is used to produce high demand products such as cocoa powder, butter and chocolate. The processing of cocoa fruits generates a large amount of cocoa pod husk discard as wastes ( Alemawor et al.,  2009). Cocoa pod husk represents between... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The estimation of vitamin C in Tangerine Juice was investigated, the results obtained using titrimetric method shows that one tangerine fruit juice contains approximately 10mg of vitamin C content, and the 19 fruits sample used in the experiment contains about 190mg of... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Caffeine is an odorless, slightly bitter organic compound found mostly in beverages such as coffee or tea and in chocolate. It is the most widely used “mind-altering drug” in the world, though it is considered safe and is mostly unregulated. Caffeine acts as a mild stimulant on the nervous system, aiding in alertness. Caffeine is also... Continue Reading
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