+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

AN ASSESSMENT ON THE IMPACT OF ICT ON THE PRINT MEDIA

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:65
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Mass Communication Project Topics & Materials)

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of content

 CHAPETR ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION 

1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study

CHAPETR TWO

2.0 Literature Review

CHAPETR THREE

3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

Appendix

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out “The Impacts of Information Communication Technologies on print media in Nigeria: A study of some selected print media houses in Nigeria” As a study on the aspect of impact, the survey method was used to ascertain the impacts of ICT’s in newspaper production. The population of this study was drawn from Nation, Sun and punch. Questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. From the data collected and analyzed, various findings were made. These findings can be summarized by saying that newspaper industry in Nigeria makes use of information communication technologies in their production process. Newspaper industries in Nigeria have been using ICT’s for a long time: ICT’s make newspaper production easier. The adoption of ICT’s has changed newspaper production process in Nigeria. ICT’s have much impact on newsgathering. The adoptions of ICT’s have made the future of newspaper industry in Nigeria bright. To a large extent, the adoptions of ICT’s in newspaper industry have caused unemployment

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION  

1.1      Background of the study

With the invention of the telegraph, radio and television, print newspapers have faced challenges over the decades, yet publishers have always adapted and persevered. However, the Internet is proving to be a far more dangerous foe to the traditional newspaper model. Faced with such an adversary, small and large newspapers alike may have no choice but to abandon their traditional methods for a more innovative approach. Newspaper companies around the globe are changing their mode of producing and distributing news (Clemons & Lang 2003). The changes are due to a continuous decline in newspaper circulation, readership, and advertisers. The decline is as a result of changing reader’s consumption, which according to Sternvik et al, (2008) & Fortunati & Sarrica (2010) is caused by the Internet. Internet has resulted in newspaper consumers developing the habit of wanting interne news, free news, quick news and interactivity i.e news blog and user-generated content (Freer, 2007 & Sternvik et al, 2008). The inability of traditional newspapers to provide all these emerging perks has prompted a prediction that many newspaper companies will be forced to change in order to survive; adapting the style, the content, and the design of the newspaper as well as adopting new technology, which empower consumer’s involvement. New product development is viewed as a key for responding to declining product consumption caused by consumer changing needs (Nystrom, 1985). It is defined as a modification of existing product and an introduction of a new product that meets contemporary needs (Foxall, 1998 & Leonard, 1998). It could be the creation of products with additional or different characteristics that offer new or additional benefits to consumers. However, it should be pointed out that the relative inability of some African countries to establish a strong presence on the web means the journalists are still compelled to source African news from established western news agencies and cable channels. The new technologies may have facilitated faster access to news about Africa and other foreign countries but disparity remains in the level of Internet accessibility in some African countries (Obijiofor et al, 2000). Thus, the more African countries establish their presence on the web, the easier it is for journalists to access news about those countries. In this regard, the paucity of the new technologies in many African countries has reduced the capacity for information sharing among African journalists. In a comparative study of Singaporean and Nigerian journalists’ perceptions of the new technologies, Obijiofor (2001) found that journalists in the two countries hold different views in regard to the impact of the Internet on journalism practice. Singaporean journalists believe the Internet has enabled them to focus more on regional news, particularly the positive news genre in developing Southeast Asian countries that do not receive prominence from western news agencies. As the deputy foreign editor of the Straits Times (Singapore) explained in an interview: “The [western] agencies tend to focus, for example, on human rights angle or prostitution in Thailand and other negative news... There must be more in Thailand than prostitution. The new technologies allow us to go into each country to see what else is out there, to determine the news ourselves rather than have the news determined for us by the western news agencies” [Personal interview](Obijiofor, 2001). It must be noted that Singapore is not a developing country. However, the level of technological development in Singapore may have informed the way Singaporean journalists perceived the new technologies. Nigerian journalists on the other hand believe the new technologies have enabled them to diversify their sources of news and also to rely less on the major western news agencies (Obijiofor, 2001).

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have changed the entire system of newspaper production in Nigeria. Both the print and broadcast media are affected in one way or the other by the information revolution. Information is the primary input as well as the final output of Newspaper industry. It collects raw information and converts it into categorized, defined and useful pieces of information. Therefore it will not be an exaggeration to say that the radical changes brought in the realm of information through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) revolution are bound to affect Newspaper more than any other industry. The adoption and absorption of Information and Communication Technologies are being carried out in newspaper industry by bringing efficiencies in all the functional wings including newsgathering, production, editorial and marketing so as to gain competitive advantage (Indo American Print summit 2008:153). Information and Communication technologies are now used not just by press but increasingly by reporters and editors also in Nigeria. Its benefits are being recognized at every point of the entire supply chain of newspaper production. The impact of Information and Communication technologies on every aspect of Newspaper, on the product, the production process, marketing and distribution in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. According to Chris (2001:7), technology development and absorption in Newspaper industry improved the printing process and reduced the operating time of editorial desks. The profuse use of online content and facilities has led to dominance of many-to-many model over one-to-many model of information collection. The individual or the department entrusted for the collection of information and news (Journalist) could gather information as per own and others convenience.

1.1      STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

One obvious impact of the new technologies is the empowerment of news consumers on a global scale. The Internet has enabled news consumers to make decisions regarding what they want to read or hear, when to read that information and to choose which medium to patronise. Anyone who can access the Internet is guaranteed almost as much information and data as professional journalists have. In essence, media consumers who feel dissatisfied with the quality of service provided by a particular news medium could readily look for alternatives elsewhere. The notion of loyalty to a particular news medium has become untenable it is in lieu of this that the researcher decides to investigate the impact of the internet on newspaper production.

1.2      OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The main objective of the study is to investigate the impact of the internet on newspaper production. But to aid the completion of the study, the researcher intends to achieve the following objective;

i)             To ascertain the impact of internet on newspaper production

ii)           To investigate the role of ICT  on news reportage

iii)          To investigate if there is any relationship between digital journalism and traditional journalism on news reportage

iv)         To ascertain the financial implication of online reporting and the print media

1.3      RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the successful completion of the study, the following hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: the internet has no impact on newspaper production

H1: the internet has a significant impact on newspaper production

H0: ICT does not play any significant role on news reportage

H2: ICT do play a significant role on news reportage.

1.4      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It is believed that at the completion of the study, the findings will be of great importance to the management of newspaper houses or print media as the study seeks to elaborate on the impact and competition the internet has brought on the traditional news media outlet.

The study will also be of great importance to journalist and news editors as the advent of internet has come to broaden and change the scope and way of journalism. The study will also be of importance to researcher who intends to carry out study in similar topic as the study will serve as a reference point. Finally the study will be of significance to academia, student, teachers, lecturers and the general public as the findings will also contribute to the pool of knowledge.

1.5      SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covers the impact of internet on newspaper production. but in the course of the study there were some factors which militated against the scope of the study;

a)     AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material      available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study.

b)     TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider         coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities        and examinations with the study.

c)     FINANCE: The finance available for the research work does not     allow for wider coverage as resources are very limited as the        researcher has other academic bills to cover.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Internet

Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web(WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing

Newspapers

A newspaper is a serial publication containing news about current events, other informative articles about politics, sports, arts, and so on, and advertising. A newspaper is usually, but not exclusively, printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint.

News

News is information about current events. Journalists provide news through many different media, based on word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting, electronic communication, and also on their own testimony, as witnesses of relevant events.

News production

Journalistic Production Theoretical Framework. Defining news is the first step to decoding the process of news production. According to Nossek (2008), “news is a genre of mass media content resulting from journalists' information gathering and editors' decisions and following professional practices and norms.

1.8      ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance or the study, research methodology, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study its based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Mass Communication
Project ID MAS0545
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 65 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Mass Communication
    Project ID MAS0545
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 65 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of the Study  Lassa fever (LF) or Lassa haemorrhagic fever (LHF) is an acute viral illness caused by the Lassa virus which was first discovered and isolated in 1969 in the town of Lassa in Borno State of Nigeria. Lassa virus is a member of the Arenaviridae virus. The primary host of the virus is... Continue Reading
    Abstract The cost of not proof reading or proper gatekeeping ranges from the death of the print outfit, life of journalists, editor, publisher, jail term or fine. The research therefore, examined the impact of proofreading and editing in print media with a study of Nigerian Tribune. The paper is anchored on gatekeeping theory and libertarian media... Continue Reading
    1.1 INTRODUCTION 1.2.  BACKGROUND OF STUDY 1.3  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This is a research that is based on determining or finding out the impact of mass media campaign in the reduction of malaria in iree community. In the course of this research, it will help... Continue Reading
    . (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE) PREFACE A baby’s first attempt at walking is sometimes very calamitous, when not properly guided, indelible sears are left as a result of bruises sustained from “Childish” falls. In the same vein, as green horns in the act of writing books for... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE 1.1             INTRODUCTION The fact that communication regard at area of print media is an indispensable factor in all aspects of human relation, is now too obvious to require any emphasis. As it was, the world revolves around the forum of communication networks. In the communication network, the print media serve as the... Continue Reading
    (A CASE STUDY OF THE COMPLETE SPORT NEWSPAPER) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Sports was originally a recreational activity, but with the introduction of financial and material benefits and an attendant honour to it, the number of participants, the number of... Continue Reading
     CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY           Nigeria has become a country playing host to the victory of wrong over light, falsehood over the truth and supremacy of personal irresponsibility over fundamental values. It is a country perpetuating... Continue Reading
    ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN ANTI – CORRUPTION CAMPAGIN CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria has become a country playing host to the victory of wrong over light, falsehood over the truth and supremacy of personal irresponsibility over fundamental values. It is a country perpetuating a policy that fails to value... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY             Nigeria has become a country playing host to the victory of wrong over light, falsehood over the truth and supremacy of personal irresponsibility over fundamental values. It is a country... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY One of the primary challenges faced by developing countries especially Nigeria stems from the breakdown of bordering between their internal and external aspects. Professionals and scholars have arranged that increasing the actions and statement of Nigerian leaders and citizens simultaneously... Continue Reading