THE IMPACT OF TIME MANAGEMENT IN EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN ORGANIZATION
1.1 Background of the study
Organization comprises of individuals performing various activities which enable them to achieve objectives for which they are established. Cole (2002) says that these various tasks varies in time span that is the time required to perform a specific task in organization varies from job to job hence the need for effective management of time by the organization is discharged of various organizational responsibilities. It is against this backdrop that Tailor (1977) developed “the time and motion study” time and motion study which reveals exactly how long it takes to perform a task and the best way to perform it. This enables organization to know how much output they can expect in a given time in support to this principles. Taylor (1977) demonstrates the benefit of increase employees productivity and earnings which he had obtained at the Bethlehem steel works. He described to his critics an experiment with two shoulders “first class shoulders” in his word whose effort were timed and studies each man had his own personal shovel which he used regardless of the type of coal being shifted. At first the average shovel load was about 38 pounds and with this loan each man handled about 25 tons of materials a day. Daily tonnage up to 30 eventually it was found out that with smaller shovels averaging about 21 pounds per load the daily output rose even higher. George and James (1996) says that management is prioritizing and estimating techniques that allow workers to identify the most importance task and fit them with their daily work schedule. This enables workers to make better use of their time whenever we went to perform some task. We are not presently doing this, so we have to displace other activities to make room for it. There it lies the secret of what it referred to as effective time managements to be effective we displace less importance task with more important ones that have stress. If we tend to be objective about time. We will discover that for every reward that we receive either in a given labour it is not for the effort of the job rendered but for the time involved or time taken to do such a job. Cordiner (1990) says that effective impact of time management is everything in every viable organization. There exists variety of techniques that organization can employ to ensure effective and efficient impact management of time by employees to enhance its productivity. This study is an attempt to identity these techniques and how the impact of time management enhances an employee productivity in organization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study is concerned with the impact of time management on employee’s productivity at the Kaduna State Universal Basic Education Board. It has been noticed that most organization tends to experience the problem of management of time in what is set in motion to achieve. Thus, the study intends to find out the role of time management or the absence of it in achieving employee’s productivity among staff of the State Universal Basic Education Board. The question that one will like to ask include is it due to poor time management that production among staff of the Universal Basic Education Board is not efficient and effective or at what level do staff of the state universal Basic Education Board effectively utilize time management to achieve productivity.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
1. To ascertain the impact of time management in employee productivity
2. To ascertain the relationship between time management and employee productivity
3. To investigate the nature of effective time management in an organization
4. To provide solutions to the problem of time wasting in Nigeria
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no impact of time management in employee productivity
H1: there is impact of time management in employee productivity
H02: there is no relationship between time management and employee productivity
H2: there is relationship between time management and employee productivity
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will give a clear insight on the impact of time management in employee productivity in organization. It will be of help to any organization and the employee. The study will help enlighten how to manage time in employee productivity in organization. The study will b of help to others research which the study will serve as reference.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the impact of time management in employee productivity in organization. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
TIME: Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future. Time is a component quantity of various measurements used to sequence events, to compare the duration of events or the intervals between them, and to quantify
TIME MANAGEMENT: Time management is the process of planning and exercising conscious control of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity
EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY: Employee productivity (sometimes referred to as workforce productivity) is an assessment of the efficiency of a worker or group of workers. Productivity may be evaluated in terms of the output of an employee in a specific period of time.
ORGANIZATION: An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the studyTHE IMPACT OF TIME MANAGEMENT IN EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN ORGANIZATION