For there to be any meaningful development in any society or state, it must involve an effective embracing education sector in such a society. Couple with this, is the need for this research exercise which is the impact of education on the development of rural areas in Kogi State. The fundamental purpose of this research work is to ascertain and examine the impact of education on rural development. This research work is also influence by some factors which are political instability, finance which hold a high degree of influence on educational sector in Kogi State and the country in general. Another factor that led to this research work is the need for an effective policy that will positively affect and regulate the educational sector in Kogi State. Finally, this study will also help in identifying the various ways how education can develop rural areas.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Education is believed to be the mother of knowledge, one is made to agree that a well educated society is likely to solve its problems with ease. The role of education to humanity could not be exaggerated after all. This is because it is believed to be connect ‘’drug’’ that is used to head the ailments in the society.
More than half of the world’s population and more than 70% of poor are to be found in the rural areas where hunger, illiteracy, and low school achievement are common. Education for a large number of people in rural areas is crucial for achieving sustainable development.
Education is seen as instrument of development in all ramification of our life. Effort have been made by Nigeria government to bring about good education to Nigeria innovations have made and huge amount of many have been expended on the executive of education policies, which yield title or no result. Although several government and individual efforts are daily proposed, the Kogi State government is seen as not meaning up to the standard in complementing the teacher’s efforts to wards bringing up good citizens that would make Nigeria conducive for both political and economic development.
Rapid expansion of the Nigeria education system at all levels compounded by rapid policy change and the shrinking economy have constituted constraints to educational development in the state and the country at large. It is not a surprise that the standard and quality of education in the country is seen by many to delaying. Aghanta (2001) asserted that, the Nigeria educational system, have been ineffective in accelerating national development due to the policies adopted, and access and quality issues.
While the problem are perceived as being general, they are said to be more acute in the rural areas. The rural areas are seen as having greater challenges concerning educational development than the urban centres due to some socio-economic and institutional structures of the rural areas. From the view of the research work is being carried out in order to find out the impact of education on the development of rural areas. By this, Kogi State government and local government will know the role that education plays in enhancing rural development.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Successive government in Nigeria have failed to realize the impact of education as a tool for development. This failed to tackle the problems associated with implementing education policies.
The problems of how to effectively implement educational policies, and the techniques to be used in implementing these policies must be identified and pursued with vigor. Even the years there seems to be more decay in the education sector despite different policies put in place by government.
Hence, this research work is embarked upon to address the following research problems;
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
At the end of this research study, the researchers intend and wishes to achieve the following objectives;
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study is to show hoe education can be used as a tool for developing rural areas and how effective policies can be formulated and implemented in the educational sector. This study is designed to show the following significance;
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
In order to effectively achieve the aims and objectives of this study, the researchers formulated certain questions, this is to ascertain the creativeness and significance or otherwise of the research topic under consideration. The following research questions are hereby written as follows:;
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This research will centre on the activities of Ofu local government area, with specific focus on the socio-economic or education in year 2009-2013.
It is designed to cover some data and information needed to implement effective educational policies that can bring about rural development in Kogi State.
Other areas covered in this study includes the concept of education, challenges of education in Nigeria the history of educations in Nigeria, the impact of education on rural development and education as a rural development strategy.
In the course of carrying out this research work requires much money to be spent in transportation, administration and preparation of questionnaire among other expenses. And the research were faced with low capital actually covered by this study.
Another limitation encountered by the research is the respondents did not give their full attention when interviewed, this factor also limit the scope of the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF KEY CONCEPTS
In the course of this study, many terms and concepts will be encountered especially by user of this project work. Therefore, for easy comprehension and understanding, the researchers taken the pain to define some of the key concepts and terms.
EDUCATION: According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia education is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual. It is the process by which people learn.
DEVELOPMENT: This refers to a state of total and complete transformation in any given ratifications either as an individual or as a society or state. Development as used in the research refers to a positive transformation in term of physical, mental, social, political, economic and administrative aspect of a given society in Kogi State.
PRIMARY EDUCATION: Refers to the education given in an institution for children aged 6 to 11 years plus (Adigun 2006).
TERTIARY EDUCATION: It is also called their stages, or post secondary educations. It is the non-compulsory education level that flows the completion of a school providing a secondary education, such as a high school.
TECHNOLOGY: Technology offers a powerful learning tools that demands new skills and understanding of students. This is a scientific methods of learning such as use of computers, power points and interactive white board.
This usually capture the attention of students in the classroom.
RURAL AREAS: Are areas that are not urbanized. They have a low population density, and typically much of the land devoted to agriculture.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT: In general, it is used to denote the actions and initiative taken to improve the standard of living in non-urban areas.
DEVELOPMENT ACTIONS: Rural development actions mostly aim at the social and economic development of rural areas.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
The research work is divided into five chapters;
Chapter one is the introductory aspect of the study. It consist of the background objectives, the scope and limitations, significance of the study, research question, definition of key concepts and the organization of the study.
Chapter two contains the literature review of the subject matters of the research works.
Chapter three contains the design of the study, area of the study, population, sample size and sampling techniques, method of data collection, description of instruments, administration of instrument, methods of analysis and instrument of methodology.
Chapter four contains presentation of data, analysis of data, discussion of findings and summary of findings.THE IMPACT OF EDUCATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS