CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria is generally known to be blessed with both human and mineral resources. But, experiences since independence show that Nigeria have suffered so much misrule and the country has been in a deplorable state due to poor leadership. Nigeria going by the aspiration and huge investments of successive governments should have by now moved towards a stage of progress developmentally. The persistence of the indices of under development in the country has last a big question mark on the country’s planning and execution techniques usually employed by her planners. Why is it that Nigeria inspite her age as an independent nation coupled with various past and present development plans, projects, policies and programmes still finds it difficult to leave the stage of under development?
The Asian tiger countries of Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore and such other countries like China and India were some years back grouped with Nigeria as third world countries but are today the emerging economics of the world.
To us, the age old argument of slavery, colonialism, neo-colonialism, imperialism, ethnicity, etc as reasons for the under development of the country, although might have variously played some parts are no more excuses for the present low level of development in the country.
The country has passed through traumatic stage of under development due to poor leadership. Many political activities believe that Nigeria leaders are responsible for the country’s woes. It must be noted that no system comes from the outer space. Individual personal qualities knowledge about governance explain one’s ability to deliver the need at the society as a leader. When those in position of authority (leaders) lack the cardinal virtues of leading, the system crumbles.
But is regrettable that Nigerian leaders after independence preoccupied themselves with corrupt practices, selfish activities which breed insecurity in the society.
Achebe (2000:1) asserted that the trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a failure of leadership.
Furthermore, it is on the basis of failure of Nigeria leaders that Danjuma (2004) opined that the leaders are responsible for the nations woes. This is because the leaders do not have the interest of the nation at heart in terms of development which will in turn touch the lives of the common people in the society.
ALapiki (2000:170) opined that ‘’government is a desirable social and economic progress’’ in modern age and time, I must certainly involve improvement in living condition, therefore, true development has to direct to the fulfillment of human potential of the people. Okeneke and Ekpe (2002) submitted that development implies qualitative and quantitative change not only in standard of living of the members of the society, but also the transformation of the whole society. It must be noted that the transition to democracy in 1999 brought rays of hope and assurance to the country where by development is expected to spread to all rural communities in the country, as it ought to be in a true democracy. This has not been the case as a result of poor leadership in the country.
Also, it is our conviction that development without sustainability is purposeless, sterile and ephemeral. Therefore, any development effort not anchored on the sustainability strategy which ensures that we meet needs and aspirations of the present and still ensure that future generations meet, there is certainly not worth it. So, how best can sustainable development be achieved in Nigeria? This study argues that popular participation is a prerequisite or bedrock upon which sustainable development can be realized in the country.
This research study is aimed at studying political leadership and development in Nigeria with special references to the period between 1999 and 2014.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS
Development in Nigeria is lagging behind, through desirable ever since independence particularly between 1999 and 2014 despite the stride by the government in place to bring about development in the society.
Development is still being impeded by some factors hence, necessitating the following.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are:
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research study will be of relevance to other researchers.
It will help to enrich the existing literature on similar subject matter, besides, it is timely given government desire in this fourth republic to bring in transparent leadership which can usher in development.
It will recommend ways through which development can be achieved using the political leaders as agents.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions will aid in the further pursuit of this research work. tentative answers to this question will serve as foundation upon which this project will be based.
1.6 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This research work will be done using Nigeria as a case study. For effectiveness and purpose attainment, the study will focus on political leadership with regards to development in Nigeria between 1999 and 2014.
This research work was hindered by the following factors:
Financial constraints, limited time, ineffectiveness of e-learning in this country which did not allow me sort for enough information on the internet.
1.7 DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS
POLITICS: According to Akinnimi (2011) as quoted from David Easton’s definition, it is the authoritative allocation of values.
LEADERSHIP: This is the state or position of being a leader
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP: It is connected with different people working in politics, especially making of policies with the desire to achieve certain objectives. Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary, international student edition
DEVELOPMENT: This is the gradual growth of something so that it becomes more advanced and stronger. (Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary, international student edition.