Redeeming the public image of Nigeria Police Force is vital to police personal output and productivity. It has been observed that police personnel were not performing well. In view of the above, the researcher set out to see how to redeem the public image of Nigeria Police Force. Well structured questionnaire among other research instruments were designed and administered by using population to 120 respondents. The objective was to elicit answers that would reveal how to redeem the public image of Nigeria Police Force. The primary sources were complemented with secondary sources. As a matter of fact, the data collected were presented, analyze and interpreted in chapter four. The following findings were made; the Nigeria police force is performing their functions very well that the idea of collecting bribery in the police station is corruption. The Nigeria police force is truly friends of the masses. That the low remuneration received by the Nigeria Police Force is responsible for their low performance; That the government should provide what the Nigeria Police Force need in carrying out their duties.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The word Police is derived from the Greek word ‘Polis’ meaning the part of non-ecclesiastical administration having to do with safety, health and order of state. The Greek politaria, meant the act of governing and regulating the welfare, security need and order of the city-state in the interest of the public.
Nigeria Police began with a (30) thirty members consular guard formed in Lagos colonies in 1861. In 1879, a one thousand two hundred (1,200) members armed paramilitary Hausa constabulary was formed.
Before describing this system in brief, it is relevant to observe that policing and police work did not start as a paid profession. It started as a noble, incorruptible profession with considerable responsibility and distinction. It was the justice of the peace system, which corrupted the Paris constable system.
Policing is referred to as measure and practice of securing the safety of members of community as well as ensuring conformity to the NORMS and VALUES of society. The Nigeria Police function and was responsible for internal security generally for supporting the prison, immigration, and custom service and for performing military duties within or outside Nigeria as directed.
The Nigeria police indeed fallen short of these responsibility because of the obvious ethical vacuum and inability to overcome their genuine moral challenges.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The Nigeria police force has over the years acquired a very negative image which has been a major problem to combat with, as the only force that has the enormous task of enforcing obedience of the law, prevention and detection and prevention of crime and protection of the lives and properties of the people in the country.
Overtime, the masses have come to distrust and disrespect the Nigeria police force due to some of its infamous activities; as a result, the public image of the NPF (Nigeria Police Force) has deteriorated into a negative one.
However, it is imperative for the Nigeria police force to enhance its image because the negative perception in which the public holds the police often hampers some of its activities.
This study therefore, intends to show how public relations can create a new public image for the Nigerian police force (NPF).
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This research project is set out for the following purpose;
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The questions which this study attempt to answers are as follows:
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The research will highlight the masse’s perception of the police and the responsibilities of both the masses and the police to the society.
The research will be very useful to Nigeria police force as well as highlighting the problems facing the NPF
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
The scope of the research project will be centred on the activities of the Nigeria police force in Kogi State, in relation to the Kogi State police command and the public and how the police command can redeem the image of the NPF. The scope does not cover the entire nation.
The project topic is limited to Kogi State. This is due to the constraints that may be faced by the researcher if he covers the activities of the NPF in the entire nation.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
REDEEMING: This is the act of retrieving or collecting.
PUBLIC: This is the act of been connected to ordinary people in the society in general
IMAGE: It is seen as a person, an organization or a product
POLICE FORCE: An official body of people employed a state to prevent crime and keep public order.
BRIBERY: Dishonestly pay someone to act in one’s favour
CORRUPTION: Willing to act dishonestly in return for money.
COMMUNICATION: The act of interacting with people or the act of passing information.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research project is divided into five chapters.
Chapter one is the introduction of the work that is followed by the area covered; background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, significance of the study, research questions, scope/imitations of the study, definition of key concepts.
Chapter two; is the literature review and includes public image of the Nigeria Police Force, duties of the Nigeria Police Force area command department in Kogi State, challenges of Police Area Command Department in Kogi State, public relations method employed by the Nigeria Police Force Kogi State Police Command, media and method of public relations and principles of public relations respectively.
Chapter three is the research methodology and includes research design, area of study, population of the study, sample of the study, description of instrument, administration and retrieval of instruments, administration of research questionnaires and method of data analysis.
Chapter four is the data presentation and analysis and includes data presentation, analysis of data, test of hypotheses and discussion of findings.
Chapter five is summary, recommendations and conclusion.